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Vision to Practice July 2012 Full Implementation of the 2010 English Standards of Learning: Instructional Updates Jackie Kelley English Specialist.

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Presentation on theme: "Vision to Practice July 2012 Full Implementation of the 2010 English Standards of Learning: Instructional Updates Jackie Kelley English Specialist."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vision to Practice July 2012 Full Implementation of the 2010 English Standards of Learning: Instructional Updates Jackie Kelley English Specialist

2 Vision to Practice July 2012 Standards of Learning Review Process The Standards of Quality require the Board of Education to review the Standards of Learning on a regular schedule.The Standards of Quality require the Board of Education to review the Standards of Learning on a regular schedule. The English Standards of Learning were developed in 1995 and revised in 2002.The English Standards of Learning were developed in 1995 and revised in 2002.

3 Vision to Practice July 2012 Standards of Learning Review Process Higher Education Review Committee meets to review proposed SOLHigher Education Review Committee meets to review proposed SOL Feedback solicited from business leadersFeedback solicited from business leaders Following first review, the proposed English SOL placed on the VDOE Web site for review and public commentFollowing first review, the proposed English SOL placed on the VDOE Web site for review and public comment A series of Public hearings held as prescribed the BOEA series of Public hearings held as prescribed the BOE The proposed English SOL presented to BOE for final review and adoptionThe proposed English SOL presented to BOE for final review and adoption

4 Vision to Practice July 2012 English Curriculum Framework Review Process In writing the Curriculum Framework, the following were considered:In writing the Curriculum Framework, the following were considered: Alignment studies from Achieve, College Board, and ACTAlignment studies from Achieve, College Board, and ACT Reports from National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE), International Reading Association (IRA), The American Association of School Librarians (AASL)Reports from National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE), International Reading Association (IRA), The American Association of School Librarians (AASL) Common Core State Standards for English Language ArtsCommon Core State Standards for English Language Arts

5 Vision to Practice July 2012 Schedule of implementation January 2010 –BOE approves and adopts the 2010 English Standards of LearningJanuary 2010 –BOE approves and adopts the 2010 English Standards of Learning November 2010 – BOE approves and adopts the 2010 English Standards of Learning Curriculum FrameworkNovember 2010 – BOE approves and adopts the 2010 English Standards of Learning Curriculum Framework – SOL Field testing on items aligned to the 2010 English Standards of Learning – SOL Field testing on items aligned to the 2010 English Standards of Learning February – April, 2012 – SOL online writing field test for grades 5, 8, and EOCFebruary – April, 2012 – SOL online writing field test for grades 5, 8, and EOC Fall Full implementation of SOL EOC ReadingFall Full implementation of SOL EOC Reading Spring Full implementation of grades 3-8 and EOC Reading; grades 5, 8, and EOC WritingSpring Full implementation of grades 3-8 and EOC Reading; grades 5, 8, and EOC Writing

6 Vision to Practice July 2012 IMPLICATIONS FOR INSTRUCTION

7 Vision to Practice July 2012 Curriculum Framework Students are expected to continue to apply knowledge, skills, and processes from Standards of Learning presented in previous grades as they build expertise in English.Students are expected to continue to apply knowledge, skills, and processes from Standards of Learning presented in previous grades as they build expertise in English.

8 Vision to Practice July 2012 Curriculum Framework Assessment items may not and should not be a verbatim reflection of the information presented in the Curriculum Framework.Assessment items may not and should not be a verbatim reflection of the information presented in the Curriculum Framework. It is not meant to be an exhaustive or a limiting document.It is not meant to be an exhaustive or a limiting document.

9 Vision to Practice July 2012 English Curriculum Framework Use all 3 columns of the English Framework CurriculumUse all 3 columns of the English Framework Curriculum

10 Vision to Practice July 2012 Vocabulary Differentiate between denotation and connotationDifferentiate between denotation and connotation Figurative language is addressed in vocabulary (stand alone items)Figurative language is addressed in vocabulary (stand alone items) 9-12 vocabulary standards address idioms and allusions - should not be taught in isolation9-12 vocabulary standards address idioms and allusions - should not be taught in isolation

