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Payloads and Sensors Team 15-18 January 2002. ONE.007-2 Rules of Engagement  We Are Time Constrained (35 Days Left in the Study)  Focus on Military.

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Presentation on theme: "Payloads and Sensors Team 15-18 January 2002. ONE.007-2 Rules of Engagement  We Are Time Constrained (35 Days Left in the Study)  Focus on Military."— Presentation transcript:

1 Payloads and Sensors Team January 2002

2 ONE Rules of Engagement  We Are Time Constrained (35 Days Left in the Study)  Focus on Military Utility—There is NO Business Case for MSP  This is NOT EELV—We Aren’t Competing for Business  This is a Joint Warfighting System  This is Warfighting 101--Think Like a Warfighter (Dead Targets are the Product)  What’s the Threat?  What Effect Can I Create in Battle?  This IS a Real Coercive Spacepower System  Take the Initiative to Get the Information We Need to Be Thorough  Major Chris Kinnan: Cell is or Work at is

3 ONE mm Cannon Sidewinder AAM Pilot APG-65 Radar Original F-16 Had a Limited Mission Original F-16 was designed for an important, but limited role as an air-to-air fighter aircraft only

4 ONE F-16 Capabilities—Extended Significantly New Capabilities Continue to be Developed...

5 ONE Military Spaceplane Priorities  Precision Strike  Find  Fix  Track  Target  Engage  Assess  Space Superiority  ISR Enhancement  Spacelift Predictive Battespace Awareness Combat Identification Precision Engagement-Maneuver Combat Effectiveness Assessment

6 ONE Team Focus  MSP Priorities Are Precision Strike, Space Superiority, ISR Enhancement and Space Support—We Are a Combat System First  Threat Analysis Team  GSTF Space Requirements Based on DIA Threat Assessment of Anti-access Threats  Military Utility Team  Apportionment of Specialized Sensors (e.g. HSI, MSI, EO, IR, UV etc.) and Payloads (e.g. CAV with LOCASS, Unitary Penetrator, etc.)  Assist ACC in Preparing a Comprehensive GSTF CONOPS  Survey Team  Given Operationally Responsive Spacelift... Develop a Comprehensive List of Industry, DoD and National Community Sensors and Payloads in 2007, 2012 and beyond  Determine When the Technologies Mature  Determine What Other Areas Must be Addressed if ORS and Responsive Sensors are Available (e.g. TPED, Bandwidth, Architecture, etc)

7 ONE Deliverables  Threat Team  2010 Threat Analysis  RT2 and RT4 Scenario  Military Utility Team  Propose Base, Enhanced and Execution Force Structure  Combat Space Force Apportionment and Allocation  Joint Fight Phasing  Survey Team  Populated Matrix  Questions That Must be Answered

8 MSP 2010 Generating and Executing Coercive Spacepower

9 ONE RLV Utility  National Security Sector  Implements QDR “transformation” and “space control” themes  Space Commission objectives for RLV: short-notice call-up & lower cost  Enables prompt global strike and ISR augmentation from space  Enables “launch on demand” to augment, replenish, project, deploy and sustain U.S. space force structure  Civil Sector--NASA  Improves safety, reliability, availability, and lower cost compared to Shuttle  Allows development paths for ISS crew rescue, other future missions  U.S. Commercial Space Sector  Enhances international competitiveness  Stimulates U.S. space industrial base  Enables revolution in space business— new markets, elastic demand  Improves reliability, availability, flexibility—keys to launcher selection  Aligns mission planning lead time with satellite manufacturing in <24 months  All Sectors  Enables new approaches to satellite design and constellation management  On-orbit refueling could extend satellite operating life, improve maneuverability  Enables technology insertion during operating life of a satellite block  Reusable satellites could cost up to 2/3 less* to build, insure, and operate * 1998 NSSA Launch on Demand Study

10 ONE Assumptions  Anti-Access  Political—Overflight and Troop Footprint Limitations; Restricted LOCs, SPODs and APODs; Geographical Barriers; Limited Forward Operating Bases  Military—WMD/WME, Long Range SAMS w/Enhanced IADS, Cruise Missiles, Short to Intermediate Range Missiles  Space  Limited Number of Quick Response Payloads—Available for Use on Second Pass  Political—Space Sanctuary Policy Restrictions, Consortia and Multi-national Space Dependence Sensitivities  Military—Proliferation of Commercial Ultra High Resolution Imagery, CNO, Jammers, RFI Weapons, Laser Dazzlers and Limited Numbers of ASATs  Tasking, Processing, Exploitation and Dissemination  Communications Infrastructure Exists to Provide Space and UAV Imagery to AOCs and Cockpits  Improved Data Fusion Capability

