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India is a constitutional democracy with a parliamentary system of government, and at the heart of the system is a commitment to hold regular, free.

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Presentation on theme: "India is a constitutional democracy with a parliamentary system of government, and at the heart of the system is a commitment to hold regular, free."— Presentation transcript:

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5 India is a constitutional democracy with a parliamentary system of government, and at the heart of the system is a commitment to hold regular, free and fair elections. These elections determine the composition of the government, the membership of the two houses of parliament, the state and union territory legislative assemblies, and the Presidency and vice-presidency. Electoral Process in India takes at least a month for state assembly elections with the duration increasing further for the General Elections. Publishing of electoral rolls is a key process that happens before the elections and is vital for the conduct of elections in India. The Indian Constitution sets the eligibility of an individual for voting. Any person who is a citizen of India and above 18 years of age is eligible to enroll as a voter in the electoral rolls. It is the responsibility of the eligible voters to enroll their names. Normally, voter registrations are allowed latest one week prior to the last date for nomination of candidates.

6 Introduction of elections in u.k Elections are held on Election Day, which is conventionally a Thursday. General elections have fixed dates, and must be called within five years of the opening of parliament following the last election. Other elections are held on fixed date Election Day There are six types of elections in the United Kingdom: United Kingdom general elections, elections to devolved parliaments and assemblies, elections to the European Parliament, local elections, mayoral elections and Police and Crime Commissioner elections. Elections are held on Election Day, which is conventionally a Thursday. General elections have fixed dates, and must be called within five years of the opening of parliament following the last election. Other elections are held on fixed dates, though in the case of the devolved assemblies and parliaments early elections can occur in certain situations. Any person who is a citizen of u.k. and above 18 years of age is eligible to enroll as a voter in the electoral rollUnited KingdomEuropean ParliamentPolice and Crime Commissioner Election Day

7 1.Preparation of voter 's list In a democratic election, the list of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before the election and given to everyone. this list is officially called the Electoral Roll and is commonly known as the Voter 's list. 2. Nomination of candidates The only difference is that in order to be a candidate the minimum age is 25 while it is only 18 years for being a voter. Every person who wishes to contest an election has to fill a 'nomination form ' and give some money as 'security deposit ' 3. Election Campaign It is necessary to have a free and fare and open discussion about who is a better representative,which party will make a better govt. or what is a good policy. This is what happens during the election campaign. 4. Polling and counting of votes The final stage of an election is the day when the voter 's cast or "poll" their vote. Every person whose name is on the voters list can go to a nearby "polling booth" situated usually in a local school or a govt. office.

8 Candidate makes the decision to run for office and declares his/her candidacy. Candidates begin campaigning to win delegates from each state States conduct primary elections / caucuses to award delegates National political parties meet for conventions to select their nominees for prime minister and deputy prime minister The general election takes places on the first Tuesday in November and voters cast their ballots for their candidate of choice Following the general election, the Electoral College casts votes for Prime minister the new prime minister And deputy prime minister are inaugurated

9 Who Can Register Vote In U.K? 1.) Person above 18 or 18 is only eligible to register vote. 2.) A British, Irish, EU or qualifying Commonwealth citizen ……….qualifying Commonwealth citizen

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