11 Vision to Practice July 2012 Vocabulary Vocabulary standards appear as the first standard under reading in 4-12Vocabulary standards appear as the first standard under reading in 4-12 Use authentic texts, not merely word listsUse authentic texts, not merely word lists Use of affixes and rootsUse of affixes and roots Common Greek and Latin roots and affixesCommon Greek and Latin roots and affixes

12 Vision to Practice July Reading Stronger vertical alignment grades 4-12Stronger vertical alignment grades 4-12 Reading divided into fiction and nonfiction strandsReading divided into fiction and nonfiction strands Vocabulary standards appear as the first standard under reading in 4-12Vocabulary standards appear as the first standard under reading in 4-12 Fiction includes narrative nonfiction, poetry, and dramaFiction includes narrative nonfiction, poetry, and drama

13 Vision to Practice July Reading SOL tests will emphasize nonfiction reading using both informational and functional passagesSOL tests will emphasize nonfiction reading using both informational and functional passages Nonfiction reading includes emphasis on text structuresNonfiction reading includes emphasis on text structures 9-12 nonfiction standards include identification of faulty reasoning9-12 nonfiction standards include identification of faulty reasoning Main idea and supporting details in fiction and nonfictionMain idea and supporting details in fiction and nonfiction

14 Vision to Practice July Reading Reading strategies are emphasized in each strand including before, during, and after readingReading strategies are emphasized in each strand including before, during, and after reading Both fiction and nonfiction emphasize making inferences and drawing conclusionsBoth fiction and nonfiction emphasize making inferences and drawing conclusions Comparing texts is emphasized in 8-12Comparing texts is emphasized in 8-12 Pair passages of same topic: fiction and nonfictionPair passages of same topic: fiction and nonfiction

15 Vision to Practice July Fiction Reading School divisions have the choice of sequence of American, British, and world literature (10,11,12)School divisions have the choice of sequence of American, British, and world literature (10,11,12) Grade 9 fiction standard includes all literary termsGrade 9 fiction standard includes all literary terms Grade 11 fiction standard includes literary movements, archetypal characters, and themesGrade 11 fiction standard includes literary movements, archetypal characters, and themes No required reading list; local choiceNo required reading list; local choice

16 Vision to Practice July Nonfiction Reading Instruction should include both informational and functional passagesInstruction should include both informational and functional passages Nonfiction reading includes emphasis on text structures and organizational patternsNonfiction reading includes emphasis on text structures and organizational patterns

17 Vision to Practice July Reading Nonfiction Use of text features: Bold-face/italicsBold-face/italics Use of color typeUse of color type UnderliningUnderlining IndentationIndentation Side barsSide bars Illustrations, graphics, photographsIllustrations, graphics, photographs Headings and subheadingsHeadings and subheadings Footnotes and annotationsFootnotes and annotations

18 Vision to Practice July Reading Nonfiction Patterns of organizing nonfiction texts: Chronological or sequentialChronological or sequential Comparison/contrastComparison/contrast Cause and effectCause and effect Problem-solutionProblem-solution Generalization or principle (explanation)Generalization or principle (explanation) Enumeration or listingEnumeration or listing Concept definitionConcept definition ProcessProcess

19 Vision to Practice July Writing Writing revolves around mode, purpose, audience, and processWriting revolves around mode, purpose, audience, and process All students should be given practice writing on demand, for shorter time frames, and over extended periods of timeAll students should be given practice writing on demand, for shorter time frames, and over extended periods of time Each grade level has a composing/revision standard and an editing/grammar standardEach grade level has a composing/revision standard and an editing/grammar standard SOL writing does NOT require 5 paragraphsSOL writing does NOT require 5 paragraphs

20 Vision to Practice July Writing Provide students with opportunities to compose using computer technology (NAEP; SOL writing online 5, 8, EOC)Provide students with opportunities to compose using computer technology (NAEP; SOL writing online 5, 8, EOC) Provide students opportunities to use the Online Practice SOL Writing Tool (no prompts provided)Provide students opportunities to use the Online Practice SOL Writing Tool (no prompts provided) Teaching writing is an expectation of every grade, not only “tested” gradesTeaching writing is an expectation of every grade, not only “tested” grades Self- and peer-editing opportunities for students are essentialSelf- and peer-editing opportunities for students are essential

