Presentation on theme: "First and Goal: Teamwork"— Presentation transcript:
1First and Goal: Teamwork Karen Jacobs, Ed.D., OTR/L, CPE, FAOTA Clinical Professor Program Director, Distance Education Post-professional Occupational Therapy Programs
2Lost at Sea You are adrift on a private yacht in the South Pacific. As a consequence of a fire of unknown origin,much of the yacht and it contents have beendestroyed. The yacht is now slowly sinking. Yourlocation is unclear because of the destruction ofcritical navigational equipment and because you &the crew were distracted trying to bring the fireunder control. Your best estimate is that you areapproximately one thousand miles south-southwestof the nearest land (Paul M. Nemiroff & William A. Pasmore)
3Lost at Sea Sextant (tables & chronometer) Shaving mirror Five-gallon can of waterMosquito nettingOne case of US Army C rationsMaps of the Pacific OceanSeat cushion (flotation device)Two-gallon can of oil-gas mixtureSmall transistorShark repellent20 square feet of opaque plasticOne quart of 160-proof rum15 feet of nylon rope2 boxes of chocolate barsFishing kit(Paul M. Nemiroff & William A. Pasmore)
4Advantages of Working in Teams Better & new ideas; decisionsHigher quality inputInvolvement of everyone in the processIncreased ownership & buy-inWidens the circle of communicationIncreased learning & understandingSense of securityPersonal relationshipsBetter end resultsFramework for Action on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice
6Teams Interprofessional education Interprofessional practice Collaboration
7Framework for Action on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice
8AOTA’s Centennial Vision “We envision that occupational therapy isa powerful, widely recognized, sciencedriven, and evidence- based professionwith a globally connected and diverseworkforce meeting society’s occupationalneeds.”
9Team“…is a group of people who are mutually dependent on one another to achieve a common goal.”Source: The Pfeiffer Book of Successful Team-Building Tools
10Team Development Model Interpersonal RelationshipsRubin, Plovnick, and Fry, Task Oriented Team Development, 1975.
11Interpersonal Relationships These are important! Take the time to get to know one another.But remember:When team members can't get along it is usually because of unresolved issues regarding goals, roles, & procedures.Team members don't have to be friends or even like each other to work well together.
12Team Development Model Interpersonal RelationshipsProceduresRubin, Plovnick, and Fry, Task Oriented Team Development, 1975.
13Procedures Aim at consistent preparation and attendance. Plan on more multimedia communication (Wiki, Skype, ).Give more than “feedback;” focus on perspectives and new ideas.Focus on the solutions, not the problems.You will need to develop these as a team:Aim at consistent preparation and attendance.Plan on more than multimedia (Skype, ) communication.Give more than “feedback;” focus on perspectives and new ideas.Focus on the solutions, not the problems.
14Team Development Model Interpersonal RelationshipsProceduresRolesRubin, Plovnick, and Fry, Task Oriented Team Development, 1975.
16Team Development Model Interpersonal RelationshipsProceduresRolesGoalsRubin, Plovnick, and Fry, Task Oriented Team Development, 1975.
17Both team and individual goals are important! Should be:SpecificMeasurableStated in concrete termsChallenging and urgent
18Interprofessional education Interprofessional education occurswhen students from two or moreprofessions learn about, from andwith each other to enable effectivecollaboration and improve healthoutcomes.collaborative practice-readyFramework for Action on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice
19Interprofessional education “... is an opportunity to not only change theway that we think about educating futurehealth workers, but is an opportunity to stepback and reconsider the traditional means ofhealthcare delivery. I think that what we’retalking about is not just a change ineducational practices, but a change in theculture of medicine and health-care.”Student Leader, WHOFramework for Action on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice
20Interprofessional education & collaborative practice “…can positively contribute to someof the world’s most urgent healthchallenges.”Framework for Action on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice
21Interprofessional collaboration is a key factor in initiatives designed to increase the effectiveness of health services currently offered to the publicShaw, Walker & Hogue, 2008
22Mechanisms Use supportive management practices Identify and support championsUpdate, renew, and revise existing curriculaSupport appropriate legislation that eliminates barriers to collaborative practiceFramework for Action on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice
24Collaborative practice Access to and coordination of health-servicesAppropriate use of professional resourcesHealth outcomes for people with chronic diseasesClient care and safetyImroves Access to and coordination of health-servicesAppropriate use of professional resourcesHealth outcomes for people with chronic diseasesClient care and safetyFramework for Action on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice
