Presentation on theme: "Background Information for Jane Eyre"— Presentation transcript:
1 Background Information for Jane Eyre ByCharlotte Bronte
2 THE NOVELPublished in October 1847During the Industrial Revolution
3 SchoolingDuring the early 19th century (1800’s), it became fashionable to educate females.However, free education was not yet available for either sex.Only the very rich could send their daughters to elegant girls’ schools
4 Governesses1. With the new stress on female education, governesses were in demand.2. Pay was poor, but it was one of the only jobs available to educated, yet impoverished young women
5 Role of the governessEmployers & other servants shunned the governess because they felt she was “putting on airs.”Her employers would ignore her, too, because she had a superior education, which intimidated many people.
6 A ground breaking novel Why?The heroine is small, plain, & poorThe heroine is the first female character to claim the right to feel strongly about her emotions and act on her convictionsThis romantic ground had previously been reserved for malesSuch a psychologically complex heroine had never been created before
7 Charlotte Bronte Lived at Haworth, a parsonage Born of Irish ancestry in 1816Mother died of cancer when Charlotte was 5 years old.
8 The Bronte sisters Charlotte had 4 sisters and 1 brother. While at the Clergy Daughter’s School, her 2 older sisters (Maria & Elizabeth) died of tuberculosis
9 Charlotte’s family con.’t The Clergy Daughter’s School at Cowan Bridge became the model for Lowood, the fictitious girls’ school in Jane Eyre.Anne and Emily Bronte were also successful writers.Charlotte’s brother, Branwell, was a gifted painter.
10 All 3 Bronte Sisters…Used a masculine pen name because women writers were not taken seriously at that time in Victorian England.Charlotte used the name Currer Bell.
11 Marriage BellsIn 1854 She marries her father's curate, Arthur Bell Nichols.The next year, she became pregnant, then ill.She died a month before her 39th birthday
12 Jane Eyre’s Romantic Heritage The Romantic MovementCame into play in at the end of the 18th Century (1700’s).Championed the rights of the individual over the demands of society.Believed that humans were inherently goodValued imagination over reasonInspired by nature
13 Charlotte’s Gothic Influence Jane Eyre displays some characteristics of the gothic novel:Imprisoned womenA heroine who faces dangerSupernatural interventions at crucial moments in the plotA romantic reconciliation
14 Byronic Hero Proud Gloomy Mysterious Passionate This term is created by the famous poet George Gordon, Lord Byron.Characteristics are…ProudGloomyMysteriousPassionate*Mr. Rochester is an example of this type
15 Jane’s QuotesIt is vain to say human beings ought to be satisfied with tranquility: they must have action; and they will make it if they cannot find it.If we would build on a sure foundation in friendship, we must love friends for their sake rather than for our own.