Presentation on theme: "DOCTRINE OF BAPTISMS By Eric Gatera At Living Word Association Saturday, 22 June 2013."— Presentation transcript:
DOCTRINE OF BAPTISMS By Eric Gatera At Living Word Association Saturday, 22 June 2013
Doctrine of Baptisms The foundation of: 1.Repentance from dead works, and of 2.Faith toward God, of 3.The doctrine of baptisms, and of 4.Laying on of hands, and of 5.Resurrection of the dead, and of 6.Eternal judgment. Hebrew 6:1-2
Doctrine of Baptisms - Definitions The word “doctrine” in Hebrew 6:2 is the Greek word “didache” which mean instruction The word “Baptism” in the verse is “baptismos” which means ‘washing’. The verb to baptize is a transliteration of the Greek verb ‘baptizo’ which gave two nouns derivative in the New Testament: Baptismos (Masculin) and Baptisma (Neuter). The New Testament bible uses more the neuter form ‘baptisma’ for Christian baptisms than the masculine form ‘Baptismos’.
Doctrine of Baptisms – Definitions Cont’1 A. ‘Baptizo’ comes from the causative word ‘bapto’ which means “to dip”. 1.“Father Abraham, have mercy on me and send Lazarus so that he may dip [bapto] the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue” Luke16:24 2.“It is he to whom I shall give the morsel when I have dipped it [bapto].” John13:26 B. "While it is true that the basic root meaning of the Greek words for baptize and baptism is immerse/immersion, it is not true that the words can simply be reduced to this meaning, as can be seen from Mark10:38-39, Luke 12:50, Matthew3:11 / Luke3:16, 1Cor 10:2” ( William A. Dyrness (editor), Global Dictionary of Theology(Intervarsity Press 2008)William A. Dyrness (editor), Global Dictionary of Theology(Intervarsity Press 2008
Doctrine of Baptisms – Definitions Cont’2 “And when the Pharisee saw it, he was amazed that He had not first washed [baptizo] before dinner.” Luke 11:38 “For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except they wash [nipto] their hands oft, eat not, holding the tradition of the elders And when they come from the market, except they wash [baptizo], they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold, as the washing [baptismos] of cups, and pots, brasen vessels, and of tables.” Matthew7:3-4
Three different Baptisms Due to limited time, I will only share about these three forms of Baptism as found in the New Testament 1) John’s Baptism or Baptism of Repentance - Mark 1:4 2) Christian Baptism - Matt28:19 3) Baptism in the Holy Spirit - Acts1:5
John’s Baptism 1. Origin of the expression: “And he [Paul] said to them, Then to what were you baptized? And they said, To John's baptism.” Act 19:3 2. What was John’s Baptism all about? “John came baptizing in the wilderness and proclaiming the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.” Mark 1:4 3. Public Confession: “And all the land of Judea, and those of Jerusalem, went out to him [John] and were all baptized by him in the Jordan River, confessing their sins.” Mark 1:5 4. Fruits of repentance: “But seeing many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said to them, O generation of vipers, who has warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance” Matthew 3:7-8
John’s Baptism Cont’2 Examples of fruits worthy of repentance a. “And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then? He [John] answered and said to them, He who has two coats, let him give to him who has none. And he who has food, let him do likewise.” Luke 3:10-11 b. “And tax-collectors also came to be baptized and said to him, Teacher, what shall we do? And he said to them, Continue to do no more than that commanded to you.” Luke 3:12-13 c. “And the soldiers also asked of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said to them, Do not forcibly extort anyone, nor accuse any falsely. And be content with your wages.” Luke 3:14
John’s Baptism Cont’2’ “And when all the people heard Him, even the tax collectors justified God, having been baptized with the baptism of John. But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against themselves, not being baptized by him.” - Luke 7:29-30 MKJV « Et tout le peuple qui l'a entendu et même les publicains ont justifié Dieu, en se faisant baptiser du baptême de Jean; mais les pharisiens et les docteurs de la loi, en ne se faisant pas baptiser par lui, ont rendu nul à leur égard le dessein de Dieu.» Luc 7:29-30 LS
John’s Baptism Cont’3 Who was John the Baptist? “Then they said to him [John], Who are you so that we may give an answer to those who sent us? What do you say of yourself? He said, I am "the voice of one crying in the wilderness: Make straight the way of the Lord," as the prophet Isaiah said.” - John 1:22 The Purpose of John Ministry a. To help people see Salvation: “[A]s it is written in the book of the Words of Isaiah the prophet, saying, "The voice of one crying in the wilderness, prepare the way of the Lord, make His paths straight. Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low, and the crooked shall be straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth. And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.“ - Luke 3:4-6
John’s Baptism Cont’4 b. Jesus is the salvation: “And he [Simeon] came by the Spirit into the temple. And as the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do according to the custom of the Law concerning Him … For my eyes have seen Your Salvation” Luke2:27, 30 LOGIC: 1. John’s Baptism followed repentance. 2. Remission of sins followed John’s Baptism (Mk1:4-5).
