Presentation on theme: "Web Design and Internet Literacy Kathleen Eilers crandall Camille Aidala TIDE at ASD – June 22, 2000."— Presentation transcript:
Web Design and Internet Literacy Kathleen Eilers crandall Camille Aidala TIDE at ASD – June 22, 2000
Introduction – Presenters Workshop leaders: Kathleen Eilers crandall, Ph.D. English professor at NTID; develops and uses web technologies for teaching reading, writing, computer technology, and education courses Camille Aidala Instructional Developer at NTID; provides design and development services for faculty, staff, and administrators
Introduction – Objectives Objectives for this workshop: 1.Understand how a web page works 2.Design and produce a small web site (2 – 3 web pages) that includes: text, images, links, lists, tables, and communication contact. 3.Collect resources to assist you with continued skill development
Introduction – Participants Survey of Participants Purpose: to assist us in addressing your needs so we can start the hands-on activities at the level of your present needs and skills. Your Access Your Audience Your Experience
Introduction – Materials Participants’ bookmark file including: Materials developed for this workshop –PowerPoint presentation –Directions for producing a basic web site Supplementary resources –Browsers –Web Development Tools –Lesson Plans –Educational Sites for Students –Research on Internet Use in Education
Bookmarks (Favorites) … Everyone should be at a computer that is connected to the Internet. Web Design WorkshopEveryone should have their Web Design Workshop disk.
Loading Your Bookmarks 1.Open browser - Netscape 2.At the top menu bar, click on: Communicator, Bookmarks, and Edit Bookmarks NOTE: Concepts are similar for the IE browser. (You would import favorites to use your bookmark file.)
Loading Your Bookmarks 3.In the bookmarks window, click on: File / Open Bookmarks File 4.You now see the bookmark file we gave you. 5.Close the Bookmarks window.
Managing Bookmarks 1.Go to this presentation: http://www.rit.edu/~kecncp/ ASD-TIDE/WebDesign.htm http://www.rit.edu/~kecncp/ ASD-TIDE/WebDesign.htm 2.On the Location Toolbar, click the Bookmarks button, and then Add Bookmark, OR drag the location flag to the Bookmarks button. 3.This new bookmark is now at the bottom of your list.
Managing Bookmarks 4.You can have many bookmark lists, but only one list can be active at a time. 5.To save a bookmark list, click the Bookmarks button and choose Edit Bookmarks. Then, open the File menu and choose Save As.
Managing Bookmarks 6.You can use Help to learn more about bookmark lists. 7.Click F1 for Help. Click index and search for bookmarks.
How Does the Web Work? How do you learn best? –Direct exploration and experimentation (student- directed) –Watching, reading, listening to someone else tell you about it (teacher-directed) –A combination of both How a Web Page Works What is the internet? (sites accessed June 2000)
Terms: Page & HTML Web pageWeb page – a text file that contains a set of HTML tags that tell a browser what to do. HTML (hyper text markup language)HTML (hyper text markup language) – a computer language that tells a web browser how a web page should be displayed. HTML tags do things like change the font color, arrange things in tables, display forms, embed graphics.
Terms: Browser & Server Web browserWeb browser – a computer program on your computer that knows how to go to a web server, get a web page, and interpret the HTML tags. Web serverWeb server – a piece of computer software that responds to a browser’s request and sends a page through the internet to a web browser on your computer.
Terms: Homepage & URL HomepageHomepage – the main web page for a business, organization, person or simply the main page out of a collection of web pages. Ex: “check out NTID’s new homepage. NTID’s new homepage URLURL – uniform resource locator. The standard way to give the address (location) of any resource on the internet that is part of the world wide web (WWW). Ex: http://www.rit.edu/~418www/new/NTID.html. http://www.rit.edu/~418www/new/NTID.html (sites accessed June 2000)
Web Design – Prerequisites Computer skill prerequisites Managing directories (folders) and files on your computer Using word processing Creating/manipulating images Using email Searching and browsing the internet
Web Design – Prerequisites Planning prerequisites Knowing what you want users to do at your web site. Breaking down what you want to do into logical, meaningful parts for display. Understanding the procedures for creating, displaying, and maintaining a web site.
Web Development Cycle 22. Design a site and a test plan 33. Prepare and code material for web display 44. Test and debug the pages 55. Make available to audience 66. Update 11. Analysis of site’s purpose (objectives)
1: Analysis of Site’s Purpose For this analysis, there are three questions to answer: Who are your potential users? Why are they visiting your web site? What do you want users to do at your web site?
1. Analysis of Site’s Purpose Worksheet We will now complete the worksheet questions to illustrate how we planned the web site for this presentation. Participants can recreate this web site, use this site as a model, or create a totally new web site.
