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UNIT #6 Taking Part in Government CHAPTER #16 Elections, Voting and Voter Behavior LESSON #1 Nominating Candidates.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT #6 Taking Part in Government CHAPTER #16 Elections, Voting and Voter Behavior LESSON #1 Nominating Candidates."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIT #6 Taking Part in Government CHAPTER #16 Elections, Voting and Voter Behavior LESSON #1 Nominating Candidates

2 -There are four ways to nominate candidates: 1. Caucus 2. Conventions 3. Direct Primary 4. Petition -Depending on the office being sought, the nominating process can vary Page 1 Nominating a Candidate Caucus -In early American politics, party leaders met to decide who would run for office -Many people complained their voices were not heard and that this was undemocratic UNIT #6 Taking Part in Government CHAPTER #16 Elections, Voting and Voter Behavior LESSON #1 Nominating Candidates

3 -Nominating convention (public meetings of party members) started becoming popular -They gathered to choose a candidate — or delegates to vote for candidates (if the election was not local) -In many areas, party leaders, or party bosses, chose delegates — these nominating conventions became just as undemocratic Page 2 Nominating Conventions UNIT #6 Taking Part in Government CHAPTER #16 Elections, Voting and Voter Behavior LESSON #1 Nominating Candidates Primary Elections -Most states use direct primary elections to select candidates today -In these elections, candidates from the same party campaign against one another

4 -Voters cast their ballot to determine which candidate will represent the party in the general election -Closed primaries allow only registered members of the party to vote -Open primaries allow any registered voter to cast a ballot Page 3 (continued) UNIT #6 Taking Part in Government CHAPTER #16 Elections, Voting and Voter Behavior LESSON #1 Nominating Candidates

5 Iowa Caucus Results 2008 (January 3 rd ) Republicans Democrats

6 Florida Primary Results 2008 (January 29 th ) Republicans Democrats

7 Wisconsin Primary Results 2008 (February 19 th ) Republicans Democrats

8 -Voters cast their ballot to determine which candidate will represent the party in the general election -Closed primaries allow only registered members of the party to vote -Open primaries allow any registered voter to cast a ballot Page 3 (continued) UNIT #6 Taking Part in Government CHAPTER #16 Elections, Voting and Voter Behavior LESSON #1 Nominating Candidates Presidential Nominees -In presidential primaries, voters vote for delegates, not candidates -Those delegates then go to the national convention to cast ballots for a candidate -Republicans generally use a winner-take-all primary when awarding delegates

9 Page 4 (continued) UNIT #6 Taking Part in Government CHAPTER #16 Elections, Voting and Voter Behavior LESSON #1 Nominating Candidates -Democrats use proportional representation primary — dividing delegates according to vote totals — when awarding delegates Petition -This is a paper that states a person ’ s wish to run for a particular office -A certain number of potential voters must sign the petition


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