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The Prophets NEVI’IM II.  Navi (Nabi) “one who announces” or one who is called” in Hebrew  Nevi’im is the plural form of the word  One who proclaims.

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Presentation on theme: "The Prophets NEVI’IM II.  Navi (Nabi) “one who announces” or one who is called” in Hebrew  Nevi’im is the plural form of the word  One who proclaims."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Prophets NEVI’IM II

2  Navi (Nabi) “one who announces” or one who is called” in Hebrew  Nevi’im is the plural form of the word  One who proclaims the word or will of the deity A PROPHET

3  Poetic  Rhythmic  Full of metaphors and figures of speech  Parallelism  One line “parallels” another  i.e. “He expected justice, but found bloodshed; integrity, but only a cry of distress” Isa. 5:7 LANGUAGE

4  Pronouncement believed to be divinely inspired  Not a person, but the message ORACLE

5  Develops along with the monarchy  It does not refer to Mosaic Law very much  As the monarchy declines, so does prophecy PROPHECY

6  Ecstatic prophecy  Distinguishing true prophets from false  Apocalyptic “unveiling” or “revelation”  Prophecy around royal courts  Linkage between exclusive worship of Yahweh and ethical behavior KINDS OF PROPHECY

7  From a Greek word meaning the study of the last things  It is about the ultimate destiny of humanity  In relation to the prophets it is those prophets who speak to final fulfillment and final hope  The ultimate destiny of the universe ESCATOLOGY

8  Scribes began the process of assembling oracles under the individual prophet’s names  The books reveal Yahweh’s will during periods of social and political crisis MID 8 TH TO 5 TH CENTURIES BCE

9  In Elijah’s prophecy, a pattern emerges that other prophets also follow  Personal revelation  Spiritual proclamation  Political engagement ELIJAH

10  The Assyrian Threat  The Babylonian Crisis  The Post-exilic Readjustment THREE GREAT CRISES

11  Assyrian Empire threatened the existence of the two kingdoms of Israel and Judah OUTSIDE THREATS

12  Assyria began a series of military conquests BCE  It seized Babylon, Syria, Palestine, and the Northern Kingdom of Israel  Samaria, capital of the Northern Kingdom is sacked ASSYRIA

13   Sargon II is the leader of Assyria NORTHERN KINGDOM ISRAEL FALLS TO ASSYRIA

14  Amos  Hosea  Isaiah of Jerusalem  Micah ASSYRIAN THREAT OF THE EIGHTH CENTURY

15  Warns inhabitants of the northern kingdom that their failure to worship Yahweh exclusively and the way they ignore ideals of social justice will lead to the nation’s destruction AMOS AND HOSEA

16  Assyria falls 612 BCE  Babylonian Crisis, and Judah defeated  Exile in Babylon ASSYRIA FALLS

17  Jeremiah  Obadiah  Ezekiel  Second Isaiah  Haggai  Zechariah BABYLONIAN EXILE SIXTH CENTURY

18  Third Isaiah  Joel  Malachi  Jonah POST-EXILE

19  Identify three of Israel’s or Judah’s kings, and include achievements or activities (20 points). Identify three prophets and link them to the king of their times. What is the main theme of each of the prophets (20 points). ESSAY QUESTION

20  A vision of Ezekiel where human bones reassemble themselves and are covered with human flesh  This kind of ‘resurrection’ referred to Israel as a nation, not individual resurrection  Later, in the Book of Daniel written centuries after Babylon and Ezekiel’s vision, notions of individual human resurrection is conceptualized. RESURRECTION

21  A rocky hill or “citadel” in old Jerusalem that David captured and built his palace, housing the Ark of the Covenant. ZION

22  Neighboring nomadic tribes, descendants of Esau according to Genesis  Traditional enemies of Israel, from the time of Moses down to Joshua, Gideon, Saul and David AMALEKITES

23  An ancient city south of Jerusalem, associated with Abraham. Hebron is one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in Palestine. HEBRON

24  A Hebrew term meaning “anointed one”  In ancient Israel it referred to a king or priest who had been anointed and consecrated  King David was one  Prophets said that an heir of David would be a messiah  Later in the New Testament, Jesus is considered the Messiah (The Christ) MESSIAH


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