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Phrase Review Alex Beres. What is a Participial Phrase?

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Presentation on theme: "Phrase Review Alex Beres. What is a Participial Phrase?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Phrase Review Alex Beres

2 What is a Participial Phrase?

3 PARTICIPIAL PHRASES A participle is a form of a verb that can act as an adjective. A participial phrase is a participle modified by an adverb or adverb phrase or accompanied by a complement. The ENTIRE phrase acts as an adjective. Traveling quickly, we saw much of the French countryside. The tourist, confused by the signs, got lost.

4 PARTICIPIAL PHRASES Traveling quickly, we saw much of the French countryside. The tourist, confused by the signs, got lost.

5 What is a Gerund Phrase?

6 GERUNDS A Gerund is a form of a verb that acts as a noun End with ‘ing’ Gerunds or Gerund Phrases function as nouns! Used as subject, subject complements, direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions.

7 GERUND PRASES A gerund phrase is a gerund with modifiers or a complement, all acting together as a noun Arguing about grades will get you nowhere. Answering quickly is not always a good idea. Many places in France prohibit walking on the grass.

8 GERUND PHRASES Arguing about grades will get you nowhere. Answering quickly is not always a good idea. Many places in France prohibit walking on the grass.

9 What is an Infinitive Phrase?

10 INFINITIVE PHRASES An infinitive phrase is an infinitive with modifiers, complements, or a subject, all acting together as a single part of speech. Jeffrey’s entire family likes to rise early. To skate on the ice without falling was not easy for him. He hated to leave the city of Lyon.

11 INFINITIVE PHRASES Jeffrey’s entire family likes to rise early. To skate on the ice without falling was not easy for him. He hated to leave the city of Lyon.

12 REVIEW Making movies is a big business in France. ‘Making movies’ functions as a noun and subject in the sentence, therefore: Gerund Phrase

13 REVIEW Pioneering in different fields, the French have been leaders in a scientific world. The phrase describes the French and acts as an adjective, therefore: Participial Phrase

14 REVIEW Many French people prefer to dine at home. ‘To dine at home’ is acting as one part of speech, and can be identified by the word to, therefore: Infinitive Phrase

15 The French government, having supported scientific research for more than 350 years, has made many advances possible. You can travel easily from the fancy Sixteenth District to the Latin Quarter, where students hang out. Viewing American movies is a popular French pastime, but the French try promoting their own films. Eating ice cream on a windy day can be a messy experience if you have long, untamed hair. The car sliding out of control toward building will likely hit the window. To finish her shift without spilling another pizza into a customer's lap is Michelle's only goal tonight.

16 P- The French government, having supported scientific research for more than 350 years, has made many advances possible. I- You can travel easily from the fancy Sixteenth District to the Latin Quarter, where students hang out. G- Viewing American movies is a popular French pastime, but the French try promoting their own films. G- Eating ice cream on a windy day can be a messy experience if you have long, untamed hair. P- The car sliding out of control toward the building will likely hit the window. I- To finish her shift without spilling another pizza into a customer's lap is Michelle's only goal tonight.

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