Platform: - Independent This means it can be interpreted on any computer regardless of the hardware or operating system.
HTML: - Hypertext Markup Language This is a type of computer language used to create Web Pages. It is commonly known as HTML Code.
HTML is an abbreviation of Hyper Text Markup Language Hyper Text implies that the links in one document connect it to another document Markup implies that texts are edited in some way to better their appearance Language is a set of instructions for a computer
1.HTML code written in plain text editor, such as Notepad 2.HTML editor, which is a program that will write the code for you. FrontPage, Microsoft Expression
HTML codes are also referred to as HTML tags. The first tag that the beginner needs to become familiar with is the tag. This tag sets the beginning of the hypertext document.
The tag sets the end of the hypertext document, this is the last tag of the document. Within these container tags there are two positions of a web page: A header and a body.
These tags are enclosed by the lesser than brackets. They are usually paired to indicate the start and end of an instruction.
The opening bracket is followed by an element This element is a browser command It ends with a closing bracket. The tags can be written in capital or lower case letters.
Start of the instruction has the tag and element. An element may be followed by attributes Attributes are words that describe the properties of the element It gives the instruction to the browser
Example of an attribute Attributes are only contained in the opening of the HTML tags to the right of the element They are separated by a space and followed by equal = sign.
The value follows the equal sign It is enclosed in quotes .
End of the instruction – the tag with a forward slash ( ) and the element IE: Welcome to my Web Page
Remember that a tag should not have any spaces between the opening bracket and the element. IE: this is correct this is not correct
HTML is interpreted and viewed by a WEB BROWSER such as Internet Explorer or Google Chrome HTML documents are plain text files and can be created using any text editor one of which is NOTEPAD
The first tag that the beginner needs to become familiar with is the tag. This tag sets the beginning of the hypertext document. The tag sets the end of the hypertext document, this is the last tag of the document. Within these container tags there are two portions of a web page: a header and a body.
- The TITLE of your web page. This will be visible in the title bar of the viewers’ browser. The next set of tags is the which should contain the tags.
Write the title of your masterpiece within the title tags; the code for the title of this page for example, looks like this Using HTML to write a Web Page When you upload your next web page notice how the title is displayed in your browser
The body is a container tag which contains information about how the page will display in your browser This is where you will begin writing your document and placing your HTML codes.
The code tells the browser to have a black (#000000) background and white(#ffffff) text with blue(#0000ff) links that turn purple (#ff00ff) after they have been visited.
begins your HTML document contains information about the page The title of your page closes the HTML tag this is where you begin placing your HTML codes. closes the HTML tag closes the tag
If the HTML code do no enhance your web page, it is probably best to leave it out. It is important to remember that the more special effects you add to your web page, the longer your web page will take to load.
You should also ensure that the effect you are trying to achieve does not irritate your visitors. Using excessive pop up windows, frames and placing scrolling test within the status bar can irritate your visitor, causing them to leave your web page and never return.
HEADINGS This is a heading This is a subheading This is a sub-subheading You can use up to
At the beginning of each paragraph you should use the tag. It may be used with a but not necessarily. Thus it may be a container tag but 1 used it as a separator tag.
The tag enables you to center text. You put the tag before the text you want entered, and the tag after you’re done. HEADING IE: Welcome to my second Web Page
This will insert 3 horizontal lines of different thickness and length The tag stand for horizontal rule
text of link URL Universal Resource Locator, contains the protocol http, ftp, etc… for locating the particular document the text of the link (visible to the user) goes after the > and before the
Open up Notepad Type in the above codes Save it in your webmaster folder Remember to save the extension as yournameWebPage2.html Remember no spaces in the name of your html.
SAMPLE WEB PAGE Your 2nd web page should include: A centered heading ○ Use and tags A paragraph of text in the body ○ Use and tags At least 2 horizontal lines of different size ○ See previous slides At least 1 hyperlink to another site ○ Use tag
PRACTICE HTML Go to http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.a sp http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.a sp Try some of the HTML Tutorials given (save for future reference) These will be helpful when you start your website!!
This is a text editor that comes with Windows. How to access Notepad Start by selecting Programs from the start menu then selecting – Accessories Scroll down and find the program Notebook Create a shortcut to your desktop
Establishing background color, text color, link color, and vlink color. Background (red), text(white), link(blue), and the vlink(purple)
Open up INTERNET EXPLORER Select FILE from the menu bar (if FILE is not there, right click next to the menu bar, select the MENU BAR) Select browse (you have to select the right directory where you saved your html file)
Select the directory with your UserName on the U drive Open the directory and then the file Click the OK button
Remember every time you make changes and you want to view your Web Page you have to resave your work in Notepad with the extension.html