Presentation on theme: "Good Afternoon! I’m so pleased to join you today. I’m…"— Presentation transcript:
1Department of Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control New Employee Orientation Good Afternoon!I’m so pleased to join you today.I’m…I work in the Department of Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control.My title is Infection Control Practitioner and I’m also …I’ve worked at UCSF since…I’d like to welcome you to UCSF. It is a great place to work and grow your career.My job today is to get you acquainted with my department, where we are, what we do, why we do it and how you fit into all of it.Can I see a show of hands for the people who have direct patient care…Indirect patient care…work in waiting rooms or at front desks… Never are in contact with patients? OK for those of you who don’t have any contact with patients don’t fall asleep, the infection control principles apply to home life as well!
2Infection Control Contact InformationOffice350 Parnassus Ave, Suite 510Main Office Phone:Practitioner On-Call:WebsiteInfection Control Manual includes all IC policies and other relevant Infection Control related informationFirst thing – How do you contact Infection Control?The main Infection Control Office is located at: 350 Parnassus Ave. Not sure where that is? It is also known as the Starbucks building.Get a latte, come on up to the 5th floor and stop by.We can be reached during regular business hours by calling the main number or by the on call pager.Don’t worry, in the evening on weekends when you at work and need to know what type of precautions do you need for a patient being admitted with chickenpox. You simply have to go to the IC Website. (next slide)
3Infection Control Website There you will find the link for Isolation Precautions and then you will find the Isolation table listing all the diseases and the type of isolation precautions necessary. (next slide)
4Infection Control Website – Isolation Table For example you could scroll down on the isolation table to find chickenpox and see that the patient should be placed on airborne precautions and for how long. In this case until all lesions are crusted over.You will notice that the isolation types are hyperlinked and will bring you to specifics on each of those precautions.For example if you click on the “Contact Link” (next slide)
5Infection Control Website – Isolation Precaution Sign It will bring you to the precaution sign with information on what you need to remain safe. For Contact Isolation you would need to clean your hands, put on a gown and gloves prior to entering the patients room.
6Infection Control Website – IC Manual On the website is also the Infection Control Manual.The IC Manual is available on the Internet, not just internally at UCSF, so if you ever can’t sleep feel free to log on. You will find:Infection Control Policies include:Guidelines for isolation of patientsExposure control and follow-up plans for staffWork restriction policies for staffDust mitigation measures for constructionAll of the policies are based on recommendations and guidelines from:CDC RecommendationsOSHA (federal/state) & Title 22 (state) lawsThe Joint Commission (TJC) RequirementsCMS Conditions of ParticipationOther Professional Organization RecommendationsIf you work on a unit in the hospital you will notice that no food or drinks are allowed at the nurses station. This is not an arbitrary rule made up by infection control to by annoying. It is based on a regulation from OSHA to protect healthcare workers from blood borne pathogens.
7Infection Control Program: What is it and why have one? SurveillanceIdentify healthcare associated infections and report as required by lawPrevention and control of infections and infection risksProvide interventionsAssess effectiveness and modify as neededEducate staff about infection preventionResultA safer Medical Center communityImproved patient careWhat do we do in Infection Control?We do Surveillance – We identify healthcare associated infections and report them as required by law.We work to prevent these infections and decrease the risks. We do this by providing interventions, working with interdisciplinary teams on bundles and do education like I’m doing today.The result, hopefully will be a safer medical center community and have improved patient outcomes.
8The Patients We Serve… Acute care and tertiary referral center Immunocompromised patientsPremature infants=Majority of patients vulnerable to infectionsWho are the patients we serve?We are an Acute care and tertiary referral center which means we get the sickest of the sick referred to us.We do solid organ and blood and bone marrow transplants for adults and peds.We have a 51 bed intensive care nursery with the itty bitty babies with no real immune system.These patients need us to do our best to keep them free of diseases that they could acquire just from entering our doors.