John’s Baptism Cont’5 Who could baptize in John’s Baptism? “Therefore when the Lord knew how the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John (though Jesus Himself did not baptize, but His disciples), He left Judea and went away again into Galilee.” - John 4:1-3 My personal view – anyone in harmony with the teaching of the Leader.
John’s Baptism - End Why did Jesus got baptized by John? a. “For you were not called to this? For Christ also suffered on our behalf, leaving us an example, that you should follow His steps, He who did no sin, nor was guile found in His mouth,” 1Peter 2:21 -22 b. “Then Jesus came from Galilee to Jordan, to John, to be baptized by him. But John restrained Him, saying, I have need to be baptized by You, and do You come to me? And answering Jesus said to him, Allow it now, for it is becoming to us to fulfill all righteousness. Then he allowed Him. And Jesus, when He had been baptized, went up immediately out of the water. And lo, the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting upon Him.” Matthew3:13-16
Christian Baptism 1. Original distinction between the two water baptism: “And Paul said, John truly baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying to the people that they should believe into Him coming after him, that is, into Jesus Christ. And hearing, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.” Act 19:4-5 2. Formulation: “Therefore go and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,” - Matthew 28:19 N.B: Act 9:29/Colosians3:17 – in the name of Jesus could also mean in accord with Jesus’ authority or in accord with what Jesus taught.
Christian Baptism Cont’1 Purpose of the Christian Baptism: 1.Connected To salvation: a. “And He [Jesus] said to them, Go into all the world, proclaim the gospel to all the creation. He who believes and is baptized will be saved, but he who does not believe will be condemned.” Mar 16:15-16 b. “when God waited patiently while the ark was being built. In it a few, that is, eight persons, were saved by water. Baptism, which is symbolized by that water, now saves you also, not by removing dirt from the body, but by asking God for a clear conscience based on the resurrection of Jesus, the Messiah,” 1Peter3:20- 21 ISV
Christian Baptism Cont’1’ “To put it most simply, the power, effect, benefit, fruit, and purpose of Baptism is to save. No one is baptized in order to become a prince, but as the words say, to "be saved". To be saved, we know, is nothing else than to be delivered from sin, death, and the devil and to enter into the kingdom of Christ and live with him forever.” — Luther's Large Catechism, 1529Luther's Large Catechism “Reformed and Methodist Protestants maintain a link between baptism and regeneration, but insist that it is not automatic or mechanical, and that regeneration may occur at a different time than baptism.”
Christian Baptism Cont’2 2. Connected with Forgiveness of sins: “Peter answered them, ‘Every one of you must repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus the Messiah for the forgiveness of your sins. Then you will receive the Holy Spirit as a gift.” Act 2:37-38 ISV 3. Connected To Washing away sins “And he said, The God of our fathers has chosen you to know His will and to see the Just One, and to hear a voice out of His mouth. For you shall be His witness to all men of what you have seen and heard. And now what do you intend? Arise and be baptized and wash away your sins, calling on the name of the Lord.” Act 22:14,16 What about Eph 1:7? “In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace, “
Christian Baptism Cont’3 4. Spiritual Benefit of baptism a. Baptism into death to behave in newness of life “Do you not know that as many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into His death? Therefore we were buried with Him by baptism into death, so that as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father; even so we also should walk in newness of life.” Romans 6:4 b. Baptism linked to death, resurrection and forgiveness “When you were buried with the Messiah in baptism, you were also raised with him through faith in the power of God, who raised him from the dead. Even when you were dead because of your offenses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made you alive with him when he forgave us all of our offenses,” Colossians 2:12 ISV
Christian Baptism Cont’4 Since Baptism is so important, why do we read this?: “And I also baptized the household of Stephanas. Besides these, I do not know if I baptized any other. For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel; not in wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of no effect.” 1Co 1:16-17
Christian Baptism Cont’5 Other texts about Christian baptism 1. “But when they believed Philip preaching the gospel, the things concerning the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women.” Act 8:12 2. “Then Simon himself believed also, and being baptized, he continued with Philip.” Act 8:13 3. “And as they passed along the way, they came on some water. And the eunuch said, See, here is water, what hinders me from being baptized? Philip said, If you believe with all your heart, it is lawful. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God … And they both went down into the water, both Philip and the eunuch. And he baptized him.” Act 8:36-38
Christian Baptism Cont’6 4. “And instantly scales as it were fell from his eyes, and he [Saul] instantly saw again. And rising up, he [Saul] was baptized.” Act 9:18 5. “…Then Peter answered, Can anyone forbid water that these, who have received the Holy Ghost as well as we, should not be baptized? And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord …” - Act 10:46-48 6. “And when she [Lydia] was baptized, she and her household,…” Act 16:15 7. “And taking them in that hour of the night, he [the jailer] washed from their stripes. And he was baptized, he and all his, immediately.” Act 16:33