11 ONE Joint Warfighting Challenges  Precision Strike Payloads Against:  Anti-access Threats  Enemy Air Defenses  C2 Nodes  Leadership  Hard and Deeply Buried Targets (HDBT)  WMD and WME  Other Time critical targets  ISR  Combat identification (Pre-, Trans-Hostilities, Emerging Threats)  Predictive Battlespace awareness  Battle Damage Assessment  Cross Cueing of Space and Terrestrial Platforms and Sensors  Combat Search and Rescue

12 ONE JWCA Precision Engagement Shortfalls  Responsiveness  (Re) Tasking  Processing (Fusion)  Exploration  Dissemination  Connectivity  Need More Networked Systems  ONA / IPB  Sensor Capabilities  Combat Identification  Adverse Weather  Defeat Countermeasures  Predict/Maintain Target Track  Determine Effects  Broad Area Search  Responsiveness  Decision Process / Time  Weapons Tasking  TTP  Connectivity  Enhanced Joint C2  Networked Operations  Consistent Relevant Operational Picture  Multi-Nation / Coalition Operations  Bandwidth  Effects Assessment Capabilities and Procedures  Responsiveness  Cross Component Coordination  Mission Planning  Flight Time  Connectivity  Survivability  Accuracy  Non-Lethal Capabilities  Affordability INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS BATTLE MANAGEMENTATTACK EXECUTION Source: DoD Precision Engagement Strategic Study

13 ONE ACC GSTF Requirements  Integrate MSP Into CAOC Tasking Cycle  Deliver Munitions  250 lb – 2000 lb GP Warheads  CAV  Guided Munitions  Cluster Munitions  Directed Energy  All Weather, Precision Attack Capable (GPS Independent/Dependent)  Precision Weapon CEP (<3 m) PAYLOAD REQUIREMENTS  Integrate MSP Into CAOC Tasking Cycle  IMINT  Combat Identification (NIIRS 4-6)  Rapid Retarget/Restrike (NIIRS 6-7)  Continuous 24/7 Surveillance  All Weather  EO, IR, SAR, HIS, SIGINT, MASINT SENSOR REQUIREMENTS SIGINT Multi-Spectral Camera Syntetic Aperture Radar (SAR/MTI)

14 ONE Future Space Warfare  Space basing advantages  Reduced crisis-reaction timelines -- Schriever 2001 results  Situational awareness cueing and support  Persistent presence  Defeat anti-access threat – overflight advantage  Enabler for operations  Enablers  Responsive space access (Military Spaceplane)  GMTI/AMTI (Space-Based Radar)  Multi-phenomenology Vigilance, Reach, and Power

15 ONE Key Roles for MSP  Deterrence, Presence, Power Projection and Coercion  Space Superiority  Theater Integration  Enhanced ISR for Full Spectrum Predictive Battlespace Awareness  Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses (SEAD)  Rapid Strike -- Adversary Vital Interests  Halt Phase Precision Strike for Global Strike Task Force  Enable and Support Combat Search and Rescue Operations  Support Homeland Defense Globally Integrated Air and Space Striking Power

16 ONE MSP Operational Tasks  Conduct Offensive and Defensive Counterspace Operations  Radio Frequency and Microwave Systems  Jamming  Deploy Systems for and Conduct Operations to Provide  Space Situational Awareness  Reachback and Covert Communications  Tactical Reconnaissance  Battle Management and Intercept (GMTI and AMTI)  Immediate and Post-strike Battle Damage Assessment  Deliver Decisive Precision Firepower  Covert and Non-nuclear strike (Immediate Response Option)  Halt Phase  Time Critical and Hardened Targets

17 ONE Generating Space Power OPERATIONS Space Superiority Full Force Theater C2 Responsive ISR Global Strike Operations Satellite Constellation Reconstitution ALERT ORDER Generate Sorties, Conduct Mission Planning and Schedule ATO Sorties Pre-position Payloads and Protection Assets Deploy Payloads as Required Confirm OPCON and TACON WARNING ORDER Complete All MSP Maintenance Ready Quick-Launch and Strike Sorties Deploy Additional Payloads Recover and Replace Orbiting Systems as Required EXECUTION ORDER Recover and Replace Orbiting Systems On-demand Augmentation Maintain Sortie Turn Rate to Meet ATO Commitments

