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2010 English Standards of Learning Rigor: Word Knowledge & Nonfiction 1.

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Presentation on theme: "2010 English Standards of Learning Rigor: Word Knowledge & Nonfiction 1."— Presentation transcript:

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2 2010 English Standards of Learning Rigor: Word Knowledge & Nonfiction 1

3 2 Writing Update Anchor Sets with Annotations Instruction Anchor Set Writing Tool – Interface may default to delete mode – Students and proctors need to know how to fix this using insert key. – Proctors may tell students how to fix this during testing but may not themselves touch the keyboard. 2

4 3 Reading Test Information 3 50% nonfiction: expository and functional 50% narrative: narrative nonfiction, fiction, poetry 15% of the TEI will be drag and drop + hot spot TEI items frequently require more than one response to be correct; no partial credit 3

5 4 Reading Test Information 4 While items have increased in rigor, traditional MC items still exist. The two types will be interspersed. Easier and more challenging items are mixed, with the intent that easy items are interspersed between more difficult items. 3

6 5 VDOE Reading Cut Scores 5

7 6 Increased Rigor: Word Knowledge 2010 English Standards of Learning Word analysis and reference materials items make up 7 of 40 questions Emphasis on Prefixes, Suffixes, Greek and Latin roots in word study: MCPS Grades 3, 4, and 5345 Vocabulary study using authentic texts and applying context clues Emphasis on author’s meaning within context 6

8 7 Word Knowledge Word Study Standards Across Grade Levels 3rd Grade Skills4th Grade Skills5th Grade Skills Apply phonetic principles Divide multisyllabic words into syllables Apply knowledge of homophones roots, prefixes and suffixes synonyms and antonyms Use knowledge of homophones roots, prefixes and suffixes, synonyms and antonyms Use knowledge of homophones roots, prefixes and suffixes, synonyms and antonyms Use context to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words Use context to clarify the meaning of unfamiliar words Use context to clarify the meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases Use context and sentence structure to determine meanings and differentiate among multiple meanings of words. Use vocabulary from other content areas Study word meanings across content areas Use word reference resources including the glossary, dictionary, and thesaurus Use word reference materials including the glossary, dictionary, and thesaurus Use dictionary, glossary, thesaurus, and other word reference materials including Identify an author's use of figurative language 7

9 8 8 Word Knowledge VDOE Vocabulary Sample Lesson Plans My understanding is that the following lesson plans were developed by the VDOE once staff became familiar with how the skills will be assessed. Applying phonetic principlesApplying phonetic principles (PDF) / (Word) K Word Vocabulary developmentVocabulary development (PDF) / (Word) K.81.8Word HomophonesHomophones (PDF) / (Word) Word Context cluesContext clues (PDF) / (Word) Word Roots and affixesRoots and affixes (PDF) / (Word) Word Word reference materialsWord reference materials (PDF) / (Word) Word Figurative language – identifying onomatopoeia Figurative language – identifying onomatopoeia (PDF) / (Word) 5.4Word

10 9 Word Knowledge VDOE Resources English Enhanced Scope and Sequence (ESS) Sample Lesson Plans help teachers align instruction with the 2010 English Standards of Learning (SOL) by providing examples of how the knowledge, skills and processes found in the SOL and curriculum framework can be presented to students in the classroom. English Enhanced Scope and Sequence (ESS) Sample Lesson Plans 9

11 10 Reading – Vocabulary VDOE Sample Item 10

12 11 Reading – Vocabulary VDOE Sample Item 11 Vocabulary is tested in passages and in stand-alone items.

13 12 Reading – Vocabulary VDOE Sample Item 12

14 13 Reading – Vocabulary VDOE Sample Item 13 The standards and their application in SOL testing use “root word” in two different ways. In this example, “root word” is used as “base word,” meaning words that exist on their own as a recognizable word in the English language. For example, "inspect" is the base word of inspection, inspected, inspecting and inspector. So far this is the only way I’ve seen “root” used in Grade 3. By Grade 5, “root word” takes on a different meaning. Root words are portions of a base word that do not stand alone, have no meaning by themselves in the English language, and are usually derived from Greek or Latin. Continuing the previous example, the root word of "inspect" is the Latin word "spec" meaning see.

15 14 Reading – Vocabulary VDOE Sample Item 14

16 15 Reading 15

17 16 Increased Rigor 2010 English Standards of Learning Emphasis on nonfiction texts, text structures, and organizational patterns Making inferences and drawing conclusions based on explicit or implied information in more complex texts Differentiate between fact and opinion Comparison within text but not paired tests (3-5) 16

18 17 Reading Fiction and Nonfiction Students will need to return to the text to answer questions: Sample Text-Dependent QuestionsSample Text-Dependent Questions 17

19 18 Nonfiction Patterns of Organization/Text Structure Across Grade Levels 3rd4th5th Sequence Main Idea and Supporting Detail Cause/effect Sequence Main Idea and Supporting Detail Cause/effect Comparison/contrast Problem/solution Chronological Students should be familiar with words that help them understand how the author has organized the information. To understand the elaboration of the SOL skills, teachers should review the Curriculum Framework available on the MCPS English/Language Arts Elementary Curriculum page. Frameworks are listed under VDOE documents.MCPS English/Language Arts Elementary Curriculum 18

20 19 Graphic Organizers Rigor will be applied to using graphic organizers after reading to synthesize information within a selection to show the relationship of ideas. 19

21 20 Graphic Organizer: Tree 20

22 21 Graphic Organizer: Web 21

23 22 Graphic Organizer: Flow Chart 22

24 23 Graphic Organizer: Cause-Effect 23

25 24 Graphic Organizer: Comparison/Contrast 24

26 25 Reading: Fact and Opinion 25

27 26 Reading: Summarizing 26

28 27 Reading: Summarizing 27

29 28 Reading 28

30 29 Additional Sample TEIs Review the samples of the technology enhanced items from the Standards of Learning tests and use similar formats in your formative assessments. A video explanation of the technology-enhanced Reading, Writing & Science SOL test items are available. They are similar to the previously posted Mathematics demonstration. ReadingWritingScienceMathematics 29


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