Presentation on theme: "Answer the following questions:"— Presentation transcript:
1Answer the following questions: Briefly explain the conflict between Palestine and IsraelWhat were some of the problems with the “boundaries” established by imperialism?The Arab state of Palestine existed until 1948 when the state of Israel was declared by the United Nations.The boundaries were drawn according to the desires of imperial powers based on resources and geography. They ignored the clashing cultural groups they put together.
3Read page 408How many new nations are created by winning independence?What is the problem with studying recent history?Over 100 throughout the worldWe can not see the long term impacts of events occurring in recent history
4The Great LiberationColonial powers (Great Britain, France) are exhausted by WWII and let colonies go to avoid conflict decolonizationOver 100 new nations after gaining independenceExamples: India Nigeria Nepal Kuwait0-3:00
5Developing worldThese new nations pushed modernization characterized by stabilizing governments and developing economy
6Cold War influencesDeveloping nations had to determine the best governments and economic systems for themselves. Two main forces influenced them: United States: Democracy and CapitalismUSSR: Communism and Socialism (Government controls production)Some nations chose to be “Non-aligned”, meaning they didn’t side with either influence. For example, India becomes a Democratic state with a Socialist system
7InterdependenceDependence on the goods, resources and knowledge from other parts of the world.Creates problems and opportunity so many organizations are developed to deal with rising issues: United Nations World Health Organization European CommunityAssociation of Southeast Asian Nations World Bank
8Enduring Issues Nuclear Weapons: 1945 1980 3 world wide 50,000+ Nuclear non-proliferation treaties aim to stop the spread of Nuclear weapons
9Enduring IssuesTerrorism: Deliberate use of random violence, esp. against civilians, to exact revenge or achieve political goalsOn the rise since the 1960’s: Palestinians killed Israel’s Olympians to protest the forming of an Israeli state
10Enduring IssuesHuman Rights: Nations around the world agreed to guarantee freedom of Speech, Religion, and Press, along with the right to earn a living.“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood”
11Enduring IssuesHuman Rights abuses: torture and arbitrary arrests still common in developing nations. The world will use political and economic sanctions to stop abuse. Sometimes armed force is used.Ex: South Africa and Apartheid
12Global North- Rich Global South- Poor Economic TrendsGenerally speaking the world can be split into two spheres:Global North- Rich Global South- Poor
14Bell Ringer What does Non-aligned mean? What are the 4 enduring issues that the world deals with today?-Nuclear weapons -Terrorism -Human Rights -Human Rights abusesWhat does Non-aligned mean?Why was there mass decolonization after WWII?Imperial nations like Great Britain, France and the US were tired from the War, broke and had been fighting for freedomThe developing nations do not side with Democracy (USA) or Communism(USSR)
15Global North and South North South Rich Well Educated Good Medical care CapitalismSupply and DemandPoor Underdeveloped limited education Higher birth rateLonger life expectancyOften exploits cheap labor of Global SouthDependent on north for loans, jobs, and goodsNorth and South are interdependent- If one fails the other will follow-Oil Crisis -Great Depression -current Recession
16Obstacles to Development GeographyPopulation and PovertyEconomic dependenceEconomic policiesPolitical instability
17GeographySome problems with geography include: -Few resources -Difficult climates-Unpredictable precipitation
18Population and Poverty As medical care improves and access to food increase, the population increases. Developing nations rarely have the resources to supply exploding populations with food, housing, education and employment.Better conditions= increase population= strain resources= povertyNearly 50% of the World population is 25 or youngerWhat kind of strains would this have on developing nations?
19Economic DependencePrevious Colonies are still dependent on the West for manufactured goods and Loans (used to modernize).What comes from third world nations?What comes from first world nations?Resources, new markets and laborManufactured goods, education and loans
20Economic PoliciesMany start with socialist economies; the government has a role in controlling production. Often this hinders economic growth because there is no investment capital. Many later turn to capitalism.
21Political instability Civil wars rage after colonial rulers part:-Dictators come to power, using state money to maintain control not help the people-Civil wars and genocide occur around the world as nationalities conflict
22Environmental RisksStarting in people began to notice industry is negatively impacting the environment:-Chemical pesticides and fertilizers harm soil and water-Oil Spills -industry gases turn into Acid Rain-Nuclear accidents- Chernobyl-The area around Chernobyl will not be safe for humans for over 900 years
23Green RevolutionScience used to increase food production using fertilizers, pesticides and expensive irrigation systems. Many plants were genetically altered to have higher yield.Food production skyrocketed but hurt the earth.
24Earth SummitUN sponsored conferences to discuss cleaning up and preserving the planet but many questions are raised:-Can the materialistic north sacrifice to protect the environment?-Who will help pay for cleaner production in developing nations?