18 ONE Strategic Space Long duration, global mission Responsiveness limited by fixed orbits and strategic tasking Limited ability to replenish Limited data direct to theater No upgrades Crewed Aircraft May require some air superiority Significant forward support req’d Somewhat limited coverage area Highly responsive once deployed Upgrade-able Forward support req’d Limited area coverage Highly responsive once deployed Upgrade-able Area of Interest Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) Base Force

19 ONE Area of Interest Augmentation Launched on need into tailored orbits Mission-specific payloads (augment or replenish) Direct tasking from theater (assured data receipt) Upgrade-able until launched Possibly recoverable or reusable Enhanced and Execution Force

20 ONE Space Combat Power

21 ONE Military Spaceplane Combat Operations

22 ONE Navigation Pre-Conflict GSTF Components Communications Surge ISR Warning

23 ONE Military Spaceplane Combat Operations

24 ONE Navigation Conflict GSTF Components Space Superiority Strike NavWar Secure Comms Precision Strike Space/air/ground-launched CAV ISR

25 ONE Military Spaceplane Combat Operations

26 ONE BDA GSTF Components Rapid Force Reconstitution ISR (BDA/PBA) Full force C2 Reconstitution

27 ONE Sustained Operations Full force C2 Strike

28 ONE Military Spaceplane Combat Operations

29 ONE Military Spaceplane Combat Operations

30 Sources Driving Requirements for Force Transformation Deriving the MSP Combat Niche

31 ONE Achieving Information and Decision Superiority  Forces that Operate with the Capability to:  Operate Inside the Adversary’s Decision Cycle  Combine Both Precision and Speed  Respond Rapidly and Potently to the Full Range of Contingencies  Are Parallel, Continuous and Seamless Rather Than Sequential, Scheduled and Segmented  Match Tactical Actions to Strategic and Operational Ends  Critical Elements  Command and Control  Information and Communications  Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance  Information Operations Source: QDR Transformation Study Report, 27 April 2001

32 ONE Information and Decision Superiority  Key Operational Capabilities  Cohesive, Always Available, Joint C2 System  People, Networks and Decision Tools  Rapid Decisive Ops w/Distributed Joint Forces  Full Spectrum Operations  Enabling Capabilities  Joint Rather Than Service Headquarters  Standards of Readiness, Response and Performance  Integrated Planning, Execution and Assessment  Implement Family of Interoperable Operating Pictures  Web-based, Robust, Wide-band, Ubiquitous Networks  Integrated Space-based Capabilities and Airborne Relay Providing Global Reach  Passive, Flexible Tactical Entry Portal into the Network  Accelerate Fielding of Joint Airborne Communications Relays for Tactical and Ground-Air-Space Connectivity  Develop and Field National EHF and Laser SATCOM Systems Source: QDR Transformation Study Report, 27 April 2001

33 ONE Information and Decision Superiority  Key Operational Capabilities  Engagement Quality, Shared, Comprehensive, Dynamic Depiction of the Entire Battle Space  Shape the Battle  Engage Targets  Sensor-to-Shooter and Sensor-to-Decider-to-Action  Enabling Capabilities  Networked ISR Assets  Tasking, Fusion, Tracking, Discrimination and Other Sensor Exploitation Systems  Everything on Network is a Sensor (Eyeball, Laser Range Finder, Smart Weapons)  High Density  Upgrades of Airborne Sensors, More UAVs, Introduction of Space-based Radar  Multi-Phenomenology: Advanced Radars, HSI/MSI, Unattended Ground Sensors  Responsive to Joint Force Commander  Pre-hostility Presence  Engagement  Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace/Predictive Battlespace Awareness  ISR Deterrent (Coercive Spacepower) Source: QDR Transformation Study Report, 27 April 2001

34 ONE Precision Strike  Forces that Deter, Assure, Dissuade with the Capability to:  Rapidly Respond Globally With U.S. Based Long Range Forces  Integrate With Single Joint Force Package  Enable Alert Force Posturing to Demonstrate U.S. Resolve  Critical Elements  Long Range Precision Attack  Time Critical Precision Targeting  Supporting Forces  Direct Force Insertion Source: QDR Transformation Study Report, 27 April 2001

