Presentation on theme: "Benito Mussolini Chapter 16 – Section 3. Do Now: Friday 4/5/13 Take out “Ripple Effect” worksheet from yesterday – we will discuss it Have Mussolini HW."— Presentation transcript:
Benito Mussolini Chapter 16 – Section 3
Do Now: Friday 4/5/13 Take out “Ripple Effect” worksheet from yesterday – we will discuss it Have Mussolini HW on desk – I’ll be checking it!
Mussolini’s Rise to Power son of a Socialist blacksmith & a teacher. socialist in his youth rejected socialism after the war & replaced it with Nationalism 1919: organized veterans and other discontented Italians into the Fascist party. In Rome they symbolized unity and authority Mussolini was a fiery and charismatic speaker set on ending corruption and replacing turmoil with order.
Mussolini Gains Control supporters were organized into “combat squads” The Black Shirts goal of the Black Shirts: rejected the democratic processes in favor of violent action. March on Rome: Mussolini marched his men to Rome demanding the removal of the government Fascist Government goal: crush communism & lower unemployment Fearing civil war, King Victor Emmanuel III asked Mussolini to become Prime Minister Named 27 th Prime Minister Rumor Violent overthrow Reality King Emmanuel allowed it
Il Duce’s Power 1925: assumed more power & took the title Il Duce meaning “The Leader” Suppressed rival parties, muzzled the press, rigged elections, & replaced elected officials with Fascist supporters Fascist Vatican City: Mussolini recognized Vatican City as an independent state Critics of the dictatorship were exiled, executed, thrown into prison Secret police and propaganda All political parties outlawed – except FASCIST Totalitarian State