Presentation on theme: "Representations of Arthurian Legend in the 19th Century"— Presentation transcript:
1 Representations of Arthurian Legend in the 19th Century
2 The Long Absence of Arthur 16th - 18th Centuries Arthurian legend unpopular in 18th and early 19th centuriesSexual misconduct of . . .Catholic overtones of Grail episodes
3 Victoria and Albert Prince Albert’s tribute to Queen Victoria ( ) ( )The Royal Collection Windsor.Prince Albert’s tribute to Queen VictoriaFrescoes for Queen's Royal Robing Room in ParliamentPaintings from Arthurian Legend illustrating Christian virtuesCommissioned William Dyce ( )Christian virtues from Malory?
4 4 frescoes personify British virtues illustrated in Arthurian legend: Religion, Generosity, Courtesy, Mercy. Merci (1848) shows Lancelot on his horse sparing the fallen Arthur.
5 Tennyson’s Idylls of the King Tennyson made the legend acceptable to Victorian valuesVery Christian king Arthur ~ ChristArthur ~ King AlfredHow does Tennyson deal with morally reprehensible elements in Malory?
6 The Moxon Tennyson Idylls of the King, 1857, published by Edward Moxon Started surge of book illustration in England30 illustrations by the Pre-Raphaelites, and 24 by men of the traditional Victorian school18 by Millais, seven by Holman Hunt and five by Rossetti.
7 Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Dante Gabriel Rossetti ( )Organized the Pre Raphaelite Brotherhood to promote "genuine" artistic ideas, i.e., not conventions ordained by the Academy, to study art of the past, especially the Middle Ages and Renaissance before Raphael, and to study nature and pay attention to detail.
8 The Moxon Tennyson, cont. Rossetti’s Palace of ArtWilliam Holman Hunt’s The Lady of Shalott
9 Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882) King Arthur's Tomb (detail)(1854 watercolor, only 9"x14", showing Lancelot and Guenever meeting over Arthur's corpse)
10 Rossetti, cont.The Damsel of the Sanct Grail (1857)
11 Rossetti, cont.How Sir Galahad, Sir Bors, and Sir Percival Were Fed with the Grail, but Sir Percival's Sister Died by the Way (1864 watercolor)
12 William Morris ( )Guenevere or La Belle Iseult (Morris' wife-to-be was the model)
13 Edward Burne-Jones (1833-1898) The Beguiling of Merlin (Burne-Jones painted 5 versionsof Merlin and Nimue)
14 The Dream of Sir Lancelot at the Chapel of the Holy Grail Burne-Jones, cont.The Dream of Sir Lancelot at the Chapel of the Holy Grail
26 More ShalottsSeymour Garstin Harvey (? ) The Lady of Shalott (Beneathe a Willow Left Afloat)
27 Elaine-The Dead Steer'd by the Dumb Went Upward with the Flood More Shalotts, cont.Briton Riviere ( )Elaine-The Dead Steer'd by the Dumb Went Upward with the Flood
28 More Shalotts, cont. Arthur Hughes (1823-1904) The Lady of Shalott 1872
29 John Atkinson Grimshaw (1854-1906) More Shalotts, cont.John Atkinson Grimshaw ( )Elaine
30 More Shalotts, cont.Sophie Anderson ( )The Lady of Shalott
31 Illustrators: Gustave Dore (1832-1883) Illustrated 4 poems for Tennyson's Idylls. Made 36 more drawings, which were copied by engravers and later published all together.Finding ArthurThe King's Farewell
32 Illustrators: Aubrey Beardsley (1872-1898) Created 500 black & white drawings for J. M. Dent's Le Morte D'Arthur, Art Nouveau style. Victorians were not enthusiastic about his tendency to portray men as passive, androgynous, unheroic beings often reclining, asleep, or naked, while his women and feys were more active.How Sir Lancelot Was Known by Dame Elaine.How Sir Bedivere Cast the Sword Excalibur into the Water
33 Illustrators: Julia Margaret Cameron Tennyson asked her to illustrate his Idylls. Her photographs used top & side lighting, long exposure, and the wet collodion development process to create an otherworldly aura of the magical past. Published in 1874.Vivien and MerlinThe Little Novice and the Queen