Presentation on theme: "ELECTORAL SYSTEM IN INDIA AND U.K ELECTORAL SYSTEM IN INDIA AND U.K."— Presentation transcript:
1ELECTORAL SYSTEMININDIA AND U.KELECTORAL SYSTEMININDIA AND U.K
2ACKNOWLEGDEMENT I feel proud and privileged while praising my Rayat International School for giving us such knowledgeableAnd interesting project. This project gives us briefInformation about Electoral System In India $ U.K.This project is made under our s.sc teacherMrs. Bhupinder Kaur and I thank her also for believingIn us and given us this project . I took information fromBooks, internet etc… and thirdly I would like to thankMy parents for helping me in making this project…
3INDEX # INTRODUCTION ABOUT ELECTORAL PROCESS # PROCEDURE OF ELECTION # WHO CAN REGISTER VOTE?# POLLING PROCEDURE# TYPES OF ELECTIONS# GOVERNMENT# HEAD OF BOTH THE COUNTRIES INDIA & U.K.
4INTRODUCTION ABOUT ELECTORAL PROCESS IN INDIA ……… INTRODUCTION ABOUT ELECTORAL SYSTEM IN INDIA ………Electoral Process in India takes at least a month for state assembly elections with the duration increasing further for the General Elections. Publishing of electoral rolls is a key process that happens before the elections and is vital for the conduct of elections in India. The Indian Constitution sets the eligibility of an individual for voting. Any person who is a citizen of India and above 18 years of age is eligible to enroll as a voter in the electoral rolls. It is the responsibility of the eligible voters to enroll their names. Normally, voter registrations are allowed latest one week prior to the last date for nomination of candidates.India is a constitutional democracy with a parliamentary system of government, and at the heart of the system is a commitment to hold regular, free and fair elections. These elections determine the composition of the government, the membership of the two houses of parliament, the state and union territory legislative assemblies, and the Presidency and vice-presidency.
5Introduction About Electoral Process in U.K …….. There are six types of elections in the United Kingdom: United Kingdom general elections, elections to devolved parliaments and assemblies, elections to the European Parliament, local elections, mayoral elections and Police and Crime Commissioner elections. Elections are held on Election Day, which is conventionally a Thursday. General elections have fixed dates, and must be called within five years of the opening of parliament following the last election. Other elections are held on fixed dates, though in the case of the devolved assemblies and parliaments early elections can occur in certain situations. Any person who is a citizen of u.k. and above 18 years of age is eligible to enroll as a voter in the electoral rollIntroduction of elections in u.k Elections are held on Election Day, which is conventionally a Thursday. General elections have fixed dates, and must be called within five years of the opening of parliament following the last election. Other elections are held on fixed date
6PROCEDURE OF ELECTIONS IN INDIA 1.Preparation of voter 's listIn a democratic election, the list of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before the election and given to everyone. this list is officially called the Electoral Roll and is commonly known as the Voter 's list.2. Nomination of candidatesThe only difference is that in order to be a candidate the minimum age is 25 while it is only 18 years for being a voter.Every person who wishes to contest an election has to fill a 'nomination form ' and give some money as 'security deposit '3. Election CampaignIt is necessary to have a free and fare and open discussion about who is a better representative ,which party will make a better govt. or what is a good policy. This is what happens during the election campaign.4. Polling and counting of votesThe final stage of an election is the day when the voter 's cast or "poll" their vote. Every person whose name is on the voters list can go to a nearby "polling booth" situated usually in a local school or a govt. office.
7PROCEDURE OF ELECTIONS IN U.K. Candidate makes the decision to runfor office and declares his/hercandidacy.Candidates begin campaigning towin delegates from each stateStates conduct primary elections /caucuses to award delegatesNational political parties meet forconventions to select their nomineesfor prime minister and deputy prime ministerthe new prime ministerAnd deputy prime minister are inauguratedThe general election takes places onthe first Tuesday in November andvoters cast their ballots for theircandidate of choiceFollowing the general election, theElectoral College casts votes forPrime minister
81.) Person above 18 or 18 is only eligible to register vote. Who can Register VoteIn India ?Who Can Register Vote In U.K?Any Indian who has attained the minimum age of 18 years on 1st January of the year can register himself or herself as a voter. Mentally challenged persons and the persons on whom Criminal Charges, ‘Corrupt Practices’ or offences relating to elections are registered cannot vote.1.) Person above 18 or 18 is only eligible to register vote.2.) A British, Irish, EU or qualifying Commonwealth citizen ……….
10Polling Procedure in India By ballot paperThe paper on which the name of the candidates and their party symbol or symbol allotted to each of the candidate is printed is called Ballot paper. These ballot papers are used for casting vote in elections.2. By electronic voting machineWith the advancement of technology voting also went on electronic path. Since 1998, the Commission has directed the use of Electronic Voting Machines instead of ballot boxes keeping in view to minimize the use of paper. EVMs are more user-friendly. Even illiterates can use (operate) them easily.
11Polling Procedure in U.k. BY BALLOT PAPERBY POSTBY PROXY…..
12TYPES OF ELECTIONS IN INDIA Types of elections in u.k.TYPES OF ELECTIONS IN INDIAGeneral ElectionsElections to parliament and assembliesElections to European parliamentLocal ElectionsMayoral ElectionsPolice and Crime CommissionerElections ……..In India there is only one type of election i.e.Democratic election ….In democratic elections every person haveequalRight to vote and each vote have equal valueIn other words one vote one value…..
13Government Of India Government of U.k. presidentQUEEN ELIZABETH IIPrime ministerPRINCE CHARLESChief ministerPRIME MINISTERCabinet ministersDEPUTY PRIME MINISTER
14Head of both the countries U.K.INDIAPRANAB MUKHERJEEQUEEN ELIZABETH II