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College English Band 4 Unit7 Terrorism. A. Pre-reading Activities Part I Oral practice 1. Group work: Directions: Discuss what you know about the terrorisms.

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Presentation on theme: "College English Band 4 Unit7 Terrorism. A. Pre-reading Activities Part I Oral practice 1. Group work: Directions: Discuss what you know about the terrorisms."— Presentation transcript:

1 College English Band 4 Unit7 Terrorism

2 A. Pre-reading Activities Part I Oral practice 1. Group work: Directions: Discuss what you know about the terrorisms with your classmates. After discussion, gather all the information in your group to work out a report to the whole class.

3 Suggested Answers Terrorism ----refers to the use of violence, or the threat of violence, to create a climate of feast in a given population. Terrorist violence targets ethnic or religious groups, governments, political parties, corporations and enterprises, organizations and media enterprises. Organizations they engages in the acts of terror are usually small in size and limited in resources compared to the populations and institutions they oppose. Through publicity and fear generated by their violence, they seek to magnify their influence and power to affect political change on either a local or an international scale.

4 2. Ask the students questions about the related cultural background a. The wall street Journal : It is the leading financial newspaper in the US. It was first published in 1889 by Charles H Dow and Edward D Jones and is still owned by Dow Jones & Company, which also carries full-size articles about political and general topics.

5 b. Manhattan (New York): The main economic hub of New York City, Manhattan is one of the world’s leading commercial, financial, cultural, manufacturing, medical, and tourist centers. It is a borough of New York City, coextensive with New York County, south-eastern New York, at the head of Upper New York Bay. Manhattan Island, which makes up almost all of the borough, is bounded on the north and northeast by Spuyten Duyvil Creek and the Harlem River, which separate it from the borough of the Bronx; on the east by the East River, which separates it from the boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn; on the south by Upper New York Bay.

6 C. New York city: It is the largest city in the United States, the home of the United Nations, and the center of global finance, communications, and business. It is unusual among cities because of its high residential density, its thriving central business district, its hundreds of tall office and apartment buildings, its more than 400 district neighborhoods. The city’s concert houses, museums, galleries, and theaters constitute an ensemble of cultural richness rivaled by few cities. In 2000 the population of the city of New York was 8,008,278; the population of the metropolitan region was 21,199,865.

7 Part 2: Fast Reading Comprehension The September 11 Attacks The September 11 attack is a coordinated terrorist strike on the United States in 2001, which kills more than 3,000 people and shook the nation to its core. On the sunny morning of September 11, 2001, 19 terrorists, working in teams of 4 or 5, hijacked four commercial jetliners and turned them toward targets chosen for destruction.

8 Two of the planes, loaded with fuel and passengers, were flown at full speed into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in the financial district of New York City. The buildings burst into flame and then collapsed, killing thousands.

9 A third terrorist crew smashed their plane into the Pentagon, headquarters of the U.S. military in Arlington, Virginia. The hijackers of the fourth airliner apparently intended to hit another target in the Washington, D.C.area, but passengers on the plane realized what was happening and fought back. This airplane crashed in a field in rural Pennsylvania.

10 Almost after the September 11 attacks, suspicion centered on Osama bin Laden as the person responsible. As the leader of a terrorist organization known as al-Qaeda, Arabic for “the camp,” bin Laden had long advocated violence against the United States and its citizens. “To kill Americans and their allies—civilians and military ---is an individual duty for every Muslim who can do it in any country in which it is possible to do it,” bin Laden declared in a published communiqué in 1998.

11 As the heir to much of his father’s fortune, bin Laden had access to hundreds of millions of dollars, and he had used the money to build an international terrorist network with cells in several countries. Evidence had linked al-Qaeda operatives to four previous attacks on U.S. interests: (1) a bomb in an underground Trade Center parking garage in 1993(the first attempt to destroy the twin towers) that killed 6 people ;

12 (2) an attack on a U.S. military housing complex in Saudi Arabia in 1996 in which 19 U.S soldiers were killed the bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998 that killed more than 200 people; (3) and a suicide attack on the USS Cole, a Navy destroyer, off the coast of Yemen in the fall of 2000, that killed 17 U.S. sailors

13 Federal, local, and state government agencies in the United States found themselves suddenly redefining national security to include the defense of U.S. soil against foreign attack, a new and unfamiliar idea. In a speech before a joint session of Congress nine days after the September 11 attacks, U.S. president George W. Bush said he was creating a new cabinet-level position, the Office of Homeland Security.

