Presentation on theme: "If you can do it, it is a VERB!"— Presentation transcript:
1 If you can do it, it is a VERB! VERBSIf you can do it, it is a VERB!
2 Kinds of Verbs Action Linking Helping Physical or mental action Describes a state of being. It connects the subject with a word in the predicate that explains or describes the subject (PN or PA).Helping verbs attach to the main verb. It helps the main verb express an action (Helping verb + action verb = verb phrase)
3 Example Action Verbs Go Swim Eat Follow Drink Listen Fly Believe CompareAnalyzeInterpretDevelopCleanSitStandDrive
4 Linking Verbs Be Am Is Are Was Were Being Been Appear Become Feel Grow LookRemainSeemSmellSoundStayTasteTurn
5 Helping Verbs Be Am Is Are Was Were Have Has Had Do Does Did May Might MustCanCouldShallShouldWillWouldBeingBeen
7 Direct Object Direct Object – receives the action of the verb Noun or pronounFollows an action verbAnswers the questions What? or Whom?If the action verb has a D.O., it is called a transitive verb. If there is no D.O., it is called an intransitive verb.
8 Example Direct Object She studied math for homework. Subject = she Action verb = studiedDirect object = math (It answers “What” she studied.)
9 Indirect ObjectIndirect object – indirectly receives the action of the verbNoun or pronounFollows an action verbComes before a direct objectAnswers the questions To What? For What? To Whom? Or For Whom?
10 Example Indirect Object He bought Mandy a bouquet of flowers.Subject = heAction verb = boughtDirect object = bouquet (it answers the question “What” he bought)Indirect object = Mandy (It answers the question “For Whom” he bought the flowers.)
11 Linking Verb and Predicate Words Predicate NounPredicate Adjective
12 Predicate Noun Noun or pronoun Follows a linking verb Renames or defines the subject (The subject and PN can switch places and the sentence will make sense.)
13 Example PN He is a teacher. Subject = he Linking verb = is PN = teacher (Teacher and he can switch places and the sentence is still correct.)
14 Predicate Adjective Adjective Follows a linking verb Describes the subject
15 Example PA She is beautiful. Subject = she Linking verb = is PA = beautiful
16 Principal Parts of Verbs The principal parts of verbs are used to create all tenses of verbs.PresentPastPresent ParticiplePast Participle
17 Present Indicates time in the present Base form of a verb For example: start or wear
18 PastVerbs used to indicate something happened at a previous point in time.Most verbs in the past tense add “ed” to the end.For example: start becomes startedSome verbs in the past tense are irregular. They totally change spelling.For example: wear becomes wore
19 Present ParticipleThe present participle is used to indicate that something is currently happening.Form the present participle by adding “ing” to the base form of the word and “be”, “am”, or “is” in front of this new word.For example: start becomes is startingwear becomes is wearing
20 Past ParticipleThe past participle is used to indicate something happened at an undefined period of time.To form the past participle 1. Add “ed” to the end of a regular verb or correctly create the past participle tense of an irregular verb 2. Add “has”, “have”, or “had” in front of the verbFor example: 1. start becomes has started2. wear becomes has worn
21 Irregular VerbsIrregular verbs do not follow the normal pattern of conjugation into each of the principal parts of verbsThese verbs often change spelling to form the past, present participle, and past participle tenses. There are a few verbs that keep the same spelling for all four principal parts.The only way to know these verbs is to memorize them.
22 Sample Common Irregular Verbs (not a complete list of irregular verbs) PresentPastPresent ParticiplePast ParticipleBeginBeganIs beginningHas begunBlowBlewIs blowingHas blownDoDidIs doingHas doneDrinkDrankIs drinkingHas drunkGoWentIs goingHas goneWriteWroteIs writingHas writtenBreakBrokeIs breakingHas brokenBecomeBecameIs becomingHas becomeBringBroughtIs bringingHas broughtBurstIs burstingHas burstSwimSwamIs swimmingHas swumKnowKnewIs knowingHas known
23 Simple TensesWe use clocks and watches to tell time. We use verbs the same way. The tense of the verb tells time in the sentence.Present – action that happens nowPast – action that already happenedFuture – action that will happenPresent Progressive – “be”, “am”, “is” or “are” plus a verb ending with “ing” – means something is in progressPast Progressive – “was” or “were” plus a verb ending with “ing” – means something was in progressFuture Progressive – “will be” plus a verb ending with “ing” – means something will be in progress
24 Present TenseBase form of the verb modified to agree with the subject in number.For example: We run to the store.She runs to the store.