25Collaborative practice Total client complicationsLength of hospital stayTension and conflict among caregiversStaff turnoverHospital admissionsClinical error ratesMortality ratesDecreaseTotal client complicationsLength of hospital stayTension and conflict among caregiversStaff turnoverHospital admissionsClinical error ratesMortality ratesFramework for Action on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice
26Champions Betsey Gray, MSW, LICSW & Nancy MacRae, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA Lindsay Eales, BScOT(c)Terry Olivas De la O, COTAOT4OTCaptain Erik Johnson, MS, OTR/L
27Champions #1Betsey Gray, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Associate Professor, School of Social WorkNancy MacRae, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA, Associate Professor, Occupational Therapy Department
28The Strategies to Nurture Aging People (SNAP) Establish a sustainable interprofessional academic-community program for independently living seniorsShared by Nancy MacRae
29Student Program Objectives Interprofessional educationOne’s own profession & know how to explain it to othersBasic health literacy needsGroup development & dynamicsLeadership/responsibilitiesShared by Nancy MacRae
30Student Comment“We really listened to each other’s concerns and tried to make it work – so that every one was satisfied with the final outcome. I have learned a ton about myself and myself as a member of a group, as well as the dynamics of group work. I have noticed after being a part of other interdisciplinary teams that every group is unique in their own way and I am interested to see how this group will form”.Shared by Nancy MacRae
31Champions #2 Shared by Lindsay Eales, BScOT(c) Developed over the past three years, iDANCE offers dance technique classes and performance opportunities for all individuals.iDANCE runs technique classes for the summer season, and a performance group during the winter season.Harmanie, one of the dancer remarks:We wouldn’t be able to do what we do without support from a number of community organizations and partners,iDance’s mission is to foster accessibility in our community for dancers with and without disabilities, focusing on disability awareness, education and partnership with the larger community.They achieve this mission through the collaboration of all individuals involved in iDANCE. The wealth of knowledge, networks, and experiences of our group is far greater than anything one person could offer alone. As Lindsay commented, “We must continually honor this vast resource while valuing our fellow contributors to function successfully as a diverse team and realize our goals”.A shared passion can connect a community of diverse individuals. With everyone working towards a common goal, it is possible to foster unique strengths to a greater end, and learn about others in a manner that appreciates both similarities and differences.Accessible physical space can be compensated for by an accessible attitude. Ask others how they would like to approach accessibility issues you encounter together, and be willing to get creative in a way that respects another’s dignity.Learn what members use most to communicate (this may be on an individual basis, such as one member having no computer access and requiring phone contact, or another member preferring an electronic form of communication ie. , facebook, twitter, websites)Be receptive about what people need to be includedEncourage self-advocacy - Even just by asking someone how they might feel best included, or most able to contribute.Shared by Lindsay Eales, BScOT(c)
32"I have been dancing with iDance for two years now and really love it "I have been dancing with iDance for two years now and really love it. Coming to dance every week and dancing with the many friends that I have made makes me feel free. This is the one time during the week that I can feel free to be "me“. "At iDANCE, I am always welcome, I don't have to hide my identity, I can just be myself when dancing in the group. To be a dancer you must love yourself and I have learned how through iDANCE. The trust in this group is the best trust I ever had in life."Shared by Lindsay Eales, BScOT(c)
33iDance as an Interprofessional Team DignityRespectSafe spaceCreative adjustmentsFlexibilitySelf & othersPersonal responsibility and ownershipShared by Lindsay Eales, BScOT(c)
34Champions #3 Terry Olivas De la O, COTA Family Success by Design, Inc. (FSbD) was created as a collaborative community-based organization with a mission to improve the lives of families and children.
42Characteristics of effective interprofessional teams Well-defined purposeGoals linking purpose and outcomes of the teamClear expectations of each person’s role and responsibilitiesCommunicating effectivelyEstablishing regular patterns of communicationGenerating team cohesionDisplaying high levels of mutual respectFramework for Action on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice
46Lost at Sea Shaving mirror Two-gallon can of oil-gas mixture Five-gallon can of waterOne case of US Army C rations20 square feet of opaque plastic2 boxes of chocolate barsFishing kit15 feet of nylon ropeSeat cushion (flotation device)Shark repellentOne quart of 160-proof rumSmall transistorMaps of the Pacific OceanMosquito nettingSextant(Paul M. Nemiroff & William A. Pasmore)