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Classical Prophecy Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, Micah 8 th Century BC.

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Presentation on theme: "Classical Prophecy Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, Micah 8 th Century BC."— Presentation transcript:

1 Classical Prophecy Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, Micah 8 th Century BC

2 Kings of the Lands Judah Uzziah Jotham Ahaz Hezekiah Israel Jeroboam II (assorted ) Pekah Hoshea

3 Political History Rezin of Syria ( ) leads Syro- Ephraemite rebellion against Assyria Tiglath-Pileser III attacks Samaria 737 Samaria falls to Sargon II 722/721 Sennacherib invades Judah 701


5 Prophets to the North Amos From Judah (the southern kingdom) Hosea Native to Israel (the northern kingdom)


7 Amos Not mentioned outside own book But compare “man of God” in 1 Kings 13 Identification Amos 1:1 Was he a prophet? Amos 7:10-17

8 Message of Amos The Nations and Israel Amos 1-2 Against Social Oppression Amos 8:4-8 Call to Justice Amos 5:14-15 Appendix Amos 9:8b-15

9 Hosea Hosea marries the loose woman [women] Hosea 1-3 Ephraim turning away and back Hosea 5:9-6:6 Can God give Israel up? Hosea 11

10 After Fall of Samaria Judean “Escape” from Assyrian invasion But as vassal state Weakness of Assyria – moves to independence Purification of religion [e.g., Hezekiah] Nationalism and Self-righteousness Possible absorption of northern remnants

11 Prophets to the South Isaiah Resident of Jerusalem First “Major” Prophet Micah Resident of Moresheth-Gath One of the book of the twelve

12 The Book of Isaiah 1-39 Isaiah of Jerusalem 24-27, later traditions parallel 2 Kings Book of Consolation Second (Deutero) Isaiah Third (Trito) Isaiah

13 The “Call” of Isaiah The Vision Isaiah 6 Other “Calls” Amos 7:14-17 Jeremiah 1:4-19 Ezekiel 1:4 - 3:15 Isaiah 40:1-8; 49:5-7

14 Message of Isaiah (1) Centrality of Zion (Jerusalem) Isaiah 2:2-4 [Micah 4:1-4] Role of Davidic kingdom Isaiah 11:1-3 (4-9) Political results from lack of faith Isaiah 7:10-25

15 Message of Isaiah (2) Assyria and Israel (Judah) Isaiah 10:5-23 Social inequity Isaiah 5:8-17 God and God’s people Isaiah 1:2-17

16 The Prophet Micah Samaria and Jerusalem in same boat Micah 1:2-9 Judgment on civil and religious leaders Micah 3 God’s case against God’s people Micah 6:1-8 Hopeful additions Micah 4:1 - 5:5 ; 7:18-20

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