14 The new department was to coordinate the work of more than 40 federal agencies, including the Department of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency(CIA), in order to prevent and respond to future terrorist attacks on U.S. territory. In the same speech to Congress, Bush suggested that the top priority of his administration would be a campaign to end terrorism. He affirmed that all the evidence collected at that point indicated that al-Qaeda was the organization responsible for the September 11 attacks, and he promised that a U.S.-led war on terrorism would begin with a drive to eliminate that organization.

15 But in a key expansion of US.antiterrorism efforts, Bush said the United States would not only target the terrorism organizations themselves, but also those governments that support them. “Every nation in every region now has a decision to make,” Bush said. “Either you are with us or you are with the terrorists. From this day forward, any nation that continues to harbor or support terrorism will be regarded by the United States as a hostile regime.”

16 Directions: The following questions are based on the above passage. Read the passage and judge these statements are true or false. 1. The September 11 attack shook the center of the country. (F) 2. The attack happened accidentally and suddenly, and no organization is responsible for it.(F) 3. The original targets of the terrorist attacks are 4 or 5 in numbered. (F)

17 4. It was not the first attack on U.S. interests. (T) 5. The al-Qaeda is privately financed. (T) 6. The U.S would target the terrorism organization exclusively in its antiterrorism efforts. (F) 7. Only the nations that support the terrorism will be thought of by the U. S. as the unfriendly regime. (F)

18 Part 3. Pre-reading questions for the text A 1. How many planes were hijacked on September 11, 2001? What were the targets of the terrorists ? 2. What do we know about what took place on United Airlines Flight93 ? 3. How would you react if you were on a hijacked flight? Suggested answers: 1. 4 jet planes are hijacked. The targets of the attack are the twin tower of the world trade center, the Pentagon, and another target in the Washington D.C. 2. it crashed in Pennsylvania on that day.

19 Part B Language study A. while-reading questions 1. How did the author feel when she took a walk on the Brooklyn Bridge that early morning? 2. What does “ the landscape of downtown” imply? 3. Who did she come across on the bridge? An acquaintance or a strange? Give a brief description of him. 4. According to the author’s view, what seemed to be the prevailing attitude of many Americans toward interracial marriage between whites and blacks in the 1960s? 5. What do people often dream after September? 6. What does the Author think of the boom?

20 B. the organization of the text The author writes about what is going on around her and in the city and her thoughts about all this. Loose and informal in style, it is, nevertheless, always related to, mostly implicitly, one topic— the aftereffects of the terrorist crimes of September 11 on people, especially their unconscious. Rather than listing instances of physical damage, she chooses everyday happenings to show the subtle changes in people’s minds. These changes include the following five aspects: 1) people seem to love the Brooklyn Bridge more than ever before. 2) people grow more friendly to one another regardless of race. 3) It is a fashion now

21 C.language points: 1. reflect on / upon: think deeply about,remind oneself of past events Examples: It’s a good habit for us to reflect on what we have done in the past an learn from it. History provides a means for a society to reflect upon itself and its beliefs. 2. fax: transmit printed matter or an image by electronic means Examples: In the business settings, the efficiency is greatly achieved by sending and receiving electronic mail and fax messages. To deal with stiffer competition, hotels and motels offer better services, such as faxing and photocopying for business travelers.

22 n.Examples: Telegrams have been largely replaced by other forms of telecommunications, such as fax machines and electronic mail ( ). Motorola has a network of 66 low-orbiting satellites designed to permit transmission of voice, data, fax, and paging signals anywhere on earth. 3. span: extend across in space or time Example: Travelers will be able to walk across a footbridge that spans the Huangpu River by The film, spanning almost a quarter-century, tells the story of the Kennedy family. 4. I am struck…:I am impressed…

23 5. jog: run slowly for physical exercise: push slightly Example: Running at a slow pace is sometimes called jogging. Peter jogged my arm and made me spill my tea. 6. hike: go for a long walk Examples: We are planning to hike in the country on Sunday. Helen had hiked across Europe in his youth. 7. for nothing : without payment, free: with no reward or result Examples: I know the cyber bar manager so I always get in for nothing, All that hard work for nothing! 8. maintenance: maintaining or being maintained Examples: Concrete pavements have a long life and require little maintenance. Our research focuses on using computers,

24 9. contend: struggle or complete (usu. followed by with, or for) Examples: Concrete pavements have a long life and require little maintenance. Our research focuses on using computers, instrumentation, automation, and new materials to improve bridge design, construction, and maintenance. Several teams are contending for the prize. 10. disapproving: showing disapproval Examples: When I suggested a drink, she gave me a disapproving look. When I showed my newly-bought suit to her, she cast a disapproving look at it.