35 ONE Ops Capabilities—Precision Strike Maneuver  Key Operational Capabilities  Rapid Application of Joint Forces  Directly to Centers of Gravity  Minimal Intermediate Staging Bases or Support Buildup  Flexibility to Recast or Reorient Forces in the Midst of Conflict  Ability to Apply Decisive Combat Power Throughout the Battle Area  Enabling Capabilities  Project Forces from Home Station Directly into Forward Ops Area  Place the Right Force in the Right Place at the Right Time  Overcome Enemy Anti-Access Measures  Quickly Move, Shift or Reconfigure Forces  Simultaneously Concentrate Overwhelming Combat Power  Light Lethal High Mobility Systems  Apply Force Visibility to Effectively Exploit Movement Capability  Fire Support for Land Operations and Deep Strike Source: QDR Transformation Study Report, 27 April 2001

36 ONE Ops Capabilities—Precision Strike Maneuver  Key Operational Capabilities  Rapid Application of Joint Forces  Directly to Centers of Gravity  Minimal Intermediate Staging Bases or Support Buildup  Flexibility to Recast or Reorient Forces in the Midst of Conflict  Ability to Apply Decisive Combat Power Throughout the Battle Area  Enabling Capabilities  Project Forces from Home Station Directly into Forward Ops Area  Place the Right Force in the Right Place at the Right Time  Overcome Enemy Anti-Access Measures  Quickly Move, Shift or Reconfigure Forces  Simultaneously Concentrate Overwhelming Combat Power  Light Lethal High Mobility Systems  Apply Force Visibility to Effectively Exploit Movement Capability  Fire Support for Land Operations and Deep Strike Source: QDR Transformation Study Report, 27 April 2001

37 ONE Dominating Land, Sea, Air and Space Battlespace  Forces that are Decisive on Any Battlefield with the Capability to:  Respond Globally to Build on Forward Deployed and Rapid Response Forces  Integrate With or Absorb Previously Deployed Operating Forces into a Single Integrated Campaign Force  Provide all Required Force Sustainment  Conduct Robust Space, Ground, Sea and Air Campaign Through Integrated Fires and Maneuver—Enabled by Advanced Intelligence and Logistics  Critical Elements  Command and Control  Maneuver and Mobility  Intelligence  Fires  Nuclear, Chemical and Biological Defenses Source: QDR Transformation Study Report, 27 April 2001

38 ONE Dominating Land, Sea, Air and Space Battlespace  Key Operational Capabilities  Predictive Battlespace Awareness  Continuous Command and Control  Rapid Application of Joint Forces Directly to Centers of Gravity With Minimal Intermediate Staging Bases or Support Buildup  Flexibility to Recast or Reorient Forces in the Midst of Conflict  Apply Decisive Combat Power Throughout the Battle Area  Enabling Capabilities  Ability to Project Combat Power from Home Station Directly Into Forward Operating Areas  Standards of Readiness, Response and Performance  Integrated Planning, Execution and Assessment  Implement Family of Interoperable Operating Pictures  Web-based, Robust, Wide-band, Ubiquitous Networks  Integrated Space-based Capabilities and Airborne Relay Providing Global Reach  Passive, Flexible Tactical Entry Portal into the Network  Accelerate Fielding of Joint Airborne Communications Relays for Tactical and Ground-Air-Space Connectivity  Develop and Field National EHF and Laser SATCOM Systems Source: QDR Transformation Study Report, 27 April 2001

39 ONE MSP Sensor Payloads EO/IR IR MicroCam Ka-Band Downlink Space-to-Ground Delivery (CAV) Chemical/Bio Detection HyperSpectral Imager SIGINT Comm and Data Relay (store and forward) S-Band Comm XBand Phased Array Comm Plug-in Optronic Payload CCD Camera Multi-Spectral Camera Forward Looking IR (FLIR) EO Combo Multi-Phase Antenna Array Space Control Film Cameras (Stereo) K-Band Antenna Syntetic Aperture Radar (SAR/MTI) Weather Imager

40 ONE Possible ISR Data and Control Concept

41 ONE TacSpace ISR Tasking Flow to Theater* NCA JCS/ROD USJFCOM USSPC AFSPC TacSat Wing Request/Approval TacSat Tasked TacSat Commit Resources Allocated Mission Planning Launch/Operations Unified Commands Other DoD National Agencies TacSpace Requirements Resource Approval In Theater Operations CINC/JFC J2 / J3 JIC / JRC JFSCC* SOC Tasking Coordination TacSat DET / OPS TrackExecute Requirements Wartime Tasking Procedures *JFACC space equivalent * one notional tasking flow; others are possible


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