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BIOLOGY EOC REPORTING CATEGORY : 3
Evolution and ClassificationReporting Category 3
Evolution Change over time
Endosymbiotic Theory Mitochondria Chloroplast
Evidence for Evolution…or COMMON ANCESTRY Homologous StructuresTraits that are similar in different species because the species share a common ancestor. Same structure, different function
EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION… or COMMON ANCESTRYMOLECULAR HOMOLOGIES GENETIC SEQUENCES SHOW SIMILARITIES AMONG ORGANISMS. EXAMPLE: HUMAN GENOMES AND CHIMPANZEE GENOMES ARE 99% IDENTICAL
EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION… or COMMON ANCESTRYEMBRYOLOGY HOMOLOGIES EMBRYOS
EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION… or COMMON ANCESTRY FOSSIL RECORDSYOUNGEST OLDEST FOSSIL RECORDS CAN BE USED AS A TIME LINE OF HOW LIFE HAS EVOLVED
TAXONOMY: the way biologist classify or group organismsBased on similarities and differences
Kingdom Phylum King Phillip Came Gets more specific Over For GoodLinnaeus’s System of Classification Kingdom King Phylum Phillip Class Came Order Over Family For Gets more specific Genus Good Spaghetti Species
CLADOGRAM IS USED TO SHOW THE EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS AMONG SPECIES It shows how members of a group change over time, giving rise to new groups
CLADOGRAM Which are most closely related? Canis lupus & Canis latransor Canis lupus & Lutra lutra Canis latrans & Taxidea taxus Canis latrans & Panthera pardus
LEQ: How do biologist organize living things?
Classification Organizing the Diversity of Life. Why do we classify things? – Supermarket aisles – Libraries – Classes – Teams/sports – Members of a family.
Phylogeny and Systematics
Warm-Up: The shaded sequence of nucleotides is for a gene from DNA that is similar to what you might find from a living human (Living DNA). The rest are.
Classification- putting things into orderly groups based on similar characteristics.
AP Biology Discussion Notes Wednesday 11/12/2014.
Evolution and Taxonomy Goals 3.05 and Where did life come from? Abiogenesis –Life came from non-living material Biogenesis –Living things come other.
Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life
Objective: Chapter 26- Biological Diversity. The Tree of Life Phylogeny is the evolutionary history of a species or group of related species What evidence.
QUIZ What is the science that describes, names and classifies organisms? Linnaeus classified organisms according to their ______ & ______. (True or False)
Classification of Organisms
Phylogeny. Intro: Why study evolutionary relationships? Legless lizards and snakes look like they could be considered the same species By studying evolutionary.
CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS. LEARNING GOALS: By the end of class, I will be able to: Explain how organisms are classified Explain traditional and modern.
Phylogeny & the Tree of Life
Fig Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Overview: Investigating the Tree of Life Phylogeny is the.
Chapter 17 Classification of Organisms Section 1 Biodiversity Be Able To: Relate biodiversity to biological classification. Explain why naturalists replaced.
NGSSS SC.912.L.15.1* Explain how the scientific theory of evolution is supported by the fossil record, comparative anatomy, comparative embryology,
Phylogeny and the Tree of Life
LG 4 Outline Evolutionary Relationships and Classification
Animal Classification and Dichotomous Keys. Why classify? In order for biologists to study the diversity of life, organisms are classified in a universal.
Lesson 1 Notes: Organisms. An organism is a living thing. In order to be living you must: – Grow – Reproduce – Respond to the environment – Be made up.
Taxonomy, Classification... and some phylogeny too!
HISTORY OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY Unit 4 1. Chapter 16 Primate Evolution 2.
Classification and Systematics Tracing phylogeny is one of the main goals of systematics, the study of biological diversity in an evolutionary context.
The theory of evolution is supported with the following evidence 1. Fossil record- using relative dating and carbon-14 dating to determine age of extinct.
UNIT IV DIVERSITY OF LIVING THINGS Scientific Classification
Phylogeny and Systematics By: Ashley Yamachika. Biologists use systematics They use systematics as an analytical approach to understanding the diversity.
Cladograms or Phylogenetic Trees. Phylogenetic Trees or Cladograms By studying inherited species' characteristics and other historical evidence, we can.
Taxonomy Chapter 13 I. The classification of living things A. History Aristotle ( BC) was the first to devise a system of classification PLANT.
Classifying Organisms. Organisms are classified into groups. Organisms are classified into groups based on four characteristics: Organisms are classified.
Chapter 17 Table of Contents Section 1 Biodiversity
Chapter 14 Notes Why Classify? Categories of Biological Classification: 1. Why Classify? –Eliminate confusion –Organize information –Reveal Evolutionary.
THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF BIODIVERSITY
Lecture #3 Evidence of Evolution
REPORTING CATEGORY 3. #8-GENETIC DIVERSITY SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST -Traits that have advantages lead to increased fitness -Traits will be passed down.
Categorize organisms below: DogCatCat fish LionWolfApple tree DandelionsLizard SharkMouseDeer.
How Scientists Determined that Living Things Change Over Time
Classification Biology I. Lesson Objectives Compare Aristotle’s and Linnaeus’s methods of classifying organisms. Explain how to write a scientific name.
An Introduction to Classification November 29, 2010.
5.4 Cladistics The ancestry of groups of species can be deduced by comparing their base or amino acid sequences.
Chapter 18 Classification. Taxonomy - the science of classifying organisms and giving them a universally accepted name.
Phylogeny Systematics Cladistics
CHAPTER 25 TRACING PHYLOGENY. I. PHYLOGENY AND SYSTEMATICS A.TAXONOMY EMPLOYS A HIERARCHICAL SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMATICS, THE STUDY OF BIOLOGICAL.
Classification of Living Things. Why do we classify things? Supermarket aisles Libraries Classes Teams/sports Members of a family Roads
SYSTEMATICS AND PHYLOGENY.
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