25 11. hold up: put (sb./ sth.) forward as an example, show Examples: This school is being held up to me as a model for other middle schools in the city. My sister was always held up to me as a model child. 12. pertinent: to the point; related (followed by to ) Examples: If you intended to be a teacher, you have to obtain knowledge and skills pertinent to classroom teaching. His remarks were not pertinent to the matter we were discussing. 13. suffering: pain of body or mind; (pl) feelings of pain, sorrow, etc. Examples: Euthanasia is a practice of mercifully ending a person’s life in order to release the person from an incurable disease and intolerable suffering.

26 According to the Bible, Christians must accept humility, suffering and self-sacrifice. Extreme poverty can cause terrible suffering and death. 14. settle for: accept ( sth. that is seen as not quite satisfactory) Examples: I would like a job in banking, but jobs are not so scarce at the moment I would settle for anything. Virginia was a perfectionist. She was just not prepared to settle for anything mediocre. 15. come out: be produced or published; become known, be reveared Examples: The dictionary has just come out about what happened. It will come out that he has covertly donated considerable sums to the terrorists.

27 16. tag: a small piece of paper, plastic, etc, fixed to something to show what it is, who owns it, what it costs, etc Examples: Staff were required to wear name tags at work. Whoever enters the building must wear an identity tag. Vt. Fasten a tag onto (sth); go somewhere with someone, especially when they do not want you to Examples: The most important trees were tagged to show they were under special which protection. Tag the bottles now or we’ll forget which one which one is which. Mom, I can’t do anything with her along tagging along all the time. 17. string: thin cord; a series of things put together on a thread Examples: The parcel was tied up with string. She wore a string of pearls around her neck. Vt. hang sth. up between two or more objects Examples: He had strung a banner across the wall. People strung decorations on the fronts of their homes to celebrate Christmas.

28 18. ponder: think about carefully and for a long time (used in the patterns: ponder sth.; ponder on / over sh.; ponder +wh) Examples: I found myself constantly pondering the question: “what’s the meaning of life?” My parents pondered on when to send me abroad how to improve our English. 19. all of a sudden: suddenly Examples: All the kids were quietly asleep, when, all of a sudden, the bell rang. The students were singing and dancing cheerfully. All of a sudden, all the lights went off. 20. I am not just blowing through life: I am not just living my life without any sense of purpose

29 21. obscure: not easily seen or understood; not well-known Examples: The letter is written in rather obscure language. The message of a dream is often rather obscure. The music was written by an obscure Greek. Vt. Examples: When a total lunar eclipse occurs, the moon is obscured for about 2 hours. Dust obscures our view of distant parts of our own galaxy. 22. boom: sudden increase or growth Examples: As workers born during the baby boom of have aged, the work force in the United States has grown progressively older. People with houses to sell are benefiting from the boom in property prices. v. Example: High-technology industries are booming and attracting large numbers of scientists. 23. mortality: the state of being unable to live for ever, the rate of deaths among a certain kind of people Examples: The nation’s infant mortality rate has reached a record low. Although it has a huge population, china has successfully reduced both fertility and morality.

30 24. statistical: means of or shown by statistics. Examples: The teacher made a statistical analysis of how frequently certain words are used in speech and writing. The report was based by heavily on primary statistical information regularly collected by governments. 25. back up: support; make a copy of (a disk) Examples: Only a few employees backed him up in the election. I often back up the files stored on my computer just in case. 26. envelope: enclose with a covering Examples: The lake was enveloped in mist. Walking in the forest, we felt the rich fragrant smell of the forest enveloping us

31 27. adolescent: a young person between childhood and adulthood Examples: Historically, task of instructing adolescents about sex has been seen as the responsibility of the parents. Among adolescents, imitation the fashion, hairstyle, or speech of prominent public figures is an attempt to secure charisma and success. 28. send in : send (sth.) to a place where it will be dealt with Examples: Applicants are asked to send in a CV and a covering letter. I hope that readers will send in their ideas for saving money. 29. recur: happen again or repeatedly Examples: Eclipses recur at regular intervals. Although he was not caught cheating on the exam, the feelings of guilt recurred over and over again.

32 30. unusual: not usual, exceptional Examples: A profusion of Japanese cheery trees is an unusual feature of the garden. American culture possesses an unusual mixture of patterns and forms forged from among its diverse peoples. 31. weaver: make threads into cloth by crossing them under and over each other on a loom, or make cloth in this way; invent a complicated story or plan Examples: In the Emperor’s New Clothes, the two strangers declare they can weave the finest stuff anyone can imagine. In West Africa, men weave certain kinds of prestigious textiles. He was good at weaving elaborate plots. n. Examples: Fabrics with a close weave are ideal for painting. 32. imagination: the ability to imagine; sth. Only imagined and not real. Examples: Einstein’s genius was characterized equally by logical clarity and creative imagination. The teacher should let his student’s imagination go as far as it can.

