More Word Connections Consulo, consulere, consului, consultus – consult: consul – the highest elected official (you would consult this person) Curo, curare, curavi, curatus – care for, cure: cura – worry, care, concern Impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus – command: imperator – commander
English Derivatives - what word do they come from and what do they mean? That was a laudable success The people lived in amity A multitude of errors He should improve his pecuniary habits There was a copious amount of water The dragon was a predatory creature (praeda)
More derivatives The town was inundated He behaved in a puerile way The boy merited a trophy She needed to augment her income The young man was in a bellicose mood Cleopatra was famous for her pulchritude
Even more derivatives She questioned the veracity of that statement That was a verbose speech There was a paucity of supplies The disease was in its incipient stage
Prefixes + Root Words English Immigrate/emigrate Legible/illegible Latin Exspecto/inspecto Amicus/inimicus
What Do I Include on My Scratch Paper? Declension Charts - Really Important 1 st Declension SingPl Nom-a-ae gen-ae-arum dat-ae-is acc-am-as abl-ā-is
Scratch Paper – Shortened Translation Tips Really Important 1. Verb ending? Person? 2. Subject – noun w/ nom ending?? Agree with verb?? 3. Translate verb 4. D.O. English = S., V., DO
Additional Options Verb Chart Any of the blue tense charts that you want to include (and remember!) Any of the ‘to be’ word charts Anything that you think you need!
Neuter Nouns Neuter nouns belong to the 2 nd declension. They are neither masculine or feminine. Neuter nouns end with –um or –ium in the nominative singular. Neuter nouns end with –a in both nominative and accusative plural.
Adjective Rule The ending of an adjective must agree with the ending of the noun it modifies in case, number, and gender. Why does this matter? Troīanī cum barbarīs multa bella gessērunt.
Keywords Genitive Case – OF When translating a genitive word to English, precede that word with the keyword ‘of’. Do not use apostrophe, then s (‘s), like we typically do in English! Ablative of Means By, with, by means of Dative Case – Indirect Object Uses the keywords ‘to’ or ‘for’ The noun to or for whom the action is done.