XP Browser and E-mail Basics1. XP Browser and E-mail Basics2 Learn about Web browser software and Web pages The Web is a collection of files that reside.
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XP Browser and E-mail Basics2 Learn about Web browser software and Web pages The Web is a collection of files that reside on computers, called Web servers. –Web servers are connected to each other through the Internet The software you use to connect your computer to the Web server is your Web browser. –Common Web browsers are Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer –These browsers use a standard Graphical User Interface design
XP Browser and E-mail Basics3 The Microsoft Internet Explorer window
XP Browser and E-mail Basics4 Computers and the Internet
XP Browser and E-mail Basics5 Learn about Web addresses and URLs Each computer on the Internet has an unique identification number, called an IP (Internet Protocol) address. The IP addressing system currently in use on the Internet uses a four-part number. Each part of the address is a number ranging from 0 to 255, and each part is separated from the previous part by a period, for example: 220.127.116.11.
XP Browser and E-mail Basics6 Where do these ip addresses point to? http://18.104.22.168/ ?http://22.214.171.124/ http://126.96.36.199/ ?http://188.8.131.52/
XP Browser and E-mail Basics7 When you use a Web browser to access a Web page stored on a Web server, you need to provide the browser with a Uniform Resource Locator (URL).
XP Browser and E-mail Basics8 URL A URL is a Web Page’s address and identifies where the web page is stored on the Internet. It is a four-part addressing scheme. –See page BEB 8
XP Browser and E-mail Basics9 Identify the parts of a URL Server address could be ip address !
XP Browser and E-mail Basics10 Although each computer connected to the Internet has a unique IP address, most Web browsers use domain name addressing to locate Web sites and pages.
XP Browser and E-mail Basics11 Commonly used domain names
XP Browser and E-mail Basics12 Several must-known terms ISP Internet Service Provider WWW World Wide Web URL Uniform Resource Locator, which can uniquely identify a web resource on the Internet. –A URL consists of a protocol, domain name, and sometimes the path to a specific web page or even a location in a web page. http:// hypertext transfer protocol.
XP Browser and E-mail Basics13 Html and web page (Hypertext Markup Language) - The coded format language used for creating hypertext documents on the World Wide Web and controlling how Web pages appear. The language for web pages
XP Browser and E-mail Basics14 Create two web pages
XP Browser and E-mail Basics15 Anchor tags are used to define hyperlinks Text files on Web servers are coded with HTML formatting tags that enable your browser to read text. The tag that gives HTML its power, however, is the anchor tag. Each anchor tag used in an HTML document, or Web page, creates a hypertext link or hypermedia link to other HTML documents or to other media. These links are a different color than other text on the page, and are sometimes underlined. When you click the link, you connect to another Web page.
XP Browser and E-mail Basics16 Identify a hyperlink on a Web page
XP Browser and E-mail Basics17 Hyperlinks and Web pages
XP Browser and E-mail Basics18 Save and organize Web addresses Use Internet Explorer's Favorites list to store and organize a list of Web pages that you have visited so you can return to them easily. The Favorites button on the Standard Buttons toolbar opens the Add Favorite dialog box. Use the Favorites list to open URLs you have stored as favorites. Create folders to organize your favorites in the way that best suits your needs and working style. Organize your folders in a hierarchical structure using the Organize button on the Favorites Explorer Bar.
XP Browser and E-mail Basics19 Favorite Web sites can be saved and organized
XP Browser and E-mail Basics20 Printing a Web Page Make sure the page you want to print is displayed in the browser window. Select Print from the File menu to open the Print dialog box. Ready the printer and click the Print button.
XP Browser and E-mail Basics21 Saving a Web Page You can save a Web page by clicking the Save As option in the File menu. Options for saving a Web page: –Web Page, complete –HTML code –Web page text
XP Browser and E-mail Basics22 Saving a Web Page
XP Browser and E-mail Basics23 Saving a Web Page Graphic Open the Web page containing the graphic you wish to display. Right-click the graphic and select Save Picture As from the shortcut menu. Navigate to where you want to save the picture, save the filename if necessary, and click the Save button.
XP Browser and E-mail Basics24 Saving a Web Page Graphic
XP Browser and E-mail Basics25 Learn about e-mail and e-mail software E-mail, or electronic mail, is an efficient way to exchange messages with others on a network. This network may be small and self-contained, such as within an office, or as large as the Internet. E-mail messages can go to only one recipient or to dozens of recipients at once. When you send a message, it travels through the network to an e-mail server. The e-mail server stores messages until the recipient(s) request them.
XP Browser and E-mail Basics26 How E-mail works
XP Browser and E-mail Basics27 E-mail address components You may have an e-mail account through a business network or you may create an e-mail account with a service that provides Internet access. An e-mail address consists of: –A user name or login ID –The “at” symbol (@) –The name of the e-mail server
XP Browser and E-mail Basics28 Send and receive e-mail using Microsoft Outlook Express To access your e-mail account you also need an e-mail program, which is also called e-mail client software. You use the e-mail program to open, print, delete, reply to, forward, and save mail from your e-mail server. One such program is Microsoft's Outlook Express, which installs as part of Internet Explorer. Outlook Express can be accessed through the Start menu on the All Programs submenu.
XP Browser and E-mail Basics29 Microsoft Outlook Express
XP Browser and E-mail Basics30 Send and receive e-mail To send an e-mail message: –Press the New Mail button on the Outlook Express toolbar –Type in the e-mail addresses of the recipient –Type your subject matter –Type your message and then click the Send button To retrieve mail that has been sent to you: –Click the Send/Recv button on the toolbar –Outlook Express will contact your e-mail server and download your e- mail messages To reply to a message: –Click the Reply button –The recipient address and the subject matter are automatically filled in –When you have completed typing your reply, click the Send button
XP Browser and E-mail Basics31 The Outlook Express New Message dialog box
XP Browser and E-mail Basics32 Reply to an e-mail message
XP Browser and E-mail Basics33 Adding contacts to the Address Book You can use the Address Book to keep track of all the people and organizations with which you correspond electronically. You not only can store the e-mail addresses for your contacts, but also all other related information. Click the Addresses button on the toolbar to open the Address Book, and then select New Contact from the New button on the toolbar.
XP Browser and E-mail Basics34 Adding contacts to the Address Book
XP Browser and E-mail Basics35 Attaching a file to a message To attach a file to a message, first create a new message and click the Attach button on the toolbar. Browse for and select the file you wish to attach to the message. After selecting the file, complete your message and click the Send button.
XP Browser and E-mail Basics36 Message with file attached
XP Browser and E-mail Basics37 Receiving a message with an attachment