page 4 The Problems with game based learning What works for kids might not work for adults Games can obstruct content / technology barrier Design is complex: too many factors Domain? Can it profit from game? If yes, how? Learning context? Formal vs. Informal? What educational level? Audience? Preference of game style? Authoring needs special skills Games can have adverse side effects.
page 6 How to do it wrong, but as little as possible? Design process needs to be structured according to matching game design with educational design. Detailed Mapping between pedagogical functions and game design patterns. Game design patterns that fit into this mapping (or combinations of those) be called Game Learning Patterns.
page 8 Educational Functions Designs (Heinich): Presentation, Discussion, Tutorial, Drill and practice,… Events (Gagne): gaining attention, recall prior learning, present stimulus, giving feedback Goals (Robinson): Ownership of learning, Self awareness of representation, embedding in social context Activities (Kolb): exploration, observation, conceptualization, experimentation Motivational aspects (Keller): Attention, Relevance, Confidence, Satisfaction
page 9 Example of Application Domain Domain: Basic Life Support (Reanimation, First Aid) Heterogeneous: Age groups, educational background, type of motivation Large sample populations Artifact: Online Learning Module, with interfaces to facebook, mobile use, AR (constructed tier-wise) Game mode includes micro games with different main pattern after each chapter.
page 10 Micro games Situation Game: Emergency situation, Make quick action choices, Time-Lock Reanimation Game (click on breast of character the correct amount of times, then click on nose for respiration, etc. If done wrong, other player turns blue. Keep colour normal until character reanimates Defibrilator Game: Set up defibrilator correctly by clicking on functions in the correct order. Choose right voltage. Comparison Game: repeatedly choose the right one of two pictures showing certain reanimation & first aid techniques, vs. other player/s
page 12 Mixed Reality Elements (and more possible problem sources) Examples: Use pressure sensors on person or puppet to practice reanimation (heart massage). Virtual Firefight: Locate emergency tools in your workplace (fire extinguisher, axe etc). and fight virtual fire. (e.g. in team, using different devices). Augmented Life Action Roleplay, Locate nearest Hospital