Presentation on theme: "Selecting a President:"— Presentation transcript:
1Selecting a President: The Presidential Nomination and Election Process
2Presidential Selection Stage 1: Caucuses & Primaries The Battle for the Party FaithfulStage 2: Nominating Conventions “Glorified Infomercials?”Stage 3: General ElectionThe Fight for the CenterStage 4: Electoral CollegePower to the People?
3Stage 1: CaucusesBarrack Obama campaigns in IowaClosed meeting of party members in each state where party members get together to decide who they want to represent their party in the general electionCurrently used in only six states
4Stage 1: CaucusesHilary Clinton (D) and Rudy Guilliani (R) campaigning in IowaThe Iowa Caucus is the first primary/caucus.Considering Iowa is a relatively small state, why are the Iowa caucuses so important??It is the first and largest in the modern presidential election cycle
6Stage 1: PrimariesPresidential Primary Elections - special elections in which voters select candidates to be the party’s nominee for president in the general election.Primary Season - January - JuneWho Decides? - State party organizations for the most part decide the rules for the primaries in a particular state.Types of Primaries:Closed PrimariesOpen PrimariesMitt Romney campaigning in New Hampshire
7Closed PrimaryVoters may vote in a party's primary only if they are registered members of that party
8Open PrimaryA registered voter may vote in any party primary regardless of his or her own party affiliation.
9Methods of Selecting Presidential Delegates by State Which is most popular? Why??
102008 Open & Closed Primaries Virginia has a “modified open primary”
11Stage 2: Presidential Nominating Conventions Barack and Michelle Obama at the 2004 Democratic National Convention
12Nominating Conventions An assembly held by political parties every four yearsUsually held in late summer before the general election in NovemberGeorge W. and Laura Bush at the Republican Convention
13Purposes of Nominating Conventions 1980 Republican National Convention in Detroit, MichiganAt the convention the party adopts a platform to unify support behind common goals.Delegates to the convention elect that party’s nominees for President and Vice-president.
14What is a Party Platform? Platform - a statement of principles and objectives a political party and a candidate supportPlank - Individual topics in a party’s platform (ex: abortion, war in Iraq)
15Who are Delegates?Delegate - A voting representative to the party nominating convention
16Winner-take-all System Delegate SelectionProportional SystemPrimary system used by the Democratic PartyCandidates get a % of delegates based on the popular voteWinner-take-all SystemSystem used in most Republican primariesThe winner of the popular vote in that state receives all that state’s delegatesSimilar to electoral college
17Democratic Party Rules: Two Types of Delegates Pledged Delegates v. Superdelegates
18Pledged delegates count during the 2008 Democratic primaries Pledged delegates are required to vote at the convention based on the popular vote in their state(they have to listen to the people)Pledged delegates count during the 2008 Democratic primaries
19SuperdelegatesMembers of the Democratic Party establishment who serve as unpledged (??) delegates at the party conventionThey are free to vote for any candidate at the convention (don’t have to listen to the popular vote in their state)
20SuperdelegatesBy John Trever, The Albuquerque Journal 03/30/2008
21Convention Speeches: The Keynote Address The speech given at the convention that embodies that party’s core messageExtremely important event – can propel a politicians careerDo you know who gave the 2004 Keynote Address at the Democratic Convention???
22Current President, (Then a Senator) Barrack Obama gives the 2004 DNC Keynote Address
23The Acceptance Address 1960 presidential candidates John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon deliver their Acceptance Addresses at their party’s national conventionGiven at the final day of the convention - winning candidate formally accepts the party’s nomination for presidentHuge media event - Acceptance Address is always televised by the major networks
241992 Democratic National Convention in New York City Critics say that party nominating conventions have become nothing more than infomercials.What do you think?
25Stage 3: General Election Candidates ACTIVELY campaign by…(Basically do ANYTHING that they think will get them more voters)
26Raise moneyBarack Obama raised over $600 million dollars – more than any other candidate ever