21 Vision to Practice July Writing Argumentative, persuasive, and analytical writing is emphasized in 11th and 12th gradesArgumentative, persuasive, and analytical writing is emphasized in 11th and 12th grades Students should be able to produce a sound argument, address counterclaims, provide sound reasoning, and come to a just conclusionStudents should be able to produce a sound argument, address counterclaims, provide sound reasoning, and come to a just conclusion Teachers need to stress “real life” writing opportunities~ not merely literary analysisTeachers need to stress “real life” writing opportunities~ not merely literary analysis

22 Vision to Practice July 2012 Research (Grades 4-12) Consequences of plagiarism, following ethical and legal guidelines for gathering and using information stressed grades 3-12Consequences of plagiarism, following ethical and legal guidelines for gathering and using information stressed grades 3-12 Strand begins at grade 4Strand begins at grade 4 Students conduct research projects in grades 4 and 5Students conduct research projects in grades 4 and 5 Citation of primary and secondary sources begins in grade 6Citation of primary and secondary sources begins in grade 6 MLA or APA documentation required in grades 9-12MLA or APA documentation required in grades 9-12

23 Vision to Practice July Research Critically evaluate the accuracy, quality, and validity of the informationCritically evaluate the accuracy, quality, and validity of the information Frame, analyze, and synthesize information to solve problems, answer questions, and generate new knowledgeFrame, analyze, and synthesize information to solve problems, answer questions, and generate new knowledge Each research “product” does not have to be a paperEach research “product” does not have to be a paper Incorporate Media Literacy into researchIncorporate Media Literacy into research

24 Vision to Practice July 2012 Communication/Media Literacy Provide opportunities for collaborationProvide opportunities for collaboration Use of 21 st century skillsUse of 21 st century skills Paraphrasing and summarizingParaphrasing and summarizing Active listening skillsActive listening skills

25 Vision to Practice July 2012 Communication/Media Literacy Identify author, audience, content, and purpose of media messagesIdentify author, audience, content, and purpose of media messages Compare/contrast auditory, visual, and written media messagesCompare/contrast auditory, visual, and written media messages Identify persuasive techniques in media messagesIdentify persuasive techniques in media messages Distinguish between fact and opinionDistinguish between fact and opinion

26 Vision to Practice July 2012 Communication/Media Literacy 9-12 Review of media for persuasive or rhetorical devices9-12 Review of media for persuasive or rhetorical devices Pairs with persuasive/analytical reading and writingPairs with persuasive/analytical reading and writing Opportunities to write/analyze blogs, Web sites, Pod casts, wikis, etc.Opportunities to write/analyze blogs, Web sites, Pod casts, wikis, etc.

27 Vision to Practice July 2012 Virginia College and Career Readiness Initiative Designed to strengthen students' preparation for college and the work force before leaving high schoolDesigned to strengthen students' preparation for college and the work force before leaving high school English Performance Expectations (EPE) are comprised of 51 Standards in reading, writing, and communicatingEnglish Performance Expectations (EPE) are comprised of 51 Standards in reading, writing, and communicating

28 Vision to Practice July 2012 English Performance Expectations

29 Vision to Practice July 2012 Next Steps SOL Institutes July 10 – August 7SOL Institutes July 10 – August 7 Enhanced Scope and Sequence Summer 2012Enhanced Scope and Sequence Summer 2012

30 Vision to Practice July 2012 English SOL Tests

31 Vision to Practice July 2012 Phase-Out of Paper/Pencil Testing Language in the Appropriations Act requires that all Standards of Learning (SOL) tests be administered online by:Language in the Appropriations Act requires that all Standards of Learning (SOL) tests be administered online by: for all high schools for all high schools for all middle schools for all middle schools for all elementary schools for all elementary schools

32 Vision to Practice July 2012 Phase-Out of Paper/Pencil Testing: Exceptions SOL tests available in a paper/pencil format for students with a documented need Examples include: Attends school in a location where the required technology is not available (e.g., out-placed students or homebound)Attends school in a location where the required technology is not available (e.g., out-placed students or homebound)

