Presentation on theme: "KANSAS NEBRASKA ACT. The Kansas-Nebraska Territory was supposed to be free according to the Missouri Compromise. Kansas-Nebraska Territory."— Presentation transcript:
KANSAS NEBRASKA ACT
The Kansas-Nebraska Territory was supposed to be free according to the Missouri Compromise. Kansas-Nebraska Territory
Senator Steven Douglass wanted a railroad to go from his hometown of Chicago, Illinois to the Pacific Ocean. CHICAGO
Northerners wanted the railroad to run through northern states. Southerners wanted it to run through southern states.
Steven Douglas came up with a plan that would make both Northerners and Southerners happy. 5ft 4in.
Southern senators agreed to putting the railroad in the north IF the northern part of the Louisiana Territory would be opened up to slavery again. Popular sovereignty In 1854, Douglas proposed his new plan, The Kansas-Nebraska Act
The Kansas-Nebraska Act split the territory into two territories: Kansas and Nebraska. Each territory would decide to be slave or free by popular sovereignty (vote)
This caused a mini-Civil War in Kansas People supporting both sides moved in to the territories just to sway the vote
DO QUESTIONS OVER DRED SCOTT
a medical officer in the the army, took Scott to the Illinois and Wisconsin territories which prohibited slavery by the Missouri compromise. Emerson died and his wife inherited Scott
THE BOOK THAT ROCKS THE WORLD Harriet Beecher Stowe wanted to show the world the truth behind slavery. She wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin to do just that. The book portrays slavery as an evil and cruel specter. SYNOPSIS -Uncle Tom is an elderly slave who helps with an escape. He refuses to tell the overseer where the runaway slaves have gone and loses his life for it.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin becomes the 2 nd best selling book in the world, only behind the bible. The book infuriated the south, seeing it as an insult to their culture. The book awakened those in the north who up to this point had not taken slavery serious. Preston Brooks attacks Senator Charles Sumner on the Senate floor
BLEEDING KANSAS JOHN BROWN AND
John Brown -from New York (north) -deeply religious -thought that God put him on the earth to fight slavery
A group of pro-slavery men raided a free-soil settlement, killing and setting fire to the town.
John Brown and his sons raided a village at Pottawatomie Creek (pro-slavery village) and killed five men
Then John Brown disappeared
In 1859, John Brown re-appeared John Brown decided to stage a slave revolt John Brown and a few followers took control of an arms depot at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia
The plan failed because no slaves showed up to get the guns
The U.S. Army came and captured John Brown
Brown was hanged for treason
Some Northerners called John Brown a HERO Southerners were APPALLED