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Eighth Century Prophecy Amos, Hosea, Micah, Isaiah.

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Presentation on theme: "Eighth Century Prophecy Amos, Hosea, Micah, Isaiah."— Presentation transcript:


2 Eighth Century Prophecy Amos, Hosea, Micah, Isaiah

3 Kings of the Lands Judah –Uzziah 783-742 –Jotham 742-735 –Ahaz 735-715 –Hezekiah 715-687 Israel –Jeroboam II 786-746 –(assorted 746-737) –Pekah 737-732 –Hoshea 732-724

4 Political History Rezin of Syria (740-732) leads Syro- Ephraemite rebellion against Assyria Tiglath-Pileser III attacks Samaria 737 Samaria falls to Sargon II 722/721 Sennacherib invades Judah 701


6 Prophets to the North Amos –From Judah (the southern kingdom) Hosea –Native to Israel (the northern kingdom)


8 Amos Not mentioned outside own book –But compare “man of God” in 1 Kings 13 Identification –Amos 1:1 Was he a prophet? –Amos 7:10-17

9 Message of Amos The Nations and Israel –Amos 1-2 Against Social Oppression –Amos 8:4-8 Call to Justice –Amos 5:14-15 Appendix –Amos 9:8b-15

10 Hosea Hosea marries the loose woman [women] –Hosea 1-3 Ephraim turning away and back –Hosea 5:9-6:6 Can God give Israel up? –Hosea 11

11 After Fall of Samaria Judean “Escape” from Assyrian invasion –But as vassal state Weakness of Assyria – moves to independence –Purification of religion [e.g., Hezekiah] Nationalism and Self-righteousness

12 Prophets to the South Isaiah –Resident of Jerusalem –First “Major” Prophet Micah –Resident of Moresheth-Gath –One of the book of the twelve

13 The Book of Isaiah 1-39 Isaiah of Jerusalem –24-27, 33-35 later traditions –36-39 parallel 2 Kings 40-66 Book of Consolation –40-55 Second (Deutero) Isaiah –56-66 Third (Trito) Isaiah

14 The “Call” of Isaiah The Vision –Isaiah 6 Other “Calls” –Amos 7:14-17 –Jeremiah 1:4-19 –Ezekiel 1:4 - 3:15 –Isaiah 40:1-8; 49:5-7

15 Message of Isaiah (1) Centrality of Zion (Jerusalem) –Isaiah 2:2-4 [Micah 4:1-4] Role of Davidic kingdom –Isaiah 11:1-3

16 Message of Isaiah (2) Assyria and Israel (Judah) –Isaiah 10:5-23 Social inequity –Isaiah 5:8-17 God and God’s people –Isaiah 1:2-17 [7:10-25]

17 The Prophet Micah Samaria and Jerusalem in same boat –Micah 1:2-9 Judgment on civil and religious leaders –Micah 3 God’s case against God’s people –Micah 6:1-8

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