Example Scenario: Who Who are potential users? Participants in this workshop People who would have liked to attend this workshop People who are curious about this workshop 11. Analysis of site’s purpose (objectives)
Example Scenario: Why Why are users visiting the web site? To complete the workshop activities To learn how to produce a simple web site 11. Analysis of site’s purpose (objectives)
Example Scenario: What What do you want users to do? Follow the workshop activities Produce an attractive, functional 2 to 3 page web site Get resources for continued learning Be able to contact the workshop leaders 11. Analysis of site’s purpose (objectives)
Summary – Analysis of Purpose Example Scenario Purpose: Provide information and directions to the participants of this workshop so they can –Produce a 2 to 3 page web site that includes text, images, links, lists, tables, and a communication contact –Review and continue to learn from this presentation after leaving this conference –Contact the workshop leaders.
2. Design a Site and a Test Plan To accomplish this task, you should consider: What is a logical flow of information? How can you facilitate ease of use? How can you present with visual clarity? How should your files be arranged? Will everything work right? (How will you test your site?) 22. Design a site and a test plan
Principles: Information Flow Organize your web site on paper. Good plans will: –Help you organize the content that you have. –Indicate where there are gaps or missing pieces. –Avoid time consuming and costly mistakes. –Let you see possible logic problems and design flaws. –Facilitate the sharing of ideas with others. 22. Design a site and a test plan
Ease of Use Help your audience: Write clear directions and information. Be task centered and concise, not unfocused or wordy. Display a table of contents or an index to allow users to navigate within your site. 22. Design a site and a test plan
Ease of Use (cont.) Follow a consistent design throughout your site: –Use similar logos, banners (headers), and buttons. –Be consistent with margins, spacing, font styles, and positioning. –Use colors and images to convey meaning. Arrange screens in a logical way: –Organize information from left to right, and from top to bottom. –Group similar information visually. 22. Design a site and a test plan
Visual Clarity Use color purposefully and sparingly. –Maintain similar color scheme; Don’t confuse users. –Check visibility of the color combinations. Limit number of fonts. –Not all computer have the same fonts available. –Check readability of your fonts and font sizes. 22. Design a site and a test plan
File Arrangement Use a project folder (main folder) on your disk for your web site. –Create sub folders as needed. –Give files meaningful names and save files to these folders When you work on different computers, copy the entire project folder. –Do not just copy files or subfolders. –This practice avoids errors and broken links. 22. Design a site and a test plan
Test Plan Do all the images appear? Do all the links work? Does the site appear correctly on different browsers? Can users accomplish the site objectives? Do pages have good visibility and legibility? 22. Design a site and a test plan
2. Design a Site and a Test Plan Worksheet We will now complete the worksheet questions to illustrate how we designed a site and test plan for the web site for this presentation.
Example Scenario: Flow Elements from – Step 1: Summary – Analysis of PurposeStep 1: Summary – Analysis of Purpose Workshop bookmarks Workshop presentation Worksheets Web Design and Internet Literacy Workshop 22. Design a site and a test plan Homepage Pages Linked to Homepage
Example Scenario: Ease of Use Web content will come from: bookmark file PowerPoint presentation worksheets First page of site will be a contents page with links to the other three site pages. 22. Design a site and a test plan
Example: Ease of Use (cont.) Design or find a banner (header) for a 640 x 480 screen. Headings twice as large as other text with color to match banner and ornate type font White page background Black, Ariel type font for text Green links, blue previously accessed links, red active links Photos of participants and presenters working, not larger than 1/3 height of screen (160 pixels) 22. Design a site and a test plan
Example Scenario: Visual Clarity All pages at the site will follow the same: banner design color scheme font scheme 22. Design a site and a test plan
Example Scenario: Files Site will have only two folders (directories): ASD-TIDE (Main folder) Images (Sub folder of ASD-TIDE) ASD-TIDE folder will have four html files: Bookmarks-WebDesign.htm index.htm (This is the homepage.) Survey of Workshop Participants.doc Web Design and Internet Literacy.ppt Worksheets-WebDesign.doc Image folder will contain 5 picture files: One banner Five photos 22. Design a site and a test plan
Image Files Images are in different files from the html code. Image files are only referenced in the html file. This is different than in a word processing file. There images are typically part of the file.
Example Scenario: Test Plan Check that all the images appear and test all links. Try the site on IE 5+ and Netscape 4+ browsers and at different screen resolutions. Check objectives: –contents of this workshop are available –resources for further learning exist –users can contact the leaders of this workshop Check visibility and legibility of pages 22. Design a site and a test plan
3. Prepare and Code Material To accomplish this task, you will: Design or collect and prepare graphics. Collect and prepare photos. Collect and prepare text content. Prepare the html code for each of the web pages in your site.
