Presentation on theme: "Shannon Judd Environmental Education Outreach Coordinator Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa."— Presentation transcript:
Shannon Judd Environmental Education Outreach Coordinator Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
Introductions Digestion Exercise Introduction to Performance Based Solid Waste Management Fond du Lac Case Study Introduction to Triple Bottom Line Analysis Group Exercise Individual Project Exercise
w w w. s u s t a i n a b l e t w i n p o r t s. o r g we dig stuff (ie: heavy metals, fossil fuels, etc.) out of the Earth and allow it to build up faster than nature can cope with it we create man-made compounds and chemicals (ie: pesticides & fire retardants in carpets, etc.) and allow them to build up faster than nature can cope with them we continuously damage natural systems and the free services they provide (including climate regulation and water filtration) by physical means (ie: overharvesting & paving wetlands) and...we live in and create societies in which many people cannot meet their basic needs (ie: to find affordable housing) 4 3 2 1 A quick way to remember: 1 - Dig 2 - Create 3 - Damage 4 –Impede
w w w. s u s t a i n a b l e t w i n p o r t s. o r g Human impact can be grouped into 3 scientific categories and 1 societal category Relatively large flows of materials from the Earth’s crust Introduce persistent compounds foreign to nature Physically inhibit nature’s ability to run cycles Barriers to people meeting their basic needs worldwide
we dig stuff (ie: heavy metals, fossil fuels, etc.) out of the Earth and allow it to build up faster than nature can cope with it we create man-made compounds and chemicals (ie: pesticides & fire retardants in carpets, etc.) and allow them to build up faster than nature can cope with them we continuously damage natural systems and the free services they provide (including climate regulation and water filtration) by physical means (ie: overharvesting & paving wetlands) and...we live in and create societies in which many people cannot meet their basic needs (ie: to find affordable housing)
Designing your solid waste contracts to facilitate waste reduction, increased recycling, and resource conservation Also referred to as Performance-Based Resource Management
Compensation Cap on Solid Waste Services: Establish the maximum amount organization will pay per month or year for ‘garbage’ services. Decrease the cap over time. Revenue-Sharing on Recycling Profits A percentage of any profits on recycling revenue are given to the hauler. Percentage increases as recycling rate increases.
Source: http://www.doi.gov/greening/waste/information/upload/Example_Perf_Based_S W_Mgt_Contract.pdf % of Waste Gross Revenue from Recycling Recycled/Composted Government Contractor 1% -19% 90% 10% 20% - 39% 70% 30% 40% - 49%50% 50% 50% & above0% 100% Example #1 – 100 tons of solid waste collected of which 90 tons goes to landfill 10 tons recycled and contractor is paid $55/ton or $550.00 from recycling facility The Government would receive 90% of the $550.00 which equals $495.00 and the Contractor would receive 10% which equals $55.00. The Government share, $495.00, would be provided as a check made payable to xxx, with the monthly invoice and mailed to [address]. The Governments share of the recycling proceeds will go into [Proceeds Recipient].
Fond du Lac Solid Waste Management Consolidation Using Aspects of a Performance-Based System
Just over 100,000 acres – approximately 33,000 are Reservation owned (Trust, Fee, MCT) Nearly evenly split between two counties: St. Louis and Carlton 1125 band members 1492 other tribal members
Approximately 25 program and enterprise facilities; 200 rental homes and 200 non-rentals
What is “Solid Waste Management Consolidation? What are the benefits of consolidating your solid waste management program? Steps to consolidating your program Considerations Decision-making and Triple Bottom Line Analysis
Purchasing power allows you to procure lower prices AND improved services Solid waste and recycling data can be more easily tracked and measured; beneficial for future planning and decision-making Consistent services throughout all facilities and households
1. Compile data and information on all locations 2. Optional: Get estimates from haulers 3. Initiate the formal Request for Proposals process 4. Analyze proposals and provide recommendation to the Tribal Council 5. Notify bidders and begin contract process with legal and winning bidder 6. Communicate, Communicate, Communicate!
Addresses Contact information Current volume, if known Size of containers Frequency of service Existing contracts
If consolidating services for the first time, consider obtaining quotes to ensure consolidating is cost- effective while meeting your program goals.
