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Slips, Trips, and Falls. Fall Factors v Friction v Momentum v Gravity 1a.

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Presentation on theme: "Slips, Trips, and Falls. Fall Factors v Friction v Momentum v Gravity 1a."— Presentation transcript:

1 Slips, Trips, and Falls

2 Fall Factors v Friction v Momentum v Gravity 1a

3 What happens when you slip v Loss of balance caused by too little friction v Loss of traction v Wet surfaces v Spills 2a

4 What happens when you slip v Weather hazards v Potential solutions Practice safe walking skillsPractice safe walking skills Clean up spillsClean up spills Keep grease off shop floorsKeep grease off shop floors Be cautious on smooth surfacesBe cautious on smooth surfaces 2b

5 Preventing slips v Use appropriate footwear v Increase friction between shoes and walking surface 3a

6 Preventing slips v Strap-on cleats v Proper footwear selection 3b

7 Why trips occur v When a person trips: Worker’s foot hits an objectWorker’s foot hits an object Balance is thrown offBalance is thrown off Creates momentum to fallCreates momentum to fall 4a

8 Why trips occur v Cluttered work areas v Poor lighting v Area has loose footing 4b

9 Why trips occur v Worker is in a hurry v Worker is inattentive 4c

10 Preventing trips v Ensure you can see over the load you are carrying v Ensure adequate lighting v Keep work areas free of clutter/litter 5a

11 Preventing trips v Keep furniture out of walkways/traffic areas v Tape down extension cords/keep out of walkways 5b

12 Preventing trips v Eliminate loose footing on stairs, steps, floors v Properly store ramps and gangplanks in loading dock areas 5c

13 Why falls occur v Person moves too far away from center of balance v Caused by: Makeshift laddersMakeshift ladders Misuse of laddersMisuse of ladders Poor climbing habitsPoor climbing habits Improper scaffolding useImproper scaffolding use 6a

14 Preventing falls v Don’t jump from elevations DocksDocks TrucksTrucks Work stagesWork stages v Ensure adequate lighting 7a

15 Preventing falls v Repair or report loose or broken stairs, handrails v Don’t use stairs/aisles as storage areas v Wear appropriate footwear 7b

16 Prevent injury on stairs v Use handrails whenever possible v Walk up and down stairs; don’t run v Ensure you can see over the load you are carrying 8a

17 Prevent injury on stairs v Report unsafe conditions, including broken: Stair treadsStair treads Floor boardsFloor boards HandrailsHandrails 8b

18 Ladder and scaffold safety v Don’t use makeshift ladders Piling up boxes, chairs, benchesPiling up boxes, chairs, benches v Inspect ladders before use Missing or broken rungsMissing or broken rungs 9a

19 Ladder and scaffold safety v Face the ladder when climbing v Use both hands on ladders v Hoist materials up to you 9b

20 Ladder and scaffold safety v Keep your center of balance on ladder v Adjust position of ladder - don’t overreach v Use the four-to-one rule For every foot up, have 3 inches (1/4 foot) outFor every foot up, have 3 inches (1/4 foot) out 9c

21 Ladder and scaffold safety v One person at a time on a ladder v Don’t stand on top step of ladder v Stay away from ladders to avoid falling objects 9d

22 Ladder and scaffold safety v Check scaffolding daily for defects v Clear work surfaces of snow, ice, slippery material 9e

23 Ladder and scaffold safety v Respect the load limits of scaffolds v Lock wheels/casters on mobile scaffolding v Use proper PPE 9f

24 Summary of main points v Fall factors v Why slips occur v Why trips occur 10a

25 Summary of main points v Why falls occur v Hazards of stairs v Ladder and scaffold safety 10b

26 SafetyShare.org disclaimer Material presented on the National Mining Association's SafetyShare.org website is intended for information purposes only and does not constitute advice. The National Mining Association tries to provide content that is true and accurate as of the date of writing; however, we give no assurance or warranty regarding the accuracy, timeliness, or applicability of any of the contents. Visitors to the SafetyShare.org website should not act upon the website's content or information without first seeking appropriate professional advice. The National Mining Association accepts no responsibility for and excludes all liability in connection with browsing this website, use of information or downloading any materials from it, including but not limited to any liability for errors, inaccuracies, omissions, or misleading statements. The information at this website might include opinions or views which, unless expressly stated otherwise, are not necessarily those of the National Mining Association or any associated company or any person in relation to whom they would have any liability or responsibility.


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