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The Moon Festival.  The Moon Festival (“Zhong Qiu Jie”—— 中秋节 ), is also known as the Mid-Autumn Festival, is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month.

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Presentation on theme: "The Moon Festival.  The Moon Festival (“Zhong Qiu Jie”—— 中秋节 ), is also known as the Mid-Autumn Festival, is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Moon Festival

2  The Moon Festival (“Zhong Qiu Jie”—— 中秋节 ), is also known as the Mid-Autumn Festival, is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar.  On the evening of the Moon Festival, the moon is at its largest and brightest.  The full moon symbolizes abundance, harmony and luck. The Moon Festival

3  3 main reasons for celebrating the Moon Festival  Gathering: Family members and loved come together and enjoy the full moon. Those who can not return home watch the bright moonlight and feel deep longing for their loved ones.  Thanksgiving: A chance to be thankful for family and friends and the year’s harvest.  Praying: Prayers for good fortune and romance. What is the Moon Festival about

4  Today, festivities centered around the Moon Festival are more varied. After a family reunion dinner, many people like to go out to attend special performances in parks and public squares. Celebrating the Moon Festival

5  People in different parts of China have different ways of celebrating the Moon Festival.  In Guangzhou (Southern China), a huge lantern show is a big attraction for local citizens.  Thousands of various shaped lanterns are lit, forming a fantastic contrast with the bright moonlight. Celebrating in China

6  In East China's Zhejiang Province, crowds gather to watch the flood tide of the Qian-tang River during the Mid-Autumn Festival  The flood tide that forms at the narrow mouth of the Qian-tang river is particularly impressive.  This spectacle not only attracts locals but also those from other parts of the country. Watching Flood Tide

7  In the 14th century, the eating of moon cakes at Mid-Autumn Festival was given a new significance.  Zhu Yuan Zhang was plotting to overthrow the Yuan Dynasty started by the Mongolians  The rebels hid their messages in the Mid-Autumn moon-cakes.  Mid-Autumn Festival is hence also a commemoration of the overthrow of the Mongolians by the Han people. Story of Eating Moon Cake at the Festival

8  Moon Cakes are synonymous with the Moon Festival  They come in various flavours, shapes and sizes. Usually they measuring three inches in diameter and one and a half inches in thickness.  The main ingredients are: melon seeds, lotus seeds, almonds, minced meats, bean paste, orange peels.  Some fillings include a golden yolk from a salted duck egg in the center About the Moon Cake

9  Chinese characters stamped on top of the moon cake indicate the name of the bakery and the type of filling.  Traditionally, thirteen moon cakes were piled in a pyramid to symbolize the thirteen moons of a “complete year”, that is, twelve moons plus one intercalary moon.  Nowadays, they are usually presented in boxes of four which indicate the four phases of the moon. About the Moon Cake

10  This day is also considered a harvest festival since fruits, vegetables and grain had been harvested.  Food offerings are placed on an altar set up in the courtyard. Fruits offered may include: apples, pears, peaches, grapes, pomegranates melons, oranges and pomelos.  Special foods inclulde cooked taro and water caltrop, a type of water chestnut resembling black buffalo horns.  Taro holds a special significance because at the time of creation, taro was the first food discovered at night in the moonlight. What Else to Eat at the Festival

11  The Moon Festival is also celebrated in  Korea  Japan  Vietnam. Celebrating in Other Countries

12  In Korea, it is called “Ch’usok”.  A 3-day holiday where families return to their hometown to thank their ancestors for the good harvest.  Various folk games are played which vary region to region.  Traditional foods include:  Songpyeon (half moon shaped rice cakes in various flavors)  Hangwa (An artistic food decorated with natural colors made with rice flour, honey, fruit, and roots) Moon Festival in Korea

13  In Japan, it is called Tsukimi or otsumiki (moon viewing).  It is a quieter celebration and this tradition was introduced by the Chinese over 1000 years ago.  Also holds the meaning of celebrating the autumn harvest.  The celebration includes eating rice dumplings called "tsukimi dango.”  As an offering to the moon, dumplings and taro potatoes placed in an alter. In Japan

14  In Vietnam, it is called “Tet Trung-Thu”.  Emphasis on celebration of children.  Children join parades holding lanterns and wearing masks.  Lanterns signify a wish for the sun’s light and warmth to return.  Special foods include: cakes and fruits elaborately prepared as food displays. In Vietnam

15  The Moon Festival is a celebration of harvest, abundance and family unity.  It is one of the most widespread and popular holidays after the New Year.  So get ready to eat mooncakes, rice cakes, dance and make paper lanterns  Let's celebrate! The Moon Festival is one of the most widespread and popular holidays


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