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The U.S. Constitution and Civil Rights: The Civil Rights Movement- How did we get here?

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Presentation on theme: "The U.S. Constitution and Civil Rights: The Civil Rights Movement- How did we get here?"— Presentation transcript:

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2 The U.S. Constitution and Civil Rights: The Civil Rights Movement- How did we get here?

3 California Content Standard Students analyze the development of federal civil rights and voting rights Analyze the ffects of civil rights and voting rights legislation (e.g., 1964 Civil Rights Act, Voting Rights Act of 1965) and the Twenty-Fourth Amendment, with an emphasis on equality of access to education and to the political process.

4 Lesson Objectives Students will be able to: * compare and contrast the conditions in which African Americans lived before and after the 13 th, 14 th, and 15 th amendments. * identify the setbacks to reconstruction efforts * evaluate the purpose of the U.S. Constitution * examine how the conditions for African Americans in the U.S. lead to the Civil Rights movement

5 Constitutional Changes Under Reconstruction Thirteen Amendment (1865) Slavery and Involuntary Servitude Section 1: Outlawing Slavery- neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been dully convicted, shall exist within the U.S., or any place subject to their jurisdiction Section 2: Enforcement- Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation

6 Thirteen Amendment (1865) Slavery and Involuntary Servitude Before After

7 Constitutional Changes Under Reconstruction Fourteenth Amendment (1868) Rights of Citizens Section 1: Citizenship- All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileged or immunities of citizens of the United States ; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

8 Fourteenth Amendment (1868) Rights of Citizens BeforeAfter

9 Constitutional Changes Under Reconstruction Fifteenth Amendment (1870) Right to Vote- Race, Color, Servitude Section 1: Extending the Right to Vote- The right of citizens of the U.S. to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. Section 2: Enforcement- The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

10 Fifteenth Amendment (1870) Right to Vote-Race, Color, Servitude BeforeAfter

11 Reconstruction Backlash/Results 13 th Amendment- Slavery *Continual poverty for African Ams. *Share Cropping, tenant farming *limited opportunities

12 Reconstruction Backlash/Results 14 th Amendment-Rights of Citizen *Jim Crow laws- superior/inferior, societal norms *Plessy v. Ferguson legalizes “separate but equal” *Growth of the KKK- terrorism

13 Reconstruction Backlash/Results 15 th Amendment- Right to Vote *Voting Restrictions 1.poll tax- fee to vote 2. literacy tests- designed to keep African Ams. from voting 3. grandfather clause

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15 Before the Civil Rights Movement the U.S. looked like this…

16 Quick Write Prompt How effective were the constitutional changes made under reconstruction? How did the conditions in which African Americans lived elicit the need for a Civil Rights movement?


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