9Standard PrecautionsStandard Precautions is the foundation of Infection Control at UCSFUsed for every patient, every encounterIntended for the protection of the patients and the health care workersPatients are AT RISK for infectionPatients can be THE SOURCE of infectionHow do we keep patients safe?Standard Precautions is the foundation of Infection Control at UCSFUsed for every patient, every encounterIntended for the protection of the patients and the health care workersPatients are AT RISK for infectionPatients can be THE SOURCE of infection
10Three major components: Standard PrecautionsThree major components:Hand hygieneProper use of personal protective equipmentThe 3 components of Standard precations are:Hand Hygiene before and after contact with a patient.Proper use of protective equipment based on the activity being preformed.Surface disinfection for all patient care items before and after use on a patient.Surface disinfection
11Oh, perhaps you have washed? Uh…Yes, perhaps we have.Uhhhh….RECENTLY!But when?For those of you around kids, your niece or nephew, or your own, You know that kids watch the same movie over and over again. Well on one such occasion, it was discovered that Snow White was the first cartoon Infection Control Practitioner invented in 1937 by Walt Disney.This is actual dialog from Snow White, and of course it is Doc who can’t quite decide on the right response to Snow White’s questions.Snow white says… (read slides)
12YES, RECENTLY!The problem is that when Doc gets it wrong, the whole team chimes in with the wrong answer!Even in 1937 it was tough to get Doc to wash his hand – in this case he had to be threatened with NO SUPPER! But we’re sure that if Doc and his colleagues know when they should wash up, they’ll be happy to comply. So, when is hand hygiene indicated?
13Indications for Hand Hygiene All personnel involved in direct patient care shall clean hands:At the beginning of workBefore and after patient contact, including dry skin contactBefore glovingAfter removing glovesBefore performing invasive proceduresBefore and after contact with woundsAfter contact with patients’ body substancesAfter handling equipment, supplies, or linen contaminated with body substancesBefore handling sterile or clean suppliesAfter using the restroomAfter touching or blowing your noseBefore leaving the unitAll personnel involved in direct patient care shall clean hands:At the beginning of workBefore and after patient contact, including dry skin contactBefore glovingAfter removing glovesBefore performing invasive proceduresBefore and after contact with woundsAfter contact with patients’ body substancesAfter handling equipment, supplies, or linen contaminated with body substancesBefore handling sterile or clean suppliesAfter using the restroomAfter touching or blowing your noseBefore leaving the unitThe ones in red will be 90% of the time.
14Indications for Hand Hygiene “Compliance” for IAP Goal based on observations of staff cleaning hands going into and coming out of rooms only.Goal is 85% compliance for 6 months before June 2012.Hand Hygiene is once again the IAP Goal for the Medical Center. We reached our goal in 2011 and we have already reached it in 2012.We have had over 85% compliance for 6 months.This is great that the Administration is behind this goal. But really we should be doing HH 100% of the time every month!
15No Hand Hygiene needed standing in the threshold DOOR SWEEP = thresholdNo Hand Hygiene needed standing in the thresholdHow do we know our HH compliance rates?We have HH observer. These are coworkers, managers, modified duty workers and even patients in some ambulatory care areas.We use the threshold as the indicator and there are different standards applied to different work groups.For example this picture shows the door sweep as the threshold. You can be in the door sweep and not need to have done HH, but once you go through the threshold you will need to do HH.In an ICU the sliding door is the threshold. So, know your areas threshold.
16Here we see the proper way to use the sanitizer on the hands Here we see the proper way to use the sanitizer on the hands. You will notice the attention given to the nails, inter-digital areas, and wrists. Pay attention to what you are doing. Also, don’t wash off the gel! It takes 15 to 30 seconds to be effective against most common bacteria and viruses.
17Which product should I use? USE SOAP AND WATER:When hands are visibly soiledBefore preparing or eating foodAfter using the restroomAfter caring for a patient who has C. difficileUSE SOAP AND WATER:When hands are visibly soiledBefore preparing or eating foodAfter using the restroomAfter caring for a patient who has C. difficileUse one pump of soap, lather well over your entire hands and your wrist and pat dry with paper towel trying not to decontaminate your hands on the dirty faucet handle or dirty door handle.
18Which product should I use? Alcohol hand sanitizerFor non visibly-soiled handsUse after removing glovesUse after dry skin contactQuick, effective, kind to skinMore effective than soap and water for killing bacteriaUse Alcohol hand sanitizerFor non visibly-soiled handsUse after removing glovesUse after dry skin contactCDC recommends HH with Alcohol-based hand sanitizer for three reasons:It is quick!It is more effective in decontaminating hands. Dead bugs don’t cause disease.It is easier on your hands than soap and since it has emollients.
19Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Better SAFE than SORRY: PPE is used to protect health care workers from exposure to microorganisms that affect our patientsWhether patient is on isolation precautions or not, PPE use is based on the behavior of the patient and the task to be performedGown and/or gloves for wound examination or dressing changesMask & eye protection when in close proximity to a coughing patientGown, glove and mask use all appropriate when performing a task that may generate aerosols (e.g. intubation, suctioning) or may result in contact with blood or body fluidGlove use is based on the task and the extent of anticipated contact with the patient or patient’s environmentDispose of PPE prior to leaving patient care areaThe 2nd component of Standard Precautions is: Personal Protective Equipment or (PPE)Better SAFE than SORRY: PPE is used to protect health care workers from exposure to microorganisms that affect our patientsWhether patient is on isolation precautions or not, PPE use is based on the behavior of the patient and the task to be performedMask with eye protection for coughing patientGown and gloves for dressing changes or examining a draining woundGown, gloves and mask with face shield when performing a task that may generate aerosols (suctioning, intubation) or may result in contact with blood or body fluids.Glove use is based on the task or the extent of anticipated contact with the patient or patient’s environment
20Surface DisinfectionAll patient care items and surfaces used for multiple patient contacts must be adequately surface disinfected between uses.Visible soiling must be removed.A hospital-approved detergent disinfectant must be applied and allowed to air dry before the next patient contact.Follow label directions for surface contact/air dry timeItems you carry with you and/or use frequently are also targets for surface disinfectionThe 3rd part of the Standard Precautions is to use: Surface Disinfection on all patient care items and surfaces used on multiple patients. They must be adequately surface disinfected between uses. Stethoscopes, wheelchairs, walkers, and blood pressure cuffs need to be disinfected after each use.Also, know that the objects you carry on your person like cell phones, pagers, pens are seldom cleaned. If you just preformed HH and are in a patients room and your pager goes off, you grab it to look at your page, now you have contaminated your hands and you need to do HH again.Use Sani-Clothes to disinfect these items. Sani-Cloths are available for all patient rooms, procedure rooms, common areas, or wherever necessary for the routine cleaning of patient care items. They can be ordered from Material Services anyone can use them to disinfect surfaces. Wear gloves when using them. These are heavy duty wipes for cleaning equipment, not your hands.
21Blood-borne pathogens Approximate risk of transmission following exposureHepatitis B – 6 – 30% depending on the hepatitis B e antigen status of the source individualHepatitis C –1.8% following needlestick or cut exposureHIV – 0.3% (percutaneous), 0.09% (mucous membrane)Following an exposure you shouldWash the area thoroughly with soap and waterReport the injury to the Needlestick HotlineInform your supervisorNeedlestick Hotline Pager 353-STICReport all needlesticks, lacerations and splashes24-hour confidential assessment/triage, counseling, testing, treatment and informationProphylaxis and/or treatment available following work related exposures to blood-borne pathogensExposure to Blood-borne pathogens is a risk of working in a hospital.You are more at risk from Hepatitis B then Hepatitis C or HIV from a needle stick. The good news here is that Hep B vaccines are available for all healthcare workers.If you are exposed to a blood-borne pathogen from a needle stic or a splash to a mucus membrane:First thing – thoroughly was area with soap and water if on skin, or if in your eye rinse with water for at least 10 minutes.Then report the injury to the Needlestick and Exposure Hotline: 353-STICThen inform your supervisor.The Hotline is staffed 24hrs a day and you will get a confidential assessment and triage, along with the next steps for testing and treatment.
22Occupational Health Issues Illness and Work RestrictionsFeel ill with fever, muscle aches, vomiting? Stay home from work!Upper respiratory symptoms that may be contagious? Stay home from work!Unexplained rash? Stay home from work!Infection Control Manual Section 3.2Policy regarding Employees with InfectionsTable of Illnesses and Related Work RestrictionsSome units have strict “no tolerance” policies for staff coming to work sick – during “flu” season, you may be sent home if you arrive at work with upper respiratory symptoms!Illness and Work RestrictionsFeel ill with fever, muscle aches, vomiting? Stay home from work!Upper respiratory symptoms that may be contagious? Stay home from work!GI symptoms (Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea) Stay home from work!Unexplained rash? To clarify I don’t mean if you have dermatitis normally and it is in the same spot as always. I mean if you have a new rash in a new location get it checked out. Stay home from work! It may be scabies and it could be very contagious.Don’t risk your co-workers health or the health of your patients.Infection Control Manual Section 3.2Policy regarding Employees with InfectionsTable of Illnesses and Related Work RestrictionsSome units have strict “no tolerance” policies for staff coming to work sick – during “flu” season, you may be sent home if you arrive at work with upper respiratory symptoms!