Work with your legal and procurement offices to ensure proper procedure is followed Review any previous RFPs your tribe has issued in the past for solid waste and recycling services Write proposal so that either: 1) You present your goals and they propose a program to help you achieve those goals. 2) You specify exactly what you want and they provide the price bid.
Performance-Based Services for Solid Waste and Recycling http://www.mass.gov/dep/ recycle/reduce/rmrfp.pdf Shannon Judd: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Great resource for RFP and Contracting for Solid Waste and Recycling Services: http://www.epa.gov/smm/we b- academy/2012/pdfs/smm512_ ennis.pdf
Services we required include: Semi-annual consolidated reports containing information on solid waste and recycling tonnage, number of hauls, and cost for each facility and curbside pickup After six months, hauler must analyze current service levels and provide recommendations to improve efficiency Hauler will work directly with site managers to reduce waste and increase recycling
Provide detailed units on the service rate frequency you require for bid proposals to allow for easy cost comparison. Choose pricing units that provide an incentive for waste reduction and allow for better tracking of waste. Reserve the right to refuse all bids! Service TypeService Rate Frequency Compactor/Temporary Roll-off - MSW Haul + Rate Per/Ton Temporary Roll off - C&D Haul + Rate Per/Ton Municipal Solid Waste - Dumpster Per Yard/Lift Cardboard - Baled Per Ton Cardboard - Dumpster Per Ton Recycling Dumpster/Compactor Per Yard/Lift Recycling Container - Cart Per Yard/Lift Residential Services-MSW Per Month Residential Services - Recycling Per Month
Provide a table listing all facilities to be included in the contract, addresses, current service levels and tonnage (if known). Have bidder fill out table with estimated monthly costs based on their bidded cost and any additional fees. Be sure to specify that ALL fees need to be stated separately and not included in hauling/tonnage costs. Weigh each bidder based on how they meet requirements and other considerations
Specify timeline: bid submittal deadline, notification deadline, estimated start date of service All questions regarding the RFP should be submitted in writing either via email or regular mail Notify current haulers that you are requesting bids for solid waste and recycling services Decide internally if any price negotiating is allowable once bids are received
Best price is not everything-how much more are you willing to pay to have your goals met ? What type of recycling program best meets your needs: comingled/single stream, sorted, etc. Will they pay you for your recycling? What are the facility managers’ satisfaction levels with their current hauler? What type of reporting would you like from your hauler and do they have the capacity to meet your needs? What kind of services do the haulers offer? Additional recycling options? Organics recycling?
The cost difference was significant Many facilities weren’t happy with the local hauler and had already started looking for alternative haulers when we started this process The winning bidder has single stream recycling; we felt that would help increase recycling rates – they also accept plastics 1-7; current hauler only 1&2 Additional recycling streams can be added to our program
Work closely with your legal department on this process Allow 2-3 months for contract development Be specific on the services you are requesting and any acceptable/unacceptable cost increases, hours of service, safety requirements
Significant increase in recycling at homes with curbside pickup One facility not previously recycling has now started Increased awareness overall of garbage generated and recycling
EPA Wastes/WasteWise Program Website: http://www.epa.gov/osw/conserve/smm/wastewise/w rr/rm.htm http://www.epa.gov/osw/conserve/smm/wastewise/w rr/rm.htm Sample Template for RFP: http://www.mass.gov/dep/recycle/reduce/rmrfp.pdf http://www.mass.gov/dep/recycle/reduce/rmrfp.pdf Department of Interior Example: http://www.doi.gov/greening/waste/information/uplo ad/Example_Perf_Based_SW_Mgt_Contract.pdf http://www.doi.gov/greening/waste/information/uplo ad/Example_Perf_Based_SW_Mgt_Contract.pdf
Economic Analysis Environmental Analysis Social Impacts Analysis
What are the cost benefits of consolidating? What is the cost difference between different bidders?
Which company offers services that will help your program reduce impacts to the environment? What impacts do the company’s operations have on the environment (i.e. GHG emissions from older vehicles vs. new)? Does the company take any steps to improve the environment, either as part of their operations or as extra projects?
Is the company local or national? What other contributions have they made in the community? What is their economic impact on the community? Employment levels? What are their employee benefits? Do they have a safety plan in place? Any others?
Group Activity – Provide a triple bottom line analysis for the given scenario Individual Activity – Choose a solid waste project you are working on or would like to do and analyze using the triple bottom line method.