Presentation on theme: "Selecting a President: The Presidential Nomination and Election Process."— Presentation transcript:
Selecting a President: The Presidential Nomination and Election Process
Stage 1: Caucuses & Primaries The Battle for the Party Faithful Stage 2: Nominating Conventions Glorified Infomercials? Stage 3: General Election The Fight for the Center Stage 4: Electoral College Power to the People? Presidential Selection
Stage 1: Caucuses Closed meeting of party members in each state where party members get together to decide who they want to represent their party in the general election Currently used in only six states Barrack Obama campaigns in Iowa
Stage 1: Caucuses Hilary Clinton (D) and Rudy Guilliani (R) campaigning in Iowa The Iowa Caucus is the first primary/caucus. Considering Iowa is a relatively small state, why are the Iowa caucuses so important?? It is the first and largest in the modern presidential election cycle
Stage 1: Primaries Primary Season - January - June Who Decides? - State party organizations for the most part decide the rules for the primaries in a particular state. Types of Primaries: Closed Primaries Open Primaries Presidential Primary Elections - special elections in which voters select candidates to be the partys nominee for president in the general election. Mitt Romney campaigning in New Hampshire
Closed Primary Voters may vote in a party's primary only if they are registered members of that party
Open Primary A registered voter may vote in any party primary regardless of his or her own party affiliation.
Methods of Selecting Presidential Delegates by State Which is most popular? Why??
2008 Open & Closed Primaries Virginia has a modified open primary
Stage 2: Presidential Nominating Conventions Barack and Michelle Obama at the 2004 Democratic National Convention
Nominating Conventions An assembly held by political parties every four years Usually held in late summer before the general election in November George W. and Laura Bush at the 2000 Republican Convention
Purposes of Nominating Conventions 1980 Republican National Convention in Detroit, Michigan 1.At the convention the party adopts a platform to unify support behind common goals. 2.Delegates to the convention elect that partys nominees for President and Vice-president.
What is a Party Platform? Platform - a statement of principles and objectives a political party and a candidate support Plank - Individual topics in a party s platform (ex: abortion, war in Iraq)
Who are Delegates? Delegate - A voting representative to the party nominating convention
Delegate Selection Proportional System Primary system used by the Democratic Party Candidates get a % of delegates based on the popular vote Winner-take-all System System used in most Republican primaries The winner of the popular vote in that state receives all that state s delegates Similar to electoral college
Democratic Party Rules: Two Types of Delegates Pledged Delegates v. Superdelegates
Pledged Delegates Pledged delegates count during the 2008 Democratic primaries Pledged delegates are required to vote at the convention based on the popular vote in their state (they have to listen to the people)
Members of the Democratic Party establishment who serve as unpledged (??) delegates at the party convention They are free to vote for any candidate at the convention (don t have to listen to the popular vote in their state) Superdelegates
By John Trever, The Albuquerque Journal 03/30/2008
Convention Speeches: The Keynote Address The speech given at the convention that embodies that party s core message Extremely important event – can propel a politicians career Do you know who gave the 2004 Keynote Address at the Democratic Convention???
Current President, (Then a Senator) Barrack Obama gives the 2004 DNC Keynote Address
The Acceptance Address Given at the final day of the convention - winning candidate formally accepts the party s nomination for president Huge media event - Acceptance Address is always televised by the major networks 1960 presidential candidates John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon deliver their Acceptance Addresses at their partys national convention
Critics say that party nominating conventions have become nothing more than infomercials Democratic National Convention in New York City What do you think?
Stage 3: General Election Candidates ACTIVELY campaign by… (Basically do ANYTHING that they think will get them more voters)
Raise money Barack Obama raised over $600 million dollars – more than any other candidate ever
Run ads (TV, radio, mail, internet etc)
Participate in Debates
Hold rallies and give speeches
Presidential Nomination/Election Process Pamphlet Create a pamphlet detailing the Presidential Nomination/Election Process Be sure to make it colorful and include at least one picture on each page.