25 Past TenseCreate the past tense by adding an “ed” to the base verb, if it is a regular verb. If it is an irregular verb, change the verb accordingly.For example: We create things. (present)We created things. (past regular)We drink water. (present)We drank water. (past irregular)
26 Future TenseForm the future tense by adding “will” or “shall” to the base form of the verb.For example: They swim in the pool. (present)They will swim in the pool. (future)
27 Present Progressive Shows that the action(s) is (are) in progress You are learning English.
28 Past Progressive Shows the action(s) was (were) in progress You were learning English.
29 Future Progressive Shows the actions(s) will be in progress You will be learning English.
31 Present Perfect I have worn jeans. (present perfect) The present perfect tense is used to show something that is existing or happening sometime before now. Key word – duringForm the present perfect tense by 1. creating the correct past participle of the verb and 2. add “have” or “has” in front of it.For example: I wear jeans. (present) [irregular verb]I have worn jeans. (present perfect)He looks nice. (present) [regular verb]He has looked nice. (present perfect)
32 Past PerfectThe past perfect tense is used to show something existing or happening before a specific time in the past. (It is a double past something happened before something else happened) Key word - afterForm the past perfect by 1. creating the correct past participle of the verb and 2. add “ had” in front of the main verbFor example: She walked the trail. (past ) [regular verb]She had walked the trail. (past perfect)The compost became soil. (past) [irregular verb]The compost had become soil. (past perfect)
33 Future PerfectThe future perfect tense is used to represent something existing or happening before a specific time in the future. (It is a double future. Something happens before something else happens.) Key word - beforeTo form the future perfect 1. form the past participle of the verb 2. add “will have” or “shall have” in front of the past participle.For example: She has smiled today. (past participle) [regular verb]She will have smiled today. (future perfect)They have worn boots. (past participle) [irregular verb]They will have worn boots. (future perfect)
34 Troublesome Verb Pairs Sit and setRise and raiseLie and layLet and LeaveKnow the proper definition of each word to be able to spell and use it correctly.
35 Sit and Set Sit – means “to be seated” or “to rest” (no object) Set – means “to place or put something” (usually takes a direct object)PresentPastPresent participlePast participlesitsatis sittinghave satPresentPastPresent participlePast participlesetis settinghave set
36 Example Sit and Set Please, sit in your chair. (present) He sat in his seat, yesterday. (past)He is sitting in his seat. (present participle)He has sat there for an hour. (past participle)Set your books on the desk. (present)She set her book on the desk. (past)She is setting her book on the desk. (present participle)She has set her book on the desk. (past participle)
37 Rise and Raise Rise – means “to go upward” or “to get up.” (no object) Raise – means “to lift something up” (usually takes a direct object)PresentPastPresent participlePast participleriseroseis risinghave risenPresentPastPresent participlePast participleraiseraisedis raisinghave raised
38 Example Rise and Raise They always rise early on Sunday. (present) They rose early on Sunday. (past)They are rising early on Sunday. (present participle)They have risen early on Sunday. (past participle)They raise geese. (present)They raised geese. (past)They are raising geese. (present participle)They have raised geese. (past participle)
39 Lie and Lay Lie – means “to recline” or “to be in place” (no object) Lay – means “to put down” or “to place” (usually takes a direct object)PresentPastPresent participlePast participlelielayis lyinghave lainPresentPastPresent participlePast participlelaylaidis layinghave laid
40 Example Lie and Lay Lie down and take a nap. (present) He lay down and took a nap. (past)He is lying down for a nap. (present participle)He has lain down for a nap. (past participle)Lay your clothes on the bed. (present)She laid her clothes on the bed. (past)She is laying her clothes on the bed. (present participle)She has laid her clothes on the bed. (past participle)
41 Let and LeaveLet – means “to allow” or “to permit” (it can have an object)Leave – means “to depart” or “to allow something to remain where it is.” (it can have an object)PresentPastPresent participlePast participleletis lettinghas letPresentPastPresent participlePast participleleaveleftis leavinghas left
42 Example Let and Leave Mom let me do the dishes. (present) Yesterday, Mom let me do the dishes. (past)Mom is letting me do the dishes tonight. (present participle)Mom has let me do the dishes all week. (past participle)I leave for work at 5:30 A.M. (present)I left for work at 5:30 A.M. (past)I am leaving for work at 5:30 A.M. (present participle)I have left for work at 5:30 A.M. (past participle)