2Queen Victoria Reigned 1837 – 1901 Longest reign in British history This queen maintained a sense of dignity and decorum that restored the average person’s high opinion of the monarch after a series of ineffective leaders.
3The Time PeriodShift from ownership of land to a modern urban economy based on trade and manufacturingThe Industrial RevolutionEconomic and social changeDemocratizationChallenges to religious faithAdvancements of scientific knowledgeChanges in the role of women
4The Victorian Novel Realistic portrayal of social life Social relevancePlain styleNarrative of an individuals’ inner thoughtsWomen’s rightsPovertyA voice to the voiceless
5Charlotte Brontë Currer Bell Born: 1816 Died: 1855 Masculine less like to be dismissed as unimportantBorn: 1816Died: 1855Age 38 of complications during her 1st pregnancy.Sisters Anne and Emily (Wuthering Heights) were also novelists.
6Jane Eyre Victorian Novel Gothic Novel mysteries, supernatural Coming-of-age story protagonist goes against the pressures and expectations of society.Characters represent different social and economic classes.Themes of reform: better political representation, working conditions, and education.Meta-literature addressing the reader
7Themes Need for Love Family Independence Social class and rules Gender rolesReligionStaying true to yourselfImportance of Education
8Novel Elements Imagery Personification Symbols Fire & Ice The Red-Room EyesFoodGhosts
9Discussion QuestionsIn a recent adaptation of the novel for television, the story began with Jane’s running into Mr. Rochester. Are chapters unnecessary? How does our understanding of Jane’s childhood and child self contribute to our understanding of her as an adult?
10Discussion QuestionsWhat is the significance of specific houses and characters’ relationships to them?Gateshead, Lowood, Thornfield, FerndeanWhat is the significance of homes and domesticity generally throughout the novel?
11Discussion QuestionsIn what ways, and for what reasons, is Jane portrayed as an outsider?Consider Jane and Rochester’s relationship: What do they have in common; How do they establish a relationship; Is their relationship reasonable?