Baptism in the Holy Spirit Introduction: Seven New Testament references 1.“I indeed baptize you in water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you in the Holy Spirit and in fire” - Mat 3:11 ASV 2.“John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but there cometh he that is mightier than I, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you in the Holy Spirit and in fire:” Luk 3:16 ASV 3.“And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize in water, he said unto me, Upon whomsoever thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and abiding upon him, the same is he that baptizeth in the Holy Spirit.” John 1:33 ASV
Baptism in the Holy Spirit Cont’1 4. “I baptized you in water; But he shall baptize you in the Holy Spirit.” Mark 1:8 ASV 5 “for John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized in the Holy Spirit not many days hence.” Act 1:5 ASV 6. “And I remembered the word of the Lord, how he said, John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized in the Holy Spirit.” Act 11:16 ASV 7. “For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether bond or free; and were all made to drink of one Spirit.” 1Co 12:13 ASV
Baptism in the Spirit Cont’2 “Laws of Synonyms”: a.Baptism in the Holy Spirit as the receiving of the H.S and the falling on of the H.S: The Story of Cornelius “While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Spirit fell on all them that heard the word.” Act 10:44 “Can any man forbid the water, that these should not be baptized, who have received the Holy Spirit as well as we?” Act 10:47 “And as I began to speak, the Holy Spirit fell on them, even as on us at the beginning. And I remembered the word of the Lord, how he said, John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized in the Holy Spirit.” Act 11:15 -16 N.B: Baptism in HS = receive H.S = H.S fall on (Peter exegesis)
Baptism in the Spirit Cont’3 b. Baptism in the Holy Spirit as receiving the H.S or the H.S falling upon: Story of Samaria Act 8:15 who, when they were come down, prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Spirit: Act 8:16 for as yet it [Holy Spirit] was fallen upon none of them: only they had been baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus. Act 8:17 Then laid they their hands on them, and they received the Holy Spirit. N.B: Remembering Peter exegesis in Acts 10-11, these verses above could well be referring to the Baptism of H.S too based on the “law of synonyms”.
Baptism in the Spirit Cont’4 c. Baptism in the Holy Spirit as receiving the H.S: Story of Ephesus. “and he said unto them, Did you receive the Holy Spirit when ye believed? And they said unto him, Nay, we did not so much as hear whether the Holy Spirit was given.” Act 19:2. “After the people heard Paul say this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Spirit came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied.” Act 19:5-6 ASV N.B: Based on Peter exegesis of Jesus words with regards to a similar experience in Acts 10-11, we could reasonably use the “law of synonyms” on these verses of Acts 19. Adding one new connection: Came on
Baptism in the Holy Spirit Cont’5 d. Baptism in the Holy Spirit as receiving the H.S: Story of the Pentecost “And as I began to speak, the Holy Spirit fell on them, as on us at the beginning.” Act 11:15 “And when the day of Pentecost was now come, they were all together in one place. And suddenly there came from heaven a sound as of the rushing of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them tongues parting asunder, like as of fire; and it sat upon each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.” Act 2:1-4 “Being therefore by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he hath poured forth this, which ye see and hear.” Act 2:33 N.B: What about John20:22? “And when He had said this, He breathed on them and said to them, Receive the Holy Spirit.”
Baptism in the Holy Spirit Cont’5’ “When Jesus breathed on his disciples and said to them ‘receive the Holy Spirit’ (John20:22), it probably was an acted-out prophecy of what would happen to them at Pentecost. In this same context – in fact, in the verse immediately preceding – Jesus had told them something that would not happen until Pentecost: ‘As the Father has sent me, even so I send you’ (John20:21). But even though he said this before he had ascended into heaven, he did not really send them out to preach the Gospel until the Day of Pentecost had come. Therefore the word was looking forward what will happen at Pentecost. It is best to understand the words in the next sentence, ‘Receive the holy Spirit,’ in the same way – he was speaking in advance of something that would happen on the day of Pentecost.” – Dr. Wayne Grudem / Trinity Evangelical Divinity School.
Baptism in the Spirit Cont’6 The Purpose of the Baptism of the Holy Spirit a.Power for testify the Lord Jesus : “But you shall receive power, the Holy Spirit coming upon you. And you shall be witnesses to Me both in Jerusalem and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and to the end of the earth.” Act 1:8 b.The Manifestation of the Holy Spirit : “But there are differences of gifts, but the same Spirit … But to each one is given the showing forth of the Spirit to our profit.” 1Corinthians 12:4,7
Baptism in the Holy Spirit - END How to Receive the H.S: 1. Ask the Father a.“If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him?” Luke 11:13 b.“Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above and comes down from the Father of lights,” James 1:17 2. Allow other people to pray for you (gifted Christians preferably) a. “For I long to see you, so that I may impart to you some spiritual gift, to you for the establishing of you.” Romans 1:11 b. “They [the Church of Jerusalem] sent Peter and John to them; who when they had come down, prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Spirit.” Act 8:14-15
Doctrine of Baptisms RESOURCES: The Bible (Modern King James Version, ASV, ISV) Foundations for Righteous Living – Derek Prince Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine – Wayne Grudem The Original Catholic Encyclopedia: http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Baptism http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Baptism Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baptismhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baptism Contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org or follow me at my blog: http://email@example.com://practicalhelpwitheric.blogspot.com
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