33 Vision to Practice July 2012 Examples of Documented Needs for Paper/Pencil Testing Accommodation in the IEP, 504 Plan, or LEP Plan requires a paper test (e.g., Large-Print or Braille)Accommodation in the IEP, 504 Plan, or LEP Plan requires a paper test (e.g., Large-Print or Braille) Documented medical condition (e.g., seizure disorder) where exposure to a computer will aggravate the student’s condition Documented medical condition (e.g., seizure disorder) where exposure to a computer will aggravate the student’s condition Other exceptions must be approved by the VDOEOther exceptions must be approved by the VDOE

34 Vision to Practice July 2012 Use of Technology-Enhanced Items Online testing allows use of “technology- enhanced” items (TEI)Online testing allows use of “technology- enhanced” items (TEI) TEI items make up 15 % of SOL Reading/Writing AssessmentsTEI items make up 15 % of SOL Reading/Writing Assessments Provides new ways of assessing higher order thinking skillsProvides new ways of assessing higher order thinking skills Students indicate answers in different waysStudents indicate answers in different ways

35 Vision to Practice July 2012 Changes to SOL Reading Tests Research will be tested in writing instead of readingResearch will be tested in writing instead of reading The Reporting Categories include:The Reporting Categories include: word analysis word analysis comprehension of fictioncomprehension of fiction comprehension of nonfictioncomprehension of nonfiction Beginning in grade 5, there are more nonfiction than fiction itemsBeginning in grade 5, there are more nonfiction than fiction items

36 Vision to Practice July Reading Blueprints

37 Vision to Practice July 2012 Grade 3 Reading SOL Test SOL Test

38 Vision to Practice July 2012 Grade 8 Reading SOL Test SOL Test

39 Vision to Practice July 2012 EOC Reading SOL Test SOL Test

40 Vision to Practice July 2012 Changes to SOL Writing Tests The End-of-Course direct writing prompt is persuasive The End-of-Course direct writing prompt is persuasive  Research will be tested in writing  Composing/Written Expression is now one combined domain  Prompts will be released before the tests

41 Vision to Practice July 2012 SOL Writing Blueprints

42 Vision to Practice July 2012 Scoring with the SOL Writing Rubric All student papers are read by at least two readers; their scores are added together Composing/Written Expression score counts twice Usage/Mechanics score counts once If judges scores are more than 1 point apart, papers are read by a third judge

43 Vision to Practice July Composing/Written ExpressionComposing/Written Expression Audience/purposeAudience/purpose Central IdeaCentral Idea Effective conclusionsEffective conclusions Counter argumentsCounter arguments ElaborationElaboration UnityUnity OrganizationOrganization Deliberate Word ChoiceDeliberate Word Choice Selected, Precise InformationSelected, Precise Information Sentence VarietySentence Variety ToneTone VoiceVoice Usage and MechanicsUsage and Mechanics Sentence FormationSentence Formation UsageUsage Standard InflectionsStandard Inflections Comparison of Adjectives / Adverbs AgreementComparison of Adjectives / Adverbs Agreement MechanicsMechanics CapitalizationCapitalization SpellingSpelling PunctuationPunctuation FormattingFormatting SOL Two Domain Writing Rubric

44 Vision to Practice July 2012 Writing Rubrics

45 Vision to Practice July 2012 Grade 5 Writing SOL Test SOL Test

46 Vision to Practice July 2012 Grade 8 Writing SOL Test SOL Test

47 Vision to Practice July 2012 EOC Writing SOL Test SOL Test

48 Vision to Practice July 2012 RESOURCES

49 Vision to Practice July 2012 VDOE Writing Practice Tool

50 Vision to Practice July 2012 VDOE Writing Practice Tool

51 Vision to Practice July 2012 VDOE Writing Practice Tool Progress bar Current line location Typing tools

52 Vision to Practice July Writing Online Writing Practice Tool available at: actice/writing_practice_tool.shtml actice/writing_practice_tool.shtml

53 Vision to Practice July _framewks/2010/english_sol_crosswalk_02_10.pdf

54 Vision to Practice July 2012 Literacy Web Page

55 Vision to Practice July 2012 SOL Progression Charts Writing

56 Vision to Practice July 2012 SOL Progression Charts Reading

57 Vision to Practice July 2012 Online Writing Web Page

58 Vision to Practice July 2012 Writing Resources Downloadable Writing Process graphic

59 Vision to Practice July 2012 Questions?

60 Vision to Practice July 2012 Contact Information Jackie Kelley English Specialist Virginia Department of Education


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