3 State StandardsSPI Identify the correct use of Verbs (i.e., action, linking, regular/irregular, agreement) within context. SPI Identify sentences with the correct subject-verb agreement (person/number) within context.
4 I Can…I Can identify the correct use of action verbs.
5 Action Verbs 1. Action Verbs show Action. Examples: Run Jump Skip Hop PunchKickThink
6 Direct Object2. Direct object – is a noun or pronoun in the predicate that receives the action of the verb. It answers the question what? Or whom? Ex. Mike found a book about dinosaurs. What did Mike find? A book Ex. Our class visited a planetarium. What did our class visit? A planetarium Direct objects- book and planetarium
7 Indirect Objects3. Indirect Objects – answer the questions To what? For what? To whom? or For whom? after an action verb.An Indirect Object always comes before the Direct object.Ex.Jen gave Elena a telescope. (To whom did Jen give the telescope?)ElenaI gave Ashley the star map. (To whom did you give the star map?)Ashley
9 Verb Tenses4. Past Tense- shows action that has already happened. Most past tense verbs end in ed. 5. Present Tense – shows action that is happening now. 6. Future Tense – shows action that will happen. Ex. Jumped jump will jump
10 Subject Verb Agreement 7. In the present tense, the subject and the verb must agree in number. 8. A singular subject must agree with a singular verb. SINGULAR VERBS end in S. Ex. He arrives early. She leaves for work. Mom cooks supper. My aunt loves to travel. 9. In compound subjects joined by or, either, neither, or nor the verb agrees with the subject closest to it.
11 Subject Verb Agreement 10. A plural subject agrees with a plural verb. Ex. I arrive early. They leave for work. My grandparents cook supper. Mom and Dad love to travel. Use plural verbs with : The words I and you and compound subjects joined by and.
12 Verb Phrases11. Verb Phrase = consists of a helping verb and a main verb. 12. The main verb shows what the subject does or is. 13. The helping verb helps the main verb show an action. 14. By itself, a helping verb cannot show action.
13 Common helping verbs am, are, is, was, were be, being, been have, has, haddo, does, didwill, wouldmay, might, mustshall, shouldcan, could
16 Linking Verbs15. Linking Verbs = is a verb that links the subject to a noun or an adjective in the predicate. 16. Linking verbs DO NOT show action. Some verbs can act as either linking verbs or action verbs. Ex. Hanna felt scared. (Linking Verb-Felt links Hanna to scared) Hanna felt the soft fur. (Action verb)
17 Common Linking Verbs am appear was stay being is feel be smell seem arebecomeweretastebeen
18 Present Progressive Form 17. Present Progressive – is the form of the verb that tells about an action that is happening right now. 18. To form the present progressive form use the helping verbs am, is, or are followed by the ing (present participle) form of the verb. Ex. I am reading this sentence. You are writing notes. He is sitting in English class. We are enjoying school.
19 Past Progressive Form19. Past Progressive – is the form of the verb that describes an action that was happening sometime in the past. 20. To form the past progressive form, use the helping verbs was or were. Ex. You were wearing diapers several years ago. I was attending college in Jefferson City. We were learning about prepositions.
20 Present Perfect Tense21. The present perfect tense of a verb tells about an action that happened in the past. It also tells about an action that began in the past and is STILL happening. 22. To form the present perfect tense, use the helping verbs have or has followed by a verb ending in d or ed. (past participle) Ex. I have traveled to Disney World. They have played golf for many years. My parents have been married for 15 years.
21 Past Perfect Tense23. The past perfect tense of a verb tells about one past action that happened before another past action. 24. To form the past perfect tense use the helping verb had and the past participle d or ed. Ex. People had traveled by horse and buggy before cars. Before 19oo no one had heard of motorized vehicles. No one had driven a car in 1900.
22 Irregular Verbs25. Irregular Verbs = do not add d or ed to form the past tense and past participle. 26. To form the present perfect or past perfect tense of an irregular verb, use the helping verb has, have, or had with the past participle. The best way to learn irregular verbs is to memorize them. Ex. Joan has known Billy for years. I threw the ball to Jessie. She had swum in the marathon 20 years ago.
23 Irregular VerbsI drink unsweet tea. I drank Dr. Pepper. I have drunk Pepsi. She teaches English. She taught Social Studies. She has taught First Grade.