Presentation on theme: "Friday November 8, 2013 OBJ: SWBAT understand the primary/caucus system and evaluate which is better and why? Drill: What does the word delegate mean?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Friday November 8, 2013OBJ: SWBAT understand the primary/caucus system and evaluate which is better and why?Drill: What does the word delegate mean?Homework: Read Wilson Complete review questions for Tuesday. You may work with 1 other person, that persons name MUST appear on your sheet (separate sheets) ALL DUE TUESDAY
2 del·e·gatenounnoun: delegate; plural noun: delegatesˈdeligit/1.a person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular an elected representative sent to a conference.synonyms:representative, envoy, emissary, commissioner, agent, deputy, commissary; Morespokesperson, spokesman, spokeswoman;ambassador, plenipotentiary"union delegates"verbverb: delegate; 3rd person present: delegates; past tense: delegated; past participle: delegated; gerund or present participle: delegatingˈdeləˌgāt/entrust (a task or responsibility) to another person, typically one who is less senior than oneself."he delegates routine tasks"
3 AgendaHouse Cleaning: Let’s put this delegate thing to rest… (10 minutes tops)Review primary/caucus stepsDiscuss articlesSpectrumWrap Up
4 Selecting a President 2012: Primaries & Caucuses
5 Presidential Selection Stage 1: Caucuses & Primaries The Battle for the Party FaithfulStage 2: Nominating Conventions “Glorified Infomercials?”Stage 3: General ElectionThe Fight for the CenterStage 4: Electoral CollegePower to the People?
6 Stage 1: Caucuses Closed meeting of party members in each state Delegates select the party’s choice for presidential candidateCurrently, six states offer party caucuses selecting presidential nominees.
7 Stage 1: Caucuses Questions for Discussion: Rick Santorum and Ron Paul campaign for Iowa.Questions for Discussion:The Iowa Caucus is on January 3, Why is it so important?Brainstorm pros and cons to the caucus format.
8 Stage 1: PrimariesPresidential Primary Elections - special elections in which voters select candidates to be the party’s nominee for president in the general election.Primary Season - January - JuneWho Decides? - State party organizations for the most part decide the rules for the primaries in a particular state.Types of Primaries:Closed PrimariesOpen PrimariesMitt Romney campaigning in New Hampshire
9 Closed PrimaryVoters may vote in a party's primary only if they are registered members of that party
10 Open PrimaryA registered voter may vote in any party primary regardless of his or her own party affiliation.
12 Win More Than 50% of Your Party’s Delegates The Presidential Nomination Process Used ByThe Republican and Democratic Parties.With a few differences, which we will highlight, the Republican and Democratic parties usea very similar method in nominating its presidential candidates.In short, the fight for the Democratic or Republican Presidential Nomination is a fight for their party’s:DELEGATESTo their party’s NATIONAL NOMINATING CONVENTION.Win More Than 50% of Your Party’s DelegatesAnd you Win Your Party’sPRESIDENTIAL NOMINATION
13 This Map Shows How Many Delegates Each State or Area Was Given To The 2008 Democratic and Republican National Conventions
14 DISTRIBUTING DELEGATES After the parties have “distributed” its delegates to each state, the next step in the nomination process is when each state decides what method they are going to use to decide which candidate will receive the delegates from their state.There are two basic methods used by the states to “distribute” the delegates they have been assigned. Those two methods are: 1) The Primary Election and, 2) The Presidential Caucus.Technically, it is the state legislature of each state that decide which method to use. In many states the real decision is made by the parties in that state. (ie. Some states let each party use a different method)The graph to the right shows you how many states use each of the different methods. Notice that four states use both methods. Which means one party uses the primaryelection and one party uses the caucus.
15 How Does A Primary Election Work A PRIMARY ELECTION works very simply. An individual goes to his/her polling location an requests the ballot of one of the parties holding a primary in his/her state. He/she takes theballot into a private booth, fills out the ballot and places the completed ballot into theballot box. This process is almost exactly what most people think of when we think of VOTING.The simplicity of this process makes it the prominent method used in the Presidential Primary process. In the 2008 Presidential Election 37 of the 51 state/District, or 72%, primary contests were conducted in this way.There are three (3) major types of primaries used in the United States, with the major difference being how are TRULY INDEPENDENT voters treated. The three (3) major types of primaries are:ClosedOpenModified-Open
16 Map of 2012 Primary & Caucus Dates States with split colors have different systems for Democrats and Republicans. The color on the left represents the Democratic method, the color on the right represents the Republican method.
17 Hajo De Reijger- www.caglecartoons.com What advantage does the democratic party have in the 2012 election process?