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Presented to SWAC February 16, 2012 City of Cleveland Automated Waste Collection And Curbside Recycling Program.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented to SWAC February 16, 2012 City of Cleveland Automated Waste Collection And Curbside Recycling Program."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented to SWAC February 16, 2012 City of Cleveland Automated Waste Collection And Curbside Recycling Program

2 OPERATIONAL HISTORY The Division of Waste Collection serves approximately 152,000 household weekly, and collects 230,000 tons of debris annually. Services include residential collection, curbside recycling, Commercial Collections, and Transfer Station Operations. General Fund Budget: $26.2 Million. Cleveland has been recycling since 1991. Established various programs through 2003 when the curbside program was eliminated and the Drop off program was implemented. Drop off program began with seven (7) locations where residents, non-residents and businesses could drop off recycling. Currently, there are over 130 recycling drop off locations. In 2006, under the Jackson Administration, via the Operational Efficiency Task Force, developed goals to improve Waste Collection Services: – Improve Service to Residents – Gain Operational Efficiency – Re-instated Curbside Recycling

3 OPERATIONAL HISTORY cont. In 2007, established the Automated Waste Collection and Curbside Recycling Pilot program, where 15,000 households received one (1) 96 gallon cart for trash and one (1) 64 gallon cart for recycling. Provided residents free carts which allowed for easier, more efficient collection and cleaner neighborhoods. Gained Operational Efficiency by reducing the number of staff required to provide daily service (went from a three-man crew to a one-man crew). Established a Curbside Recycling program and increased revenue to the General Fund. 2010: Expanded Automated Waste Collection and Curbside Recycling program to an additional 25,000 households. June, 2012: planned expansion to an additional 30,000 households.

4 PROGRAM ROLL OUT Five (5) year roll out plan pending available funding. Proposed Cleveland Recycling and Energy Generation Facility (CREG) will allow for this program to be rolled out sooner. – Material Recovery Facility (MRF) – MSW to Energy (Gasification/Steam/Electricity) PHASE ROLL OUT DATE NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS PERCENTAGE OF CITY PilotOctober 200715,00010% Phase ISeptember 201125,00026% Phase IIJune 201230,00046% Phase IIITBD25,00062% Phase IVTBD25,00078% Phase VTBD25,00095%

5 OVERVIEW 40,000/152,000 households currently in the program Next rollout of 30,000 households – June 4, 2012 Residents receive two carts (96 gallon for household waste and 64 gallon for recycling) Mandatory recycling and cart utilization 48 gallon containers are available for seniors and single family households Senior and disability service – we will go into the backyard and service the carts Each cart has a RFID tag Purchased nine (9) automated trucks. Additional nine (9) will be delivered May 2012. Total of 40 trucks to be purchased.

6 OVERVIEW cont. Automation reduced residential collection by 10 routes Reduced workers compensation injuries from everyone other day to every 5 to 6 months. Different types of injures Staff reduction/redeployment of 39 positions. Automated collection will require less employees to provide regular waste collection services. These waste carts will be collected via an Automated truck (one-man crew vs. three-man crew). Curbside recycling services was reinstated based on the employee reduction from the Automated Collection Enforcement policies and procedures have been established. Revenue Generation from sale of recyclables and landfill diversion Future MSW to Energy and other projects


8 Black Cart 95/48 Blue Cart 65/48 CARTS

9 Front View Side Views EQUIPMENT 48 gallon carts

10 PROGRAM RESULTS As of December 31, 2011, Cleveland has recycled 11,774 tons of material (Glass, Plastic, Metal, Paper and cardboard) Drop off4,461 tons (increased 3% compared to 2010) Residential2,970 tons (increased 81% compared to 2010) Commercial4,343 tons (increased compared to 2010) Generated $507,345 in revenue (87% increase compared to 2010) Landfill Diversion (Disposal cost savings): $252,654 Total Savings and Revenue: $759,999 These savings were generated with 10% of the city. As the program expands so does the potential for revenue generation. Other municipalities participate in this program and received over $128,990 in revenue and landfill diversion of $182,406.

11 PROGRAM RESULTS – cont. During 2011, the curbside program yielded an average of 16% recycling rate. Realized an increase in recycling rate when the program expanded to an additional 25,000 households in September 2011. Expect the program’s recycling rate to increase as the program is expanded, mandatory recycling is enforced, and additional education and awareness is provided to the residents. Citywide recycling goals is 25%, but we expect to exceed this goal. Revenue Generation/Landfill Diversion For every ton of material that is recycled through the City’s current recycling program, we save an average of $80 per ton.

12 RECYCLING CONTRACT Current contract is for two (2) year with revenue sharing Material is processed and marketed by the contractor Cost for Transportation and processing fee is deducted from revenue from the sale of recyclables Average $47 per ton rebate from sale of recyclables Other cities have benefited from this type of recycling contract Seven (7) city consortium with Solid Waste District City of Akron Other municipalities that contact City of Cleveland Services

13 ENFORCEMENT Recycling and cart systems are mandatory RFID tags Enforcement officers Automated Citation program


15 REGULATION Regulations codes are enforced by civil penalties via the clerk of courts. We also have a dual system for criminal penalties enforceable by the housing court. Ordinance Code No. 697-10 Section 551.991 Civil Infractions (1), (2), (3) and (4) Civil Penalty Description 551.111(a)Setting out excessively large quantity of waste for collection greater than 2 cubic yards; less than 10 cubic yards Setting out excessively large quantity of waste for collection greater than 10 cubic yards 551.041 (a)Automated Waste Collection and Recycling Infractions 551.04 (d)Early set out of waste; 12 hours prior to pick-up 551.04 (e)Relating to failing to remove a waste container after collection 12 hours after pick-up



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