Presentation on theme: "PowerPoint 2: Rights and Responsibilities in a Democracy"— Presentation transcript:
1PowerPoint 2: Rights and Responsibilities in a Democracy
2What is a right?All citizens living in a democracy have guaranteed rights and freedoms.A right is a legal privilege or entitlement that is protected.Rights are usually fought for and claimed, and less often simply granted.Examples: the right to express yourself, freedom of religion.
3DiscussionHave you ever had to fight or argue for a privilege at home, in school or in your community? Were you successful? If so, how?
4Rights and Freedoms in Canada The Canadian Bill of Rights (1960) was the first written expression of human rights law at the national level.Our rights and freedoms are now protected at both the provincial and national level by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, a part of the Constitution Act, 1982, that was signed by Queen Elizabeth II.
5Seven Sections of the Charter The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms has seven sections that define our rights as Canadians:Fundamental freedomsDemocratic rightsMobility rightsLegal rightsEquality rightsOfficial languages of CanadaMinority language education rights
6Fundamental Freedomsfreedom of religion (to choose to worship in your own way)freedom of thought (to form your own opinion)freedom of expression (to express your opinion freely)freedom of the press (to report on all matters)freedom of peaceful assembly (to gather and protest respectfully)freedom of association (to meet and associate with others)
7Democratic RightsIn a democracy, we vote for representatives to make decisions and pass laws on our behalf. Elections are the process of selecting these representatives.Every Canadian citizen, 18 years and older, has the right to vote in a Canadian election and to be a candidate in a Canadian election.This also includes the requirement of the federal government to hold an election at least every five years.
8Universal SuffrageThe right to vote has been fought for by various groups throughout our history.Initially, only men who owned property could vote.After much campaigning by men and women, women received the right to vote federally in 1918.The last of the limitations for various ethnic and religious groups were not removed until 1960.Universal suffrage is the extension of the right to vote to all adult citizens.
9What is a responsibility? A responsibility is a duty or obligation.It is something you should do to show that you respect your rights.Example: your right to an education comes with the responsibility to show up to school prepared and on time.
10Responsibilities in a Democracy It is the responsibility of all Canadians to respect and abide by the rules set out by the Constitution in order to benefit from their protected rights.The right to vote comes with the responsibility to vote and to make an informed decision.
11Federal Voter Turnout by Age Group Year18-24 yrs25-34 yrs35-44 yrs45-54 yrs55-64 yrs65-74 yrs75+ yrs200437.0%44.0%54.5%66.0%72.9%75.5%63.9%200643.8%49.8%61.6%70.0%75.4%77.5%200837.4%48.0%53.9%59.7%65.6%68.4%67.3%201138.8%45.1%64.5%71.5%75.1%60.3%
13Final ThoughtsElectoral participation in Canada is declining at all levels of government (federal, provincial/territorial and municipal/local).Why do you think fewer people are voting today?Is the decline in voting disrespectful to those who had to fight for their right to vote?Should voting be mandatory?