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My History Book of A.B.C Taylor Jones 8/45-13-14.

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Presentation on theme: "My History Book of A.B.C Taylor Jones 8/45-13-14."— Presentation transcript:

1 My History Book of A.B.C Taylor Jones 8/45-13-14

2 A- Abolitionist- a person who strongly favors doing away with slavery. Alien-An immigrant living in a country in while he or she is not a citizen. Amendment-An addition to a formal document such as the constitution

3 B- Boy Cotton-To refuse to buy items from a particular country. Burgesses-elected representatives to an assembly Bond-a note issued by the government which promises to pay off a loan with interest.

4 C- Cabinet-a group of advisers to the president. Cash Crops- Farm crop raised to be solid for money. Census- Official count of a population.

5 D- Depression-A period of low economic activity and widespread unemployment. Douglass, Fredrick - Born into slavery abolitionist Drought-A long period of time with little rainfall.

6 E Embargo-An order prohibiting trade with another country. Export- To sell goods abroad. Emigrant-A person who leaves a country or region to live elsewhere.

7 F Factory System- System bringing manufacturing steps together in one place to increase efficiency. Federalism-The sharing of power between federal and statement Fugitive- runaway or trying to run away

8 G Greenback- a piece of U.S. paper money 1 st issued by the North during the Civil War Guerrilla Referring-To surprise attacks or raids rather the organized warfare. Global Warning- a steady increase in average world temperatures.

9 H Human rights- Rights regarded as belonging to all person such as freedom from unlaw imprisonment torture and execution. Henry, Patrick- “Give me Liberty or give me Death” Hamilton, Alexander- Secretary of the treasury.

10 I Import- To buy from foreign markets goods. Integrate-To end separation of different races and bring into equal membership on society. Internet-A world wide linking of computers networks.

11 J Judicial Branch- The branch of government, including the federal court system, that interprets the nation’s laws Judicial Review- The right of the supreme court to determine if a law violates the constitution. Jamestown-A colonist found in 1607 where plantation owners lived.

12 K Kansas Nebraska Act- Franklin pierce, A new Hampshire democrat who supported the fugitive slave act, become president in 1853 King, Martin Luther Jr.- A meeting to organize the boycott a young minister, Emerged as one of the leaders of the civil rights Kentucky-Western settlement the four new states Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Ohio

13 L Legislative Branch-The branch of government that maker the nation’s law. Loyalists- American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence. Literacy Test- A method used to prevent African Americans from voting by requiring prospective voters to read and write at a specified level.

14 M Manifest Destiny – The idea popular in the untied states during the 1800’s that the country must expand its boundaries to the pacific. Mayflower compact – A formal document, written in1620 that provided law and order to the plymount colony. Militia- A group of civilians trained to fight in emergencies.

15 N Neutral- Taking no sides in a conflict. Neutral Rights – the rights to sail the seas and not take sides in a war. Northwest passages-Water route to Asia through north American sought by European explorers.

16 O Ordinance-A new law or regulation. Offensive- Position of attacking or the attack itself. Override - To turn or defeat as a bill proposed in congress.

17 P Preamble- Introduction to a formal document that explain its purpose Plantation- A large estate run by an owner or manager and farmed by laborers who lived there. Pilgrims- Separatists who journeyed to the colonies during the 1600s for a religious purpose.

18 R Republic-A Republic is a Sovereign state in which all segments of society are enfranchised and in which the state’s power is constitutionally limited. Revenue- Incoming money Rebel- Confederate soldiers, so called because of opposition to the established government.

19 S Slavery- The Institution that supports the holding of human beings as property. Smuggling- Trading illegally with other nations Sale Tax- Taxes paid by the consumer on the godsend services people buy.

20 T Temperance- The use of little or no alcoholic drink. Triangular trade- A trade route that exchanged goods between the West indies, the American colonies and West Africa. Tariff- Tax on Foreign goods brought into a country. An official schedule of taxes imposed by a government on imports or exports

21 U Unalienable Right- Rights that cannot be given or taken away, that cannot be transferred to another. Underground Railroad- A system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the south to freedom in the north Unconstitutional- Not agreeing or consistent with the constitution

22 V Veto- To reject a bill and prevent it from becoming a law Vigilantes- People who take the law into their own hands Vertical Integration- The combining of companies that supply equipment and services needed for becoming a law.

23 W Writ of Assistance- Legal document that enabled officers to search homes and warehouses for good that might be smuggled Washington, George- First president, the Judiciary Act passed. Eli Whitney-The inventor started the use of Interchangeable Parts.

24 X XYZ Affair-Diplomatic scandal that almost caused another war, this one between the United States and France. France was, at the time, at war with Great Britain. A treaty between Britain and the U.S. failed to guarantee France the right to ship with the U.S. France sent to the United States three diplomats, thereafter named X, Y, and Z, with outrageous demands. The result was undeclared war between the two countries.

25 Y Yellow Journalism- A type of sensational, biased, and often false reporting. Yankee- Union Soldier. Yeoman- Southern owner of a small farm who did not have enslaved people.

26 Z Zinger, John Peter- He was an American printer, publisher, editor and journalist whose indictment, trial and acquittal on sedition and libel charges (against the then Governor William Cosby of the New York Colony) in 1734 was an important contributing factor to the development of the freedom of the press in America.

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