23Transmission-based Precautions Now we will move on to Transmission based precautions.Transmission based precautions used in addition to Standard Precautions for patients with documented or suspected infection.
24Transmission-based Precautions CONTACT PRECAUTIONSDraining woundsDiarrhea of unknown originC. difficile (soap and water hand hygiene required)rotavirusOther organisms at the discretion of Infection ControlGown and gloves required upon entrance to room ANDOther PPE as required by Standard PrecautionsUse CONTACT Isolations PRECAUTIONS for:Draining woundsDiarrhea of unknown originC. difficile (soap and water hand hygiene required)rotavirusOther organisms at the discretion of Infection ControlGown and gloves required upon entrance to room.Remember to take off your gown and gloves and throw them out prior to leaving the room.Then gel your hands or pt has C. diff you need to wash your hands with soap and water since the gel does not kill spores.Please note that at UCSF we don’t use contact precautions for MRSA or VRE, you may have other practices at other facilities.We trust you will use good Hand Hygiene to help prevent the spread.
25Transmission-based Precautions DROPLET PRECAUTIONSCoughing, sneezingRSVInfluenzaMeningococcal meningitisMask w/ eye shield required when entering room ANDOther PPE as required by Standard PrecautionsUse DROPLET Isolation PRECAUTIONS when pt’s are:Coughing, sneezingRSVInfluenzaMeningococcal meningitisThe “droplets” are larger particles that travel about 3 feet, land on surfaces and then those surfaces are then infectious and able to transmit the organism.Upon entering the room you are required to wear a mask with eye protection (either a eye shield or googles).Prescription glasses are not proper eye protection.The eye shields protects your mucous membranes from getting infected.
26Transmission-based Precautions AIRBORNE PRECAUTIONSChickenpoxDisseminated Varicella (Herpes) zosterM. tuberculosis (TB), suspected or confirmedNegative pressure room required, door closedFit tested n-95 respirator or PAPR required to enter room ANDOther PPE as required by Standard PrecautionsUse AIRBORNE Isolation PRECAUTIONS with:ChickenpoxDisseminated Varicella (Herpes) zosterM. tuberculosis (TB), suspected or confirmedThese are very small particles suspended in the air.If you work in a patient care area, you will be Fit tested for a N-95 mask and your are required to use the correct size.If you can’t wear an N-95 mask you will need to wear a PAPR (a Powered Air Purifying Respirator).An Engineering control is the use of a Negative pressure room. When you open the door the air from the hallway goes into the room and the room air goes to an outside vent. So keep the door closed.Please note that this is the only PPE you leave on until you exit the room. Don’t walk around the halls with the mask around your neck or save it for later. Throw them out after each use.
27Tuberculosis Transmission by inhalation Must have active pulmonary disease to transmitClassic SymptomsProlonged productive cough lasting > 3 weeksCoughing up bloodWeaknessWeight lossNight sweatsPPD Skin Test Annually (for patient care areas)PPD is a test for EXPOSURE (latent TB)90% of PPD positive persons do NOT develop active TBLet’s talk about Tuberculosis – this isTransmission by inhalationMust have active pulmonary disease to transmitClassic SymptomsProlonged productive cough lasting > 3 weeksCoughing up bloodWeaknessWeight lossNight sweatsPPD Skin Test Annually (for patient care areas)PPD is a test for EXPOSURE (latent TB)90% of PPD positive persons do NOT develop active TBIt is not easy to contract active TB in a hospital setting. Takes prolonged exposure or very direct exposure during a high hazard procedure like suctioning.If you are exposed to a patient or co-worker with TB, exposure follow-up is conducted by Infection Control in conjunction with Employee Health and the SF Department of Public Health.
28A parting thought…This is the amusing part of the presentation…
29Respiratory Etiquette In waiting areas:Provide tissues and no touch receptacles for disposalProvide alcohol gel and make sure that appropriate supplies are always available in hand washing areasOffer masks to coughing patients; place immediately in exam rooms if possiblePerform hand hygiene after contact with respiratory secretions and contaminated objectsFor any of you that work in a reception area or are front desk staff –In waiting areas:Provide tissues and no touch receptacles for disposalProvide alcohol gel in washing areasOffer masks to coughing patients; place immediately in exam rooms if possiblePerform hand hygiene after contact with respiratory secretions and contaminated objects
30The future of Infection Control technology… coming your way soon!The most effective way to help people clean their hands has not yet been put into practice, but this might be it!