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BIOLOGY EOC REPORTING CATEGORY : 3
Reporting Category 3 Evolution and Classification
Evolution Change over time
Endosymbiotic Theory Mitochondria Chloroplast
Evidence for Evolution…or COMMON ANCESTRY Homologous Structures Traits that are similar in different species because the species share a common ancestor. ► Same structure, ► different function
EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION… or COMMON ANCESTRY MOLECULAR HOMOLOGIES GENETIC SEQUENCES SHOW SIMILARITIES AMONG ORGANISMS. EXAMPLE: HUMAN GENOMES AND CHIMPANZEE GENOMES ARE 99% IDENTICAL
EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION… or COMMON ANCESTRY EMBRYOLOGY HOMOLOGIES EMBRYOS
EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION… or COMMON ANCESTRY FOSSIL RECORDS OLDEST YOUNGEST FOSSIL RECORDS CAN BE USED AS A TIME LINE OF HOW LIFE HAS EVOLVED
TAXONOMY: the way biologist classify or group organisms Based on similarities and differences
11 Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Gets more specific King Came Over For Good Spaghetti Phillip
CLADOGRAM IS USED TO SHOW THE EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS AMONG SPECIES It shows how members of a group change over time, giving rise to new groups
CLADOGRAM Which are most closely related? Canis lupus & Canis latrans or Canis lupus & Lutra lutra Canis latrans & Taxidea taxus or Canis latrans & Panthera pardus
LEQ: How do biologist organize living things? 15.7 to 15.9.
Classification Organizing the Diversity of Life. Why do we classify things? – Supermarket aisles – Libraries – Classes – Teams/sports – Members of a family.
Phylogeny and Systematics Chapter 26: (Making “Trees of Life”)
Warm-Up: The shaded sequence of nucleotides is for a gene from DNA that is similar to what you might find from a living human (Living DNA). The rest are.
Classification- putting things into orderly groups based on similar characteristics.
AP Biology Discussion Notes Wednesday 11/12/2014.
Evolution and Taxonomy Goals 3.05 and Where did life come from? Abiogenesis –Life came from non-living material Biogenesis –Living things come other.
Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life. Overview: Investigating the Tree of Life Evolutionary theory is so important to modern biology that it is how.
Objective: Chapter 26- Biological Diversity. The Tree of Life Phylogeny is the evolutionary history of a species or group of related species What evidence.
QUIZ 1.What is the science that describes, names and classifies organisms? 2.Linnaeus classified organisms according to their ______ & ______. 3.(True.
Classification of Organisms
Phylogeny. Intro: Why study evolutionary relationships? Legless lizards and snakes look like they could be considered the same species By studying evolutionary.
CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS. LEARNING GOALS: By the end of class, I will be able to: Explain how organisms are classified Explain traditional and modern.
Phylogeny & the Tree of Life Chapter 26. Phylogeny & Systematics Phylogeny: ◦ Evolutionary history of a species or group of species ◦ Determined by evidences.
Fig Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Overview: Investigating the Tree of Life Phylogeny is the.
Chapter 17 Classification of Organisms Section 1 Biodiversity Be Able To: Relate biodiversity to biological classification. Explain why naturalists replaced.
10.4 Evidence of Evolution KEY CONCEPT Evidence of common ancestry among species comes from many sources.
Phylogeny and the Tree of Life Chapter 26. Investigating the Tree of Life Phylogeny is the evolutionary history of a species or group of related species.
LG 4 Outline Evolutionary Relationships and Classification Goals of Systematics Phylogenetic Trees – Taxonomy – The Linnaean System of Taxonomy Binomial.
Animal Classification and Dichotomous Keys. Why classify? In order for biologists to study the diversity of life, organisms are classified in a universal.
Classification. Hierarchical classification Panthera pardus Panthera Felidae Carnivora Mammalia Chordata Animalia Eukarya Domain Kingdom Phylum Class.
Lesson 1 Notes: Organisms. An organism is a living thing. In order to be living you must: – Grow – Reproduce – Respond to the environment – Be made up.
Classification (taxonomy) EQ: What are the methods used to reveal phylogeny?
Taxonomy, Classification... and some phylogeny too!
HISTORY OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY Unit 4 1. Chapter 16 Primate Evolution 2.
Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life. Objective SWBAT explain and demonstrate that organisms share many conserved core processes and features that.
Classification and Systematics Tracing phylogeny is one of the main goals of systematics, the study of biological diversity in an evolutionary context.
The theory of evolution is supported with the following evidence 1. Fossil record- using relative dating and carbon-14 dating to determine age of extinct.
UNIT IV DIVERSITY OF LIVING THINGS Scientific Classification.
Phylogeny and Systematics By: Ashley Yamachika. Biologists use systematics They use systematics as an analytical approach to understanding the diversity.
Cladograms or Phylogenetic Trees. Phylogenetic Trees or Cladograms By studying inherited species' characteristics and other historical evidence, we can.
Taxonomy Chapter 13 I. The classification of living things A. History Aristotle ( BC) was the first to devise a system of classification PLANT.
Classifying Organisms. Organisms are classified into groups. Organisms are classified into groups based on four characteristics: Organisms are classified.
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Classification Chapter 17 Table of Contents Section 1 Biodiversity.
Chapter 14 Notes Why Classify? Categories of Biological Classification: 1. Why Classify? –Eliminate confusion –Organize information –Reveal Evolutionary.
THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF BIODIVERSITY. YOU MUST KNOW… THE TAXONOMIC CATEGORIES AND HOW THEY INDICATE RELATEDNESS HOW SYSTEMATICS IS USED TO DEVELOP.
Lecture #3 Evidence of Evolution Unit 6: Evolution.
REPORTING CATEGORY 3. #8-GENETIC DIVERSITY SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST -Traits that have advantages lead to increased fitness -Traits will be passed down.
Categorize organisms below: DogCatCat fish LionWolfApple tree DandelionsLizard SharkMouseDeer.
Classification. Finding Order in Diversity Biologists have… identified and named 1.5 million different species estimate million additional species.
Evidence of Evolution How Scientists Determined that Living Things Change Over Time Video #3 – “How Do We Know Evolution Happens?”“How Do We Know Evolution.
Classification Biology I. Lesson Objectives Compare Aristotle’s and Linnaeus’s methods of classifying organisms. Explain how to write a scientific name.
An Introduction to Classification November 29, 2010.
5.4 Cladistics The ancestry of groups of species can be deduced by comparing their base or amino acid sequences.
Chapter 18 Classification. Taxonomy - the science of classifying organisms and giving them a universally accepted name.
Modern Classification sorts organisms into groups shows relationships among them Phylogeny Systematics Cladistics.
Reporting Category TEK 7A Analyze and evaluate how evidence of common ancestry among groups is provided by the fossil record, biogeography,
CHAPTER 25 TRACING PHYLOGENY. I. PHYLOGENY AND SYSTEMATICS A.TAXONOMY EMPLOYS A HIERARCHICAL SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMATICS, THE STUDY OF BIOLOGICAL.
Classification of Living Things. Why do we classify things? Supermarket aisles Libraries Classes Teams/sports Members of a family Roads
SYSTEMATICS AND PHYLOGENY. Upon first glance, one would probably classify this as a…________, but…
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