2Objectives Explain the reasons why the kingdom of Israel ended. Describe the changes that the fall of Israel brought for the Israelites and their culture.
3VocabularyProphet – person who is believed to receive messages from God
4Israel and JudahIn 928 BC Rehoboam refused to end taxes and forced labor in the northern part of the kingdom of IsraelNorthern tribes rebelled and caused Israel to split into two parts:Northern Kingdom = IsraelSouthern Kingdom = JudahWhat problems did Israel face after it split from Judah?
5Israel and JudahWhat problems did Israel face after it split from Judah?The tribes often fought over who would lead Israel.Many of the Israelites were poor and faced hard lives.
6Israel Falls to the Assyrians In 722 BC the Assyrian Empire conquered a weak and disorganized kingdom of Israel.The conquered Israelites were forced to leave their land.Two step plan:Forced many Israelites to leave their land; especially wealthy and powerful people to make sure they had no resources or leadership to rebelAssyrians settled in Samaria and mixed with remaining Israelites; known as Samaritans.
7Israel Falls to the Assyrians Assyrian invasion meant the end of Jewish people in IsraelIsraelites from Canaan were never heard from again and became known as the “10 lost tribes”Assyrians prepared to conquer Judah.How did the Assyrians control the conquered population of Israel?
8Israel Falls to the Assyrians How did the Assyrians control the conquered population of Israel?By forcing Israelites to leave and bringing in Assyrians
9Judah Remains Independent In 701 BC the Assyrians surrounded the Judaen capital of JerusalemHezekiah, the king of Judah, ordered a tunnel built to bring water into JerusalemThis allowed the Judeans to outlast the Assyrian attacksHow did Hezekiah save the people of Judah from the Assyrian invasion?
10Judah Remains Independent How did Hezekiah save the people of Judah from the Assyrian invasion?Hezekiah ordered a tunnel built to bring fresh spring water into Jerusalem
11Lesson 3 SummaryIn 928 BC the kingdom of Israel split into two parts: Israel and Judah.The two existed side by side for 200 years.In 722 BC the Assyrian Empire conquered Israel.The Assyrians sent away many of the Israelites, who disappeared from history.Judah fought off the Assyrians.Judaism survived, and Jerusalem remained the center of Jewish religious life
12Chapter 6 Lesson 3 Review Why did the kingdom of Israel end in 928 BC? How did Judah remain independent?What people and events played an important part in changes in Israel?Why did the kingdom of Israel split into two kingdoms?Why was Judah able to stand up to the Assyrians while Israel was not?
13Chapter 6 Lesson 3 Review Why did the kingdom of Israel end in 928 BC? Northern tribes wanted Rehoboam to end taxes and forced labor, but he refused and northern tribes rebelled. This caused the kingdom of Israel to split into two parts.How did Judah remain independent?After Assyrian attackers surrounded Jerusalem, Hezekiah had a tunnel built to bring needed spring water into the city. Thus the Judaeans outlasted their attackers.What people and events played an important part in changes in Israel?Rehoboam, Sargon II, Hezekiah. Events: Israel splits into two kingdoms, Assyrians conquer Israel, Jerusalem remains independent.Why did the kingdom of Israel split into two kingdoms?Northern tribes rebelled against Rehoboam, causing the kingdom to split.Why was Judah able to stand up to the Assyrians while Israel was not?Judah was small and strong, and the king of Judah saved Jerusalem by having a tunnel built to bring water into the city