Example Scenario: Materials Design appropriate banner (header) Collect and prepare photos of participants and presenters. Collect and prepare text materials –write content materials (presentation file) –prepare resources (bookmark file) –workshop worksheets (MS Word file) 33. Prepare and code material for web display
Design Banner (Header) You can use a pre-existing banner from your school or department. You can design a banner in a graphics program. You can get a free banner from Internet sources. See your bookmark file. –http://www.flamingtext.comhttp://www.flamingtext.com –http://www.freewebtemplates.com/banners/index.shtmlhttp://www.freewebtemplates.com/banners/index.shtml We will use a TIDE banner that we prepared for this demonstration. TIDE banner (sites accessed June 2000) 33. Prepare and code material for web display
Collect and Prepare Photos You may want to use photos from your personal or your school’s existing collection. Demo of scanning traditional photos HP Tutorials – How to Scan a Photo You may need to collect new pictures. Demo of digital camera (Sony Mavica) to collect photos of workshop participantsSony Mavica (sites accessed June 2000) 33. Prepare and code material for web display
Text Materials Content materials: You will probably have your materials already prepared in a word processor format or in a presentation format, which can be converted to html. You may want to point students to outside resources. See your bookmark file for Lesson Plan sites and other education resources. 33. Prepare and code material for web display
Example Scenario: Text Materials Content materials: –This presentation –Bookmarks –Worksheets 33. Prepare and code material for web display
Prepare the Html Code This is most easily done by: A good html editor (so you don’t need to learn the html code) The use of programs that convert a word processing document, a presentation, a spreadsheet, a database into html code 33. Prepare and code material for web display
Html Editors Full-feature Editors: –MS FrontPage –Micromedia Dreamweaver Basic-feature Editors: –Netscape Composer (free with Netscape Browser) –MS FrontPage Express (on most MS Office disks)
Using an Html Editor Basic skills: 1.Typing in new text 2.Inserting images 3.Adding links 4.Making a list 5.Using tables 6.Including an email contact 33. Prepare and code material for web display
Using an Html Editor Tutorials: http://www.trainingtools.com/ Netscape Composer ) (from Auburn)Netscape Composer Dreamweaver (from RIT)Dreamweaver FrontPage (from Digital Education Network)FrontPage (sites accessed June 2000) 33. Prepare and code material for web display
Example Scenario: Html Editor The HTML for this presentation Homepage was developed with an html editor. You can use this as a template for your own web page Presentation Homepage Save it on your disk.
Demo of Basic Skills Demo 1: Typing in new text Demo 2: Inserting images Demo 3: Adding links Demo 4: Making a list Demo 5: Using tables Demo 6: Including an email contact 33. Prepare and code material for web display
Converting files Any Microsoft Office application can be changed into html by using Save As Web Page. Word documents PowerPoint presentations Excel spreadsheets Access databases Publisher publications Office 2000 does this well. Example 33. Prepare and code material for web display
4. Test and Debug the Pages Test everything before you upload your pages to a server. Follow your test plan.test plan You may need to return to portions of: –Step 2: Design a site and a test plan, or toStep 2 –Step 3: Prepare and code materialStep 3
5. Make Available to Audience The final step is uploading your html files and the related dependent files to a server. Your school may want to review your web pages before you can upload them to the school’s web server. To do this, you can use your web editor (Netscape Composer, FrontPage, Dreamweaver) or an FTP program such as WS_FTP. (site accessed June 2000) WS_FTP
Uploading Before uploading, you will need: A way to connect to the internet (an ISP – Internet Service Provider) The address of the host computer and the operating system used by that computer An account with adequate space on a host computer (a web server) that is open to the web A folder (directory) on the host computer to which you have access
Free ISP and Web Space Some Examples free ISP: –FreeLane – www.FreeLane.comwww.FreeLane.com –Juno – www.juno.comwww.juno.com free space on a web server: –www.geocities.comwww.geocities.com free email account: –www.hotmail.comwww.hotmail.com
Test Pages (Site) Online Do not forget to test your pages after you have uploaded your html files and the related dependent files. If you find broken links or other problems: –Go back to the pages on your offline computer. –Locate the needed changes and edit the pages. –Retest the pages on your computer –Upload the files again to the web server computer –Retest the pages online.
6. Update Establish a regular maintenance schedule. Keep pages that are open to the public as current as possible. Remember your web pages are a direct reflection of you and your school.
Presenters: Kathleen Eilers crandall NTID English Department Rochester Institute of Technology Rochester, NY 14623 Phone: (716) 475-5111 Fax: (716) 475-6500 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: http://www.rit.edu/~kecncp Camille Aidala NTID Department of Educational Resources Rochester Institute of Technology Rochester, NY 14623 Phone: (716) 475-6028 Fax: (716) 475-6500 Email: email@example.com