Presentation on theme: "Context Clues A most important skill to master! The 6 types of Clues PAGERS= Mnemonics (Memory) Device P=punctuationA=antonym G=general sense E=example."— Presentation transcript:
Eluded? The thief had eluded the police by hiding in the grave yard. They could not find him!
There are 6 types of Context Clues: Punctuation Antonyms General Sense of the Passage Example and Definition Roots, prefixes and suffixes Synonyms
Nuptials (weddings) vary from culture to culture. Nuptials ??
Punctuation Parenthesis: The lair, ( habitat), of the wolf was underground. Comma, or________, He was bloviating, or lecturing, That is, ____ She was ready, that is, prepared for the test. Dashes – She was superflous – unnecessary to him.
Punctuation Watch for authors to use punctuation to give you the meaning of the word!
Jack was a mediocre, or average, student in all of his subjects. He never did more than what was required. Mediocre? Notice the, or, pattern?
Mario was apprehensive, or fearful, of the upcoming test. Apprehensive? (, or,) (, or,)
It is hard to believe that my millionaire cousin was once indigent, that is, so poor he lived on the streets. Indigent?, that is, poor, that is, poor
2. Antonyms An Antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word.
Antonyms Antonyms are often signaled by words such as however, but, yet, on the other hand, and in contrast. in contrast.
Antonym Religions in America are not static; but changing, especially in this period of shifting values. Static? Changing
Antonym In formal communication, be sure to avoid obscure language. Clear language prevents misinterpretation. Obscure? Clear!
While houses and antiques often increase in value, most things such as cars and TV’s depreciate. Increase in Value? Depreciate
3. Example and definition Examples help suggest the meaning of an unknown word or definition.
Example The adverse effects of this drug, including dizziness, nausea, and headaches, have caused it to be withdrawn from the market. The adverse effects of this drug, including dizziness, nausea, and headaches, have caused it to be withdrawn from the market.
While Irma’s house is decorated plainly, her clothing is very flamboyant! Flamboyant?
General Sense Despite complaints from parents, educators, and government officials, violence and sex on television goes on unabated.
Unabated? Not stopping Unable to be stopped Not changing
Today was a day of turmoil at work-the phones were constantly ringing, people were running back and forth, and several offices were being painted. Turmoil?
Synonym = A synonym is a word that means the same or almost the same as the unknown word.
All four individuals in the quartet wore red jackets! Synonym?
Synonym The doctor assuaged the patient with medicine to soothe the pain and she rested quietly. Assuage?Soothe!
Synonym Speaking in front of a class disconcerts Juan. Even answering questions embarrasses him. Disconcerts? Disconcerts? Embarrasses! Embarrasses!
Synonym The earthquake was a calamity! It created huge difficulties and distress for the victims! Calamity? Huge distress!
Synonyms can be swapped for the word they explain.
Managers should be careful not to have opponents work together; adversaries often do not cooperate well. Managers should be careful not to have adversaries work together; opponents often do not cooperate well.
What if there are no context clues? Keep reading! Guess at the meaning! Use a dictionary!