Presentation on theme: "Voters and Voter Behavior Ch. 6 Notes. Some Terms Suffrage and Franchise – Same meaning, the right to vote. Disenfranchised – Those who do not have the."— Presentation transcript:
Some Terms Suffrage and Franchise – Same meaning, the right to vote. Disenfranchised – Those who do not have the right to vote or whose right to vote is being denied. Electorate – The potential voting population; The total population who have the qualifications and the right to vote.
Voting Qualifications Citizenship – Must be a citizen of the US. – States could allow “aliens” to vote but none do so currently. – “Naturalized Citizens” could face State restrictions, but that is rare.
Residency – Must be a legal resident in the state in which you intend to vote. – Domicile – location of PRIMARY residence. – Must live in the state for a certain length of time prior to voting.
Voting Age The age requirement is 18 for national elections. States have the reserved right to set age requirements in state or local elections; very rare instances. Primary elections are usually the only exceptions.
Registration Registration is the process of voter identification used to prevent voter fraud. Without careful registration records, ineligible votes might take place, some may try to vote more than once or vote in multiple places.
The Disenfranchised Historically, many groups of people! Examples?? Non-citizens. Persons committed to mental institutions and the mentally disabled. Convicted felons, for varying lengths of time depending on the states.
Gerrymandering – The practice of drawing the boundaries of voting districts in order to limit the voting power of particular parties or groups.
Voting Laws End voter discrimination. Federal Government given greater powers to enforce voter laws. Power taken out of the hands of the states. Force States to allow “open” voter registration without fear of intimidation or violence. End literacy tests as qualification for voter registration. End “poll taxes” – pay to vote rules. Ended by the 24 th amendment. Essentially, put an end to Jim Crowism!
Voting in 2008 About 60% of the electorate actually voted. That number is a little higher than average for the past 40+ years. Why a higher number in 2008?
Ballot Fatigue Non-voting increases as the voter gets further down the ballot. Running out of time, patience or knowledge about the candidates or the offices they seek to fill.
Voter Turnout (participation) 1968-2008 Participation declined from 1968-1992. 1992 only a brief increase. Any ideas why a brief increase? Decline again 1992-2004. Increasing from 2004-Present. Any ideas why an increase?
Gender and Age Democrats are more likely to be hurt by low voter turnout among voters 18-30. Young voters tend to vote for Democrats, therefore young voters who do not vote tend to hurt Democratic candidates. The same is typically true among female voters.
Split-Ticket Voting Split-Ticket Voting is the practice of voting for candidates in more than one political party. – Example, Dem. Candidate for Pres. but Republican candidates for US Senate or Governor. – Split-Ticket voting is increasing in popularity as voters have less loyalty to any one party. Straight-Ticket Voting, therefore, is the practice of voting for all candidates from any one party.
Independents and their effect on Parties. Voters who have no party affiliation. No particular loyalty to any one party. The two major parties have become increasingly similar in that they focus on the same issues. As voters become increasingly fed up with partisanship, they tend to think for themselves, not what the party tells them. The parties will have to change strategies to win the vote of the independents.