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The Victorian Age The setting for Robert Louis Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.

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Presentation on theme: "The Victorian Age The setting for Robert Louis Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Victorian Age The setting for Robert Louis Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.

2 The Victorian Age : Reign of Queen Victoria : Reign of Queen Victoria Victorian Age: a period in British history during the reign of Queen Victoria in the 19 th century; her character and moral standards restored the prestige of the British monarchy but gave the era a prudish reputation. Victorian Age: a period in British history during the reign of Queen Victoria in the 19 th century; her character and moral standards restored the prestige of the British monarchy but gave the era a prudish reputation.

3 The Victorian Age Britain Britain –World leader in manufacturing –Naval power –Banks, retail shops, and business expanded –Factory towns became important cities  Brutal factory conditions  Slums emerged –Growth of industrial working class and modern middle class

4 Victorian Age: Economy Shift A shift from agriculture and land ownership to an economy based on trade and manufacturing. CAUSE: Two major changes in farming. 1. Applied scientific method to farming (i.e. crop rotation). 2. Invention of modern combine. EFFECTS: 1. One person could now do the work of five. 2. People migrated to London looking for work.

5 Victorian Age: Industrial Revolution CAUSE: England is the first country to harness steam power. EFFECT: 1. New inventions fast railways iron ships looms printing presses telegraph/ intercontinental cable

6 Victorian Age: Industrial Revolution CAUSE: England is the first country to harness steam power. EFFECT: 2. Ushers in labor as a new economic and political power. They form unions and obtain the right to vote. Establishes a definite upper, middle, and lower class.

7 Victorian Age: An Era of Contrasts Effects of Scientific Method on Religion: Effects of Scientific Method on Religion: –Darwin’s On the Origin of Species  Theory of evolution  Darwin’s ideas challenge the Bible –Direct challenge to the Bible –Reconciliation of scientific and religious insights

8 Victorian Age: Morality Morality Morality –Prudish, proper, morally strict  Royalty –Queen and her husband were models of middle-class domesticity.  Middle-class –Women were not permitted to lift skirt high enough to reveal ankles. –Tables were draped so ladies would not be offended by seeing legs. –Term “drumstick” created so a lady could ask for a leg of chicken.

9 Victorian Age: Social Change Effects of Industrial Revolution on Women: Effects of Industrial Revolution on Women: –The number of women far outnumbered men.  Since many women could not marry, they were forced into factory jobs. –Traditional idea of the women’s sphere is challenged, which forces a new emphasis on home and family and a separation of men’s and women’s work in the middle class. –Grueling working conditions and unemployment drove thousands of women into prostitution.  Prostitution became increasingly organized.  Huge pornography market was developed.


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