Presentation on theme: "The Victorian Age The setting for Robert Louis Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde."— Presentation transcript:
The Victorian Age The setting for Robert Louis Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
The Victorian Age 1837-1901: Reign of Queen Victoria 1837-1901: Reign of Queen Victoria Victorian Age: a period in British history during the reign of Queen Victoria in the 19 th century; her character and moral standards restored the prestige of the British monarchy but gave the era a prudish reputation. Victorian Age: a period in British history during the reign of Queen Victoria in the 19 th century; her character and moral standards restored the prestige of the British monarchy but gave the era a prudish reputation.
The Victorian Age Britain Britain –World leader in manufacturing –Naval power –Banks, retail shops, and business expanded –Factory towns became important cities Brutal factory conditions Slums emerged –Growth of industrial working class and modern middle class
Victorian Age: Economy Shift A shift from agriculture and land ownership to an economy based on trade and manufacturing. CAUSE: Two major changes in farming. 1. Applied scientific method to farming (i.e. crop rotation). 2. Invention of modern combine. EFFECTS: 1. One person could now do the work of five. 2. People migrated to London looking for work.
Victorian Age: Industrial Revolution CAUSE: England is the first country to harness steam power. EFFECT: 1. New inventions fast railways iron ships looms printing presses telegraph/ intercontinental cable
Victorian Age: Industrial Revolution CAUSE: England is the first country to harness steam power. EFFECT: 2. Ushers in labor as a new economic and political power. They form unions and obtain the right to vote. Establishes a definite upper, middle, and lower class.
Victorian Age: An Era of Contrasts Effects of Scientific Method on Religion: Effects of Scientific Method on Religion: –Darwin’s On the Origin of Species Theory of evolution Darwin’s ideas challenge the Bible –Direct challenge to the Bible –Reconciliation of scientific and religious insights
Victorian Age: Morality Morality Morality –Prudish, proper, morally strict Royalty –Queen and her husband were models of middle-class domesticity. Middle-class –Women were not permitted to lift skirt high enough to reveal ankles. –Tables were draped so ladies would not be offended by seeing legs. –Term “drumstick” created so a lady could ask for a leg of chicken.
Victorian Age: Social Change Effects of Industrial Revolution on Women: Effects of Industrial Revolution on Women: –The number of women far outnumbered men. Since many women could not marry, they were forced into factory jobs. –Traditional idea of the women’s sphere is challenged, which forces a new emphasis on home and family and a separation of men’s and women’s work in the middle class. –Grueling working conditions and unemployment drove thousands of women into prostitution. Prostitution became increasingly organized. Huge pornography market was developed.