Presentation on theme: "Unit 3 Review Introducing Unit 3. Action Verbs and Direct/Indirect Objects."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 3 Review Introducing Unit 3
Action Verbs and Direct/Indirect Objects
DAY 1 action verb – a word that expresses action. It tells what the subject of the sentence does or did. My dog chased turkeys. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q2gCrABrj_U
DAY 1 Your Turn: Write each sentence. Underline each action verb. 1. The turkeys trotted across the ice. 2. They slipped and slid all over the place. 3. I laughed when I saw them. 4. Did anyone take a picture of them? 5. They disappeared before I found my camera.
Direct and Indirect Objects
DAY 1 Direct object – a noun or pronoun in the predicate that receives the action of the verb. It answers the question “what?” or “whom?” after an action verb. Ex. Mom bought tickets. Indirect object – usually comes before the direct object. It answers the question “to what?”, “to whom?”, “for what?”, or “for what?” after an action verb. Ex. Mom gave my sister the tickets. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MrqprPQQWkQ
DAY 1 Your Turn: Write each sentence. Circle each verb. Draw one line under each direct object. Draw two lines under each indirect object. 1.My sister created a costume. 2.My brother gave my sister advice. 3.The actors rehearsed their lines before the show. 4.The comedian told the audience funny jokes. 5.Who handed the singer flowers as she performed?
DAY 3 present tense – shows action that happens now. Ex. My family plans its vacation. past-tense – shows action that has already happened. Ex. Last year we sailed to an island. future-tense – shows action that may or will happen. Ex. This summer we will fly overseas. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e3GLFPcAPio
DAY 3 Your Turn: Write each sentence. Underline each verb. Then tell the tense of each verb. 1.My mother studies a foreign language. 2.Both of her parents often talked in Spanish. 3.By next summer, my mother will speak fluently. 4.Who helped her with her pronunciation? 5.I hope that someday I will know a new language.
DAY 2 A present-tense verb must agree with its subject. Add –s to most verbs if the subject is singular. Add –es to verbs that end in s, ch, sh, x, or z. Do not add –es if the subject is plural or I or you. Ex. Jenny catches the ball. Her friends race off the field. When parts of a compound subject are joined by or, either…or, or neither…nor, the verb agrees with the subject that is nearer to it. Ex. Either Jon or Ellen writes the daily column. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yEVhUEq6P1w
DAY 2 Your Turn: Write each sentence. Use the correct present-tense form of each verb in parentheses. 1. The pilot (check) the instrument panel. 2. Green lights (verify) that everything is normal. 3. The other pilots (communicate) over the radio. 4. The lead jet (rush) down the highway. 5. You (consider) enrolling in flight school some day.
Main Verbs & Helping Verbs
DAY 3 verb phrase – a verb that contains more than one word. main verb – the last word in a verb phrase helping verbs – all other words in a verb phrase. It helps the main verb show an action or make a statement. The verb be is often used as a helping verb with a present participle, or a verb ending in – ing. The verb is often used as a helping verb with a past participle, or a verb ending in –ed. Ex. Our family will watch the shows we have recorded. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGrIJpI5yh0
DAY 2 Your Turn: Write each sentence. Underline each main verb and circle the helping verb. 1.My sister has followed this program for years. 2.The series will reach its conclusion next spring. 3.They may release a movie shortly after that. 4.We will be checking the magazines for news about it. 5.I should pay that much attention to my studies.
DAY 4 present progressive – tells about an action that is continuing (or in progress) now. Use the helping verb am, is, are followed by a present participle. past progressive – tells about an action that was continuing at an earlier time. Use the helping verb was or were followed by a present participle. I am counting the days until vacation. I was reading about our destination.
DAY 4 Your Turn: Write each sentence. Use the progressive form of the verb in parentheses () that makes the most sense. 1.We (hope) that we can visit the famous fountains. 2.Last year, the park’s staff (repair) them all summer long. 3.People complained that the water (look) discolored. 4.Reports say that the fountains (attract) huge crowds. 5.My father (explore) other options just in case.
DAY 4 present perfect tense – an action that happened in the past. It also tells about an action that began in the past and continues in the present. Use the helping verb have or has followed by a past participle, which is usually the –ed form of the verb. Ex. I have performed in two plays this year. Past perfect tense – one past action that occurred before another past action. Use the helping verb had and a past participle Ex. At this time last year, I had performed in four plays. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AWA7l9bCUy4
DAY 4 Your Turn: Write each sentence. Use the present perfect or past perfect tense of the verb in parentheses. 1.I (rehearse) my lines for the show every day this week. 2.Last week we (worry) there wouldn’t be enough time. 3.My teachers and parents (assure) me that I would do fine. 4.For years now my brother (promise) to support my acting.
DAY 4 linking verb – links the subject with a word in the predicate. Ex. be, seem, feel, appear, become, smell, stay, and taste predicate noun – renames or identifies the subject predicate adjective – describes the subject Ex. Luke is a fine cook. Ex. His soups taste delicious. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LmdK2PKoC9w
DAY 4 Your Turn: Write each sentence. Circle each linking verb. Underline the predicate noun or predicate adjective that follows it. 1.My father is a student in a cooking class. 2.His rice pilaf smells strange. 3.He was nervous about adding too much salt. 4.This meal seemed difficult even for a master chef.
DAY 4 irregular verbs – verbs in the past tense that do not add –ed. Ex. PresentPastParticiple be (am/are/is)was/werebeen comecamecome telltold seesawseen givegavegiven eatateeaten drawdrewdrawn gowentgone rideroderidden
DAY 4 Your Turn Write each sentence. Use the correct form of each verb in parentheses. 1.Yesterday the scientists (go) to the new laboratory. 2.A guide (bring) them to see the new equipment. 3.Some of them had (take) a tour of the building before. 4.“They (think) about it but decided not to, “the guide (say).