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15.5/16.3/16.5 1. 2 3  The key part of this word is the first five letters. 4.

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Presentation on theme: "15.5/16.3/16.5 1. 2 3  The key part of this word is the first five letters. 4."— Presentation transcript:

1 15.5/16.3/16.5 1

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4  The key part of this word is the first five letters. 4

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6  A form of government  Single-party dictatorship with blind obedience to a charismatic single leader.  State control of the economy.  Use of police spies and terror to enforce the will of the state. 6

7  Government control of the media to indoctrinate and mobilize citizens through propaganda.  Use of schools and youth organizations to spread ideology to children.  Strict censorship of artist and intellectuals with dissenting opinions. 7

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10  Moved toward greater prosperity and democracy  Economic growth during WWI Industrial production grew  Annexed Korea as a colony in 1910  Sought further rights in China- Twenty-One Demands 10

11  Political parties grew stronger  Members of the Diet exercised their power All adult men won right to vote Some changes for women (suffrage granted 1945)  Political Parties became manipulated by zaibatsu  Moderate Japanese slowed foreign expansion  1922: Signed treaty to limit size of navy 11

12  Rural peasants did not share in nation’s wealth  Cities: factory workers paid low wages Poverty drew them to socialist ideas of Marx/Lenin  Tensions between political and military leaders  Many highs and lows during 1920s 12

13  1929: Great Depression Disaster fed discontent among military and ultranationalists Nationalist further outraged by immigration policies by US, Canada, & Australia Nationalist suggested expansion to Asia for raw materials- Manchuria becomes their target 13

14  1931: provoked an incident to seize Manchuria Set up a puppet state known as Manzhouguo Japan withdrew from League of Nations for being condemned 14

15  1930s: ultranationalists winning support for foreign conquests and a stand against Western powers  Extreme nationalists assassinated a number of politicians  Military leaders plotted to overthrow the government  1937: Civilian government survived, but accepted military dominance 15

16  1930s: Japan took advantage of China’s civil war Expected to take complete control in a few years  1936: allied with Germany and Italy- signed the Tripartite Pact in Sept  WWII broke out

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19  Italian nationalists outraged by broken promises from France and Britain  Inspired by revolution in Russia- peasants seized land and workers went on strike or seized factories  Trade declined and taxes rose  Government splint into feuding factions 19

20  Son of socialist blacksmith and a teacher  Supported nationalism over socialism  1919: He organized veterans and discontented Italians into Fascist party Ancient Roman word- symbol of unity and authority  He was a fiery and charismatic speaker that promised end to corruption and replace turmoil with order 20

21  Organized his supporters into “combat squads” Black Shirts party militants were in favor of violent action over democratic process  Fascist gangs used intimidation and terror to oust elected officials Many civilians supported this  1922: March on Rome- Fascists marched to Rome and scared King Victor Emmanuel III King asked Mussolini to form a government as Prime Minister (Oct. 30, 1922) 21

22  Within three years Mussolini assumed more power and taken title Il Duce- “The Leader” Suppressed rival parties, muzzled the press, rigged elections & replaced elected officials with Fascist supporters  1929: He received support from Pope Pius XI for recognizing Vatican as independent state  Parliamentary monarchy was actually a dictatorship upheld by terror 22

23  He preserved capitalism  Representatives of business, labor, gov’t, and Fascist party controlled industry, agriculture, and trade  System favored upper classes and industrial leaders Success came at the expense of the workers- forbidden to strike and wages were low 23

24  Loyalty to the state replaced conflicting individual goals  Glorious state was all- important and the individual was unimportant except as a member of the state 24

25  Mussolini built the first totalitarian state  A one-party dictatorship attempts to regulate every aspect of the lives of its citizens  Fascist is an ideology of Totalitarianism just like Socialism under Stalin 25

26  No unifying theory like Marxist, but describes any centralized, authoritarian government that is not communist whose policies glorify the state over the individual and are destructive  Extreme nationalists and antidemocratic  “Survival of the Fittest” 26

27  Promised strong stable government and an end to the political feuding Sense of power and confidence at a time of disorder and despair Intense nationalism also revived national pride 27

28  Fascists were sworn enemies of socialists and communists  Communists worked for international change/ Fascists supported a society with defined classes Found allies with business leaders, wealthy landowners, and lower middle class Communist wanted classless society 28

29  Drew power by inspiring blind devotion  Used terror  Flourished during economic hardships  Party elite claimed to rule in the name of national interest 29

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32  After WWI Germany tottered on the brink of chaos  Threat of socialist revolution- Kaiser abdicated  Moderate leaders signed the armistice and eventually Versailles treaty  1919: Constitution drafted in Weimar and created democratic government Parliamentary system led by chancellor or prime minister 32

33  Political Struggles Weak because of multiple parties Weimar Republic blamed for Versailles Treaty  Runaway Inflation Economic disaster fed unrest French occupation of Ruhr Valley  Began recovery and Great Depression Led Germans to follow Adolf Hitler  Weimar Culture Culture did not keep with Germany’s illustrious past 33

34  By 1920 Hitler was the unquestioned leader of the National Socialist German Workers, or Nazi, party He organized his supporters in groups called “Storm Troopers”  Hitler was determined to become Fuhrer 34

35  One year out of prison, Hitler began his rise to power- Great Depression played in his favor Promised to end reparations, create jobs, and defy the Versailles treaty with rearming Germany  1933: He was appointed Chancellor through legal means  Within a year he was dictator Germany became a one-party state, he purged his own party and demanded unquestioned obedience 35

36  Hitler played on German’s past glories First Reich- Holy Roman Empire/ Second Reich- forged by Bismark  Launched large public works  Crash program to rearm Germany and he schemed to unite Germany and Austria Both were violations of Versailles Treaty  Became a Totalitarian State under Gestapo 36

37  Fanatical anti-semitism  1935 Nuremberg Laws  Nov. 7, 1938: led to Kristallnacht “Night of Broken Glass” (Nov. 8/9 th ) Plans towards “Final Solution”  Nazi Youth Textbooks were re-written to reflect Nazi views  Purging of German Culture 37

38 1. Remember you are a German. 2. Remain pure in mind and spirit! 3. Keep your body pure! 4. If hereditarily fit, do not remain single! 5. Marry only for love. 6. Being a German, only choose a spouse or similar or related blood! 7. When choosing your spouse, inquire into his or her forebears! 8. Health is essential to outward beauty as well! 9. Seek a companion in marriage, not a playmate. 10. Hope for as many children as possible! Your duty is to produce at least four offspring in order to ensure the future of the national stock 38


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