2Verbals and Verbal Phrases: A Review Remember, when verbs do what they’re told, they are an action or a state of being…John, a 10th grader, plays Playstation 2 until PS3 comes out on the market.Easy! PLAYS is our verb, right?
3Verbals and Verbal Phrases: A Review But sometimes, verbs act like NOUNS, which as we all know, can be confusing….Playing Playstation 2 is something that John, a tenth grader likes.Now….”playing” is acting like a nounOur verb in the sentence becomes “likes”Crazy!
4Gerunds Gerunds always, always, always end in –ing. They act like nouns in a sentence.So they can be:Subjects, Direct objects, Indirect Objects, and Objects of a preposition.
5Gerunds Let’s try a few…. To swim Swimming To eat Eating To dance Dancing
6Gerunds Okay, now a few examples within sentences… Leaving one’s school during senior year is painful.Gerund: leavingThe result was winning the football game with a safety in the fourth quarter.Gerund: winning
7Gerunds vs Present Participles A gerund ends in –ing and acts like a noun in a sentence.A present participle ends in –ing and acts like an adjective in a sentence
8Gerunds vs Present Participles Francisco’s first love is swimming.Swimming is a gerundFrancisco’s swimming coach was eaten by a great white sharkSwimming is a participle, it modifies “coach”
9The “it” testOne last thing….a trick if you will…try to replace –ing verbs with “it”If the sentence makes sense, you’ve got a gerundIf not, it’s a present participle….