Presentation on theme: "Farmers Unite In the late 1800’s a vicious economic cycle was especially harmful to farmers. Prices for their products was falling while the cost of seeds."— Presentation transcript:
Farmers Unite In the late 1800’s a vicious economic cycle was especially harmful to farmers. Prices for their products was falling while the cost of seeds and tools was increasing Banks were foreclosing on farms when loans went unpaid Railroads were charging excessive rates for transporting farm goods to markets
“United by the strong and faithful tie of Agriculture, we mutually resolve to labor for the good of our Order, our country, and mankind.” —1874 Declaration of Purposes of the National Grange “Choke monopolies, break up rings, vote for honest men, fear God and make money. So shalt thou prosper and sorrow and hard times shall flee away.” —“The Ten Commandments of the Grange,”
The Grange Movement First organized in the 1870s in the Midwest, the south, and Texas. Set up cooperative associations. Social and educational components. Succeeded in lobbying for “Granger Laws.” Rapidly declined by the late 1870s.
The Farmers Alliances Begun in the late 1880s (Texas first the Southern Alliance; then in the Midwest the Northern Alliance). Built upon the ashes of the Grange. More political and less social than the Grange. Ran candidates for office. Controlled 8 state legislatures & had 47 representatives in Congress during the 1890s.
What was the nature of the discrimination endured by African-Americans after Reconstruction?
A goal of the Granger and Populist movements was to 1. expand rights for African Americans 2. help western farmers fight unjust economic practices 3. provide support for the banking industry 4. enable big business to expand without government interference
A main goal of the Granger movement of the 1870’s and 1880’s was to 1. force the railroads to lower freight rates 2. reduce the rate of inflation 3. strengthen labor unions 4. improve living conditions in urban slums
African American Leaders W. E. B. DuBois W. E. B. DuBois –Said African Americans could regain civil rights & achieve full equality by demanding their rights! Booker T. Washington Booker T. Washington –Said African Americans should concentrate on achieving economic goals rather than legal/political ones –Urged African Americans to postpone the fight for civil rights & instead concentrate on preparing themselves educationally & vocationally for full equality DuBois Washington
TUSKEGEE INSTITUTE Booker T. Washington one of the black leaders Booker T. Washington one of the black leaders Focused on agricultural and industrial training Focused on agricultural and industrial training NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People W.E.B. Dubois was one of the founders W.E.B. Dubois was one of the founders Battled discrimination and hatred towards blacks Battled discrimination and hatred towards blacks
Progressivism A collection of different ideas & activities designed to fix problems in American society A collection of different ideas & activities designed to fix problems in American society Believed industrialism & urbanization had created many social problems Believed industrialism & urbanization had created many social problems Wanted govt. to take a more active role in solving society’s problems Wanted govt. to take a more active role in solving society’s problems
Ida B. Wells “Anti-Lynching Muckraker”
Muckrakers *journalists who investigated social conditions & political corruption Upton Sinclair- The Jungle (meat packing industry problems) Upton Sinclair- The Jungle (meat packing industry problems) Ida Tarbell- critical of the Standard Oil Co. Ida Tarbell- critical of the Standard Oil Co. Jacob Riis- How the Other Half Lives (described the poverty, disease, and crime in NYC) Jacob Riis- How the Other Half Lives (described the poverty, disease, and crime in NYC)
Govt. Reforms 1. Direct Primary- all party members could vote for a candidate to run in the general election 2. Initiative- allowed a group of citizens to introduce legislation & required the legislature to vote on it 3. Referendum- allowed proposed legislation to be submitted to the voters for approval 4. Recall- allowed voters to demand a special election to remove an elected official from office before his/her term had expired 5. Direct election of senators- by state voters (17 th amendment)
Social Welfare Reforms Child Labor Child Labor – mil. under 16 worked outside the home –Laws passed limited the age a child could start working Health/Safety Codes Health/Safety Codes –Building codes –Worker’s compensation –Zoning laws Prohibition Prohibition –Many progressives believed alcohol was responsible for many problems –Temperance Mvmt.- advocated the moderation or elimination of alcohol
This week’s agenda… Tonight’s HW: – Take notes on pgs – Complete Ch 16 Sec 3 and 4 Worksheet Iron Jawed Angels (Extra Credit Movie) is tonight!!! Quiz tomorrow!! (Progressive Movement) 1.I will review Thematic 1.Essay after the quiz
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire, NYC, March 25, 1911 Web Link Cornell SiteSite: Garment Work and Protest Before Fire 146 NYC garment workers, mostly young women, died during fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
Many women jumped from windows when they could not escape through locked fire escapes.
NYC morgue was too small to hold all of the victims, so temporary morgue was set up at a city pier. Family filed past victims to identify them.
Suffrage Movement *suffrage- right to vote began before the progressive mvmt began before the progressive mvmt. Felt 14 th & 15 th amendments should be worded to include women Felt 14 th & 15 th amendments should be worded to include women
Suffrage Movement National Women Suffrage Association National Women Suffrage Association –Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Susan B. Anthony –Focus on passing a constitutional amendment allowing woman suffrage American Woman Suffrage Association American Woman Suffrage Association –Lucy Stone & Julia Ward Howe –Strategy- convince state govt.’s to give women the right to vote before trying to amend the Constitution National American Woman Suffrage Association (1890) National American Woman Suffrage Association (1890) –Helped by Alice Paul & Carrie Chapman Catt –1912- WA, OR, CA, AZ, KS granted full voting rights –Nineteenth Amendment (1920)- gave women the right to vote