25**Turning Point of History** There are MANY reasons WWII is considered a turning point of history:-Mass Decolonization (new nations still struggle with the effects of independence)-Cold War (persisting stigma against communists and socialism)-Nuclear Weapons (We now have the ability to quickly and completely destroy the world)-Cold war influence Developing World
27World Economies Develop The development of economies in the superpowers
28What does OPEC stand for? What does OPEC do? What two policies did Gorbechev introduce to bring change to the Soviet Union?Organization of Petroleum Exporting CountriesRegulate the price, production and cost of Petroleum oilPerestroika- Economic reforms (privatization)Glasnost- Openness about the governmentWho was the first Russian President? Who is the Russian president today?The conflict in Bosnia was a genocide. What was the cause?Boris YeltsinVladimir PutinEthnic conflict between Croats (Catholics), Serbs (Christians) and Muslims
29World Economies Develop The development of economies in the superpowers
30The West The West includes the US, Britain, France, Australia, etc. The west has seen a shift from a manufacturing economy to a service industryService industries focus on healthcare, finance, sales, education and recreation
31European CommunityIn 1957 six nations agreed to form the European Community to grow trade between them. They created a common market and offered special tariffs for trade between them.In the 1990s it was renamed to the European Union and includes many more nations.The European Union regulates costs, production and prices
32JapanAfter WWII much of Japan was damaged and it had lost its colonies.However, with aid from the US, Japan developed a DemocracyAmericans pushed social reform, promoting women’s rights, universal suffrage and educationJapan’s Parliament= the Diet
33Japan: Economic Superpower Began making textiles but quickly moved into making cars, cameras, and technologyJapanese technicians and architects work throughout the worldHow did Japan catch up so quickly after WWII?-highly skilled/ educated workers-spent little on military budget-economic powerhouse/ military weak
34Bell RingerWhat are two reasons that Japan was able to build a strong economy after WWII?What is the role of the European Union? What is a benefit of membership?-United States Aid and Advice-Skilled Workforce-Highly EducatedIt is a Trade Organization so it determines prices, costs and production.The benefit is members get reduced tariffs so trade is more profitable, boosting the economy
35Indian IndependenceGandhi led independence movement stressing passive resistance and civil disobedienceIn 1947 Britain divided India into Pakistan (Muslims) and India (Hindu). Millions moved according to religionGandhi was killed trying to stress non violence among the moving religious groups.
36Democratic IndiaIndia became the world’s largest democracy. Kept many of the British Laws and government systems.Very diverse: over 1 Billion people, with over 15 languagesThe Nehru dynasty- for 40 years after independence the Nehru family were elected as Prime Ministers; Father to Daughter-both were assassinated
37India’s EconomySocialist= five year plans focused on heavy industry (steel)India is experiencing quick economic growth in some areas, but much of the nation remains poor and rural.Today the Indian economy is just starting to slow down but foreign investors continue to operate factories and service centers in India
38How does the European Union (or community) work to promote trade? India became an independent “non-aligned” nation. What does this mean?The union reduces tariffs (taxes) between member nations, lowering pricesThey were not sided with either the a democratic or communist nationThey were a democratic- socialist nationList 2 conflicts associated with the Cold War and the US policy of ContainmentWhat does the Global North provide to the world? What does the Global South provide the World?-Berlin Airlift -Cuban Missile Crisis -Korean War -Vietnam War -Afghanistan conflictNorth: Loans, medicine, goodsSouth: New Markets, Cheap labor, resources
39Social reformsUsed Green Revolution techniques to increase food productionPopulation increasing but 1/3 live in poverty, eating one meal per daySons are valued in Indian Society,Why?
41Outlawed practicesTraditional values, such as the Caste system, have been outlawed, but are still unofficially practiced.The Indian Constitution forbids the mistreatment of untouchables but attempts to integrate society have failed.
42Egypt 99% of the population live on 10% of the land near the Nile 1950’s- Nasser created a military dictatorship and began modernizing EgyptNasser was determined to end foreign rule and gain control of the Suez Canal“This money is ours. This canal is the property of Egypt… The Canal was dug by Egypt’s sonsand 120,000 of them died while working. TheSuez Canal Company in Paris is an impostercompany”
43Nasser’s Legacy Led two wars against Israel Created a socialist state; he seized businesses and banks and land was given to peasantsBuilt the Aswan Dam providing 2 million acres of new farmland, but destroyed much of the natural landscapeFriends with the Soviets
44Hosni Mubarak Made peace with Israel Population growing faster than food productionMubarak controlled power and cracked down on protestors.Mubarak is eventually overthrown during the Arab Spring and replaced with a democratic government
45Iran’s Revolution Read pages 498-499 and answer the following: -What role did the US play in Iran’s Government in the 1950s? How did the Iranians feel about this US Role?-Why do you think the Americans got involved?-When opposition grew against the Shah, what did he do?-Study the Cause and Effect table on page 499. Draw a time line of events with at least 6 events from the Iran Revolution, causes and effects
46When I go to the office, I put on my shirt and I take off my Caste; When I come home, I take off my shirt and put on my Caste.”What is the main idea of the Quotation?1. The Caste system continues to influence Indian society2. the Caste System has been reflected by most Indians3. Successful urban workers in India belong the same Caste4. The Indian government officially supports the Caste System
47The rise of independence states in Asia and Africa after World War II demonstrates the 1. Failure of nationalist movements2. influence of socialism3. Success of United Nations peacekeeping forces4. Decline of European colonial empires
48Mohandas Gandhi is best known for his 1. use of passive resistance to achieve Indian independence2. Desire to establish Islamic Nations3. Opposition to Hindus holding political office4. Encouragement of violence to end British rule
49The primary goal of the Indian National congress (1855-1947) was to 1. reform the Hindu Religion2. Partition India between Muslims and Hindus3. Create a socialist economy4. Gain independence from Great Britain
50Since India’s independence in 1947, the government has had the greatest success in Increasing the overall food productionReducing the populationEliminating religious conflictControlling industrial pollution
51One reason India gained its Independence from Great Britain in 1947 was that 1. Great Britain was defeated in World War II2. The treaty of Versailles required Great Britain to give up its colonies3. Great Britain did not have the resources to maintain an empire4. India had supported the Axis powers during World War II
52During India’s independence movement, Mohandas Gandhi’s boycott of British textiles and products was effective because the British considered India a majorShipping centerIndustrial centerMarket for manufactures goodsSources of mineral resources