Presentation on theme: "What does OPEC stand for? What does OPEC do?"— Presentation transcript:
1What does OPEC stand for? What does OPEC do? What two policies did Gorbechev introduce to bring change to the Soviet Union?Organization of Petroleum Exporting CountriesRegulate the price, production and cost of Petroleum oilPerestroika- Economic reforms (privatization)Glasnost- Openness about the governmentWho was the first Russian President? Who is the Russian president today?The conflict in Bosnia was a genocide. What was the cause?Boris YeltsinVladimir PutinEthnic conflict between Croats (Catholics), Serbs (Christians) and Muslims
2World Economies Develop The development of economies in the superpowers
3The West The West includes the US, Britain, France, Australia, etc. The west has seen a shift from a manufacturing economy to a service industryService industries focus on healthcare, finance, sales, education and recreation
4European CommunityIn 1957 six nations agreed to form the European Community to grow trade between them. They created a common market and offered special tariffs for trade between them.In the 1990s it was renamed to the European Union and includes many more nations.The European Union regulates costs, production and prices
5JapanAfter WWII much of Japan was damaged and it had lost its colonies.However, with aid from the US, Japan developed a DemocracyAmericans pushed social reform, promoting women’s rights, universal suffrage and educationJapan’s Parliament= the Diet
6Japan: Economic Superpower Began making textiles but quickly moved into making cars, cameras, and technologyJapanese technicians and architects work throughout the worldHow did Japan catch up so quickly after WWII?-highly skilled/ educated workers-spent little on military budget-economic powerhouse/ military weak
7Bell RingerWhat are two reasons that Japan was able to build a strong economy after WWII?What is the role of the European Union? What is a benefit of membership?-United States Aid and Advice-Skilled Workforce-Highly EducatedIt is a Trade Organization so it determines prices, costs and production.The benefit is members get reduced tariffs so trade is more profitable, boosting the economy
8Indian IndependenceGandhi led independence movement stressing passive resistance and civil disobedienceIn 1947 Britain divided India into Pakistan (Muslims) and India (Hindu). Millions moved according to religionGandhi was killed trying to stress non violence among the moving religious groups.
9Democratic IndiaIndia became the world’s largest democracy. Kept many of the British Laws and government systems.Very diverse: over 1 Billion people, with over 15 languagesThe Nehru dynasty- for 40 years after independence the Nehru family were elected as Prime Ministers; Father to Daughter-both were assassinated
10India’s EconomySocialist= five year plans focused on heavy industry (steel)India is experiencing quick economic growth in some areas, but much of the nation remains poor and rural.Today the Indian economy is just starting to slow down but foreign investors continue to operate factories and service centers in India
11Social reformsUsed Green Revolution techniques to increase food productionPopulation increasing but 1/3 live in poverty, eating one meal per daySons are valued in Indian Society,Why?
13Outlawed practicesTraditional values, such as the Caste system, have been outlawed, but are still unofficially practiced.The Indian Constitution forbids the mistreatment of untouchables but attempts to integrate society have failed.
14Egypt 99% of the population live on 4% of the land near the Nile 1950’s- Nasser created a military dictatorship and began modernizing EgyptNasser was determined to end foreign rule and gain control of the Suez Canal“This money is ours. This canal is the property of Egypt… The Canal was dug by Egypt’s sonsand 120,000 of them died while working. TheSuez Canal Company in Paris is an impostercompany”
15Nasser’s Legacy Led two wars against Israel Created a socialist state; he seized businesses and banks and land was given to peasantsBuilt the Aswan Dam providing 2 million acres of new farmland, but destroyed much of the natural landscapeFriends with the Soviets
16Hosni Mubarak Made peace with Israel Population growing faster than food productionMubarak controlled power and cracked down on protestors.Mubarak is eventually overthrown during the Arab Spring and replaced with a democratic government
17Iran’s Revolution Read pages 498-499 and answer the following: -What role did the US play in Iran’s Government in the 1950s? How did the Iranians feel about this US Role?-Why do you think the Americans got involved?-When opposition grew against the Shah, what did he do?-Study the Cause and Effect table on page 499. Draw a time line of events with at least 6 events from the Iran Revolution, causes and effects