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Political Participation: Activating the Popular Will Chapter 7.

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Presentation on theme: "Political Participation: Activating the Popular Will Chapter 7."— Presentation transcript:

1 Political Participation: Activating the Popular Will Chapter 7

2 Voter Participation Factors in voter turnout: the United States in comparative perspective Factors in voter turnout: the United States in comparative perspective Significantly lower turnout than European democracies Significantly lower turnout than European democracies Registration requirements Registration requirements Historically a means to limit suffrage Historically a means to limit suffrage Motor voter law Motor voter law © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.2

3 Voter Turnout in Presidential Elections, 1960–2008 © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.3

4 Voter Participation Factors in voter turnout: the United States in comparative perspective Factors in voter turnout: the United States in comparative perspective Registration requirements Registration requirements Voter ID cards serve to depress voter turnout Voter ID cards serve to depress voter turnout Georgia photo ID/voter identification card law Georgia photo ID/voter identification card law Federal judge struck down monetary requirement Federal judge struck down monetary requirement Supreme Court upheld Indiana voter ID card requirement Supreme Court upheld Indiana voter ID card requirement © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.4

5 Voter Participation Factors in voter turnout: the United States in comparative perspective Factors in voter turnout: the United States in comparative perspective Frequency of elections Frequency of elections Elections at many levels of government, frequent and staggered Elections at many levels of government, frequent and staggered Primary elections Primary elections Americans asked to vote two or three times as often as Europeans Americans asked to vote two or three times as often as Europeans © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.5

6 Should Voters be Required to Carry a Government-Issued Photo ID? Pro: Pro: Voting fraud is widespread and detrimental Voting fraud is widespread and detrimental All citizens will be assisted in getting IDs All citizens will be assisted in getting IDs Con: Con: Poor, elderly, and minorities will be disenfranchised Poor, elderly, and minorities will be disenfranchised Little documentation of voter fraud Little documentation of voter fraud © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.6

7 Voter Participation Why some Americans vote and others do not Why some Americans vote and others do not Education and income Education and income Age Age Civic attitudes Civic attitudes Apathy Apathy Alienation Alienation Civic duty Civic duty © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.7

8 Voter Turnout and Level of Income, 2008 © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.8

9 American’s Opinions on Voting as a Duty, by Age © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.9

10 Conventional Forms of Participation Other Than Voting Campaign and lobbying activities Campaign and lobbying activities Virtual participation Virtual participation Political campaigns and citizen mobilization Political campaigns and citizen mobilization Democratizing effects but also political polarization Democratizing effects but also political polarization Community activities Community activities Decline in social capital? Decline in social capital? © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.10

11 Online Campaign Activities © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.11

12 Campaign Activity © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.12

13 Unconventional Activism: Social Movements and Protest Politics Social movements: way for citizens disenchanted with government to express opposition and work for change they seek Social movements: way for citizens disenchanted with government to express opposition and work for change they seek Political protests more planned today than in the past Political protests more planned today than in the past Political protests less common today, and low public support for protesters Political protests less common today, and low public support for protesters © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.13

14 Participation and Potential for Influence Individualism diminishes political participation Individualism diminishes political participation Lower-income Americans least likely to vote or participate politically; lack resources and education levels Lower-income Americans least likely to vote or participate politically; lack resources and education levels Participation reflects socioeconomic level Participation reflects socioeconomic level © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.14

15 Protest Activity © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.15

16 Americans’ Opinions of Iraq War Protest © 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.16


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