Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Infection Control. Presentation Objectives  To understand the basics of infections  To be aware of routine practices  To know when to implement transmission-based.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Infection Control. Presentation Objectives  To understand the basics of infections  To be aware of routine practices  To know when to implement transmission-based."— Presentation transcript:

1 Infection Control

2 Presentation Objectives  To understand the basics of infections  To be aware of routine practices  To know when to implement transmission-based precautions:  Contact precautions  Droplet precautions  Airborne precautions  To identify the importance of cleaning requirements  To be aware of self screening protocols

3 Infections: The Basics  Causative agent (What causes the infection)  Susceptible host (Where the infection survives)  Mode of transmission (How it gets there)

4 Routine Practices Consists of:  Minimum standards to use for all resident contact  Protect residents, staff and visitors  Protect self if there is a chance of exposure to blood, body fluids, excretions or secretions.

5 HANDWASHING is the Single most effective method in Preventing the Spread of Infection

6

7 The Hand Washing Process:  Friction during hand scrubbing opens pores and loosens germs  Wash for at least 20 seconds (Happy Birthday X 2)  Use warm water to loosen germs better  Wash often  Don’t re-contaminate your hands  Use Alcohol gel when hand washing is not possible Routine Practices – Hand Washing

8 Hand Washing - When? Hand washing should be performed:  At the start and finish of cleaning procedures  After touching any blood, body fluid, excretion or secretion  After removing a pair of gloves and before wearing a pair of new gloves  Before and after contact with residents or their environment  Between tasks/procedures on the same resident

9 Routine Practices - Personal Protection Use of personal protective equipment is driven by:  Symptoms  Home Procedures

10 Routine Practices - Gloves  Use for touching blood, body fluids, contaminated items, mucous membranes and non-intact skin  Task specific  Avoid contaminating the environment  Perform hand hygiene after removal

11 Routine Practices - Gloves  NEVER substitute gloves for hand washing  Gloves need to be changed between residents if delivering care (with hand washing in between)  Gloves need to be changed between activities for the same resident if contaminated  Gloves need to be worn if the staff has open lesions on their hands

12 Routine Practices - Gloves  Non-sterile gloves such as household rubber gloves should be worn for all cleaning procedures  They must be washed and disinfected prior to reuse and after contact with heavily contaminated surfaces or items  Disposable gloves should be changed:  Between cleaning resident rooms  If torn, punctured, cut or any evidence of deterioration

13 Routine Practices - Masks & Protective Eye Wear  Use for procedures that may generate splashes or sprays of blood, body fluids, secretions or excretions  When caring for coughing/febrile clients

14 Routine Practices - Gowns  Use to prevent soiling of clothes  Not needed for all care but should be used during procedures and activities likely to generate splashes or sprays of blood, body fluids, excretions or secretions.

15 Routine Practices - Handling Sharps  Sharps: Put them in their place! (razors, broken glass, needles etc)  Never ever re-cap needles

16 Routine Practices - Personal Care Supplies and Equipment  Personal care supplies should not be shared between residents  Creams  Lotions  Soaps  Razors  Equipment should be cleaned before use in the care of another resident

17 Transmission Based Precautions  Certain pathogens require additional precautions.  Based on mode of transmission  Used in addition to routine practices

18 Airborne Precaution  Single room, negative pressure  N95 mask (fit tested)  Limit number of people entering the room  Resident should be out of the room for essential purposes only and should wear a surgical/procedure mask  Examples include: Tuberculosis or Chicken pox

19 Routine Precautions - Droplet  Reduce the risk of transmission of large droplets greater than 5 microns in size  Larger droplets do not remain suspended in the air  Surgical masks use within 1 meter of the resident  Examples: Influenza, Pertussis, Mumps

20 Spray Spreads!

21 Droplet Precautions  Limit number of people entering the room  Resident should wear a surgical/procedure mask when outside of their room  Gloves, mask, eye protection, gown and hand hygiene  Examples: Viral respiratory infections, such as Influenza

22 Contact Precautions  Used for residents known to have an infection that is transmitted by direct contact with the client or their environment  Used if there is potential for widespread environmental contamination. Typically:  Fecal incontinence (uncontrolled diarrhea)  Uncontained wound drainage  Influenza (with droplet precautions) or any uncontrolled respiratory secretions  Skin rash compatible with scabies

23 Contact Precautions  Use of gown and gloves  Single room (if possible)  Dedicated equipment  Communication is key

24 Cleaning  Cleaning is the physical removal of dirt and debris using water and detergent  Disinfectants kill germs  There are policies that identify routine cleaning schedules as well as special cleaning needs/procedures of specific departments, types of surfaces and types of germ/pathogens

25 Self Screening  Everyone SELF SCREENS upon entry to the home  Anyone who fails must be restricted Staff should not come to work if unwell  Diarrhea or vomiting: return to work 48 hours after last symptom  Fever: do not come into work until you are fever free  Sore throat, sneezing and coughing: see your Infection Control Practitioner for direction. (They may direct you to wear a mask)

26 Summary  Routine practices will protect you and your residents  PPE use guided by: symptoms and procedures and mode of transmission (if known)  Use resources available to you: Infection Control Practitioner Hand hygiene is the most important way to prevent the spread of infection

27 What Is Wrong With This Picture?

28

29


Download ppt "Infection Control. Presentation Objectives  To understand the basics of infections  To be aware of routine practices  To know when to implement transmission-based."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google