33 Translation Translate the following passage into English, using the words and phrases given below : Obscure recur adolescent suffering come out envelope all of a sudden Mortality 昨天上午十时在城东 200 公里处的乡村地区 发生了强烈地震造成了广泛的破坏和重大的人 员伤亡. 死伤人员包括许多青少年. 但是, 究竟有 多少人伤亡, 目前尚不清楚, 因为整个地区都淹 没在瓦砾之中. 然而有一点是肯定的, 许多幸存 者将要忍受多年的痛苦和不幸. 这件事传递的死 亡信息极大地震撼了当地人, 一些信教的人聚集 在一起乞求这样的事情永远再也不要发生.

34 Answer A severe earthquake occurred all of a sudden at 10a.m. yesterday in a rural area, about 200 kilometers east of the city. Initial reports coming out of the region indicate the earthquake has caused widespread devastation/damage and heavy casualties. Many adolescents were among those injured or killed.Yet it remains obscure exactly how many people were hurt and killed as the entire area has been enveloped in rubble. However, one thing is certain : many of the survivors may face years of pain and suffering. Local people were clearly shaken by this reminder of their mortality. Some religious ones have gathered to pray that it will never recur.

35 4.The Americans first heard about the dirty bomb from a. the arrest of Padilla b. a Qaeda prisoner c. the announcements of bin Laden d. the Pakistan authorities 5.from the evidence presented we can infer that a. the Pakistan authorities have been successful in fighting terrorism b. Afghanistan provides a hiding place for terrorists c. Qaeda can rely on supporters in the cities of Pakistan d. the Internet enables terrorists to communicate in secret Answers: 1.a 2.c 3.b 4.b 5.c

36 B. Language points 1.be bound for : going or ready to go in the direction of Example: This ship is bound for Finland. 2.crew: people working on a ship, plane, ect Example: This area is for the airport crew only. You are not supposed to be here. 3.phase : a stage Example: Since this is a critical phase, we cannot be more careful. 4.undergo: experience or endure Example: The old man has undergone many hardships. 5.put/lay/palace emphasis on: place special meaning or importance on sth. Example: During the process of learning, great emphasis should be put on speaking and listening.

37 6. run down: trace the source of, decline Example : A few days later, the space shuttle Discovery and its five-member running down made a spectacular night liftoff to carry into orbit a secret military satellite designed to monitor the radio communications of certain foreign countries. 7. pose: cause Example : The shootings that recently took places in Washington area have posed a serious threat to the personal safety of local residents

38 After reading exercises 1. He asked us to _____ them in carrying through their plan. A) provide B) arouse C) assist D) persist 2. A good many proposals were raised by the delegates, _____ was to be expected. A) that B) what C) so D) as 3. He was such a _____ speaker that he held our attention every minute of the three-hour lecture. A) specific B) dynamic C) heroic D) diplomatic

39 4. Arriving home, the boy told his parents about all the _____ which occurred in his dormitory. A) occasions C) incidents B) matters D) issues 5. The opening between the rocks was very narrow, but the boys managed to _____ through. A) press C) stretch B) squeeze D) leap 6. They are trying to _____ the waste discharged by the factory for profit. A) expose C) exhibit B) exhaust D) exploit

40 7. The manager urged his staff not to _____ the splendid opportunity. A) drop C) escape B) miss D) slide 8. _____ I admire David as a poet, I do not like him as a man. A) Much as C) If only B) Only if D) As much 9. Because of a _____ engagement, Lora couldn't attend my birthday party last Saturday. A) pioneer C) prior B) premature D) past

41 10. The continuous rain _____ the harvesting of the wheat crop by two weeks. A) set back C) set out B) set off D) set aside 11. Not having a good command of English can be a serious _____ preventing you from achieving your goals. A) obstacle C) offense B) fault D) distress 12. It's very _____ of you not to talk aloud while the baby is asleep. A) concerned C) considerable B) careful D) considerate

42 13. Many a player who had been highly thought of has _____ from the tennis scene. A) disposed C) discouraged B) disappeared D) discarded 14. She's fainted. Throw some water on her face and she'll _____. A) come round C) come on B) come along D) come out 15. All their attempts to _____ the child from the burning building were in vain. A) regain C) rescue B) recover D) reserve

43 16. Computer technology will _____ a revolution in business administration. A) bring around C) bring out B) bring about D) bring up 17. The university has launched a center to develop new ways of _ _bacteria which have become resistant to drug treatments. A) regulating C) interrupting B) halting D) combating 18. The _____ goal of the book is to help bridge the gap between research and teaching, particularly the gap between researchers and teachers. A) joint C) overall B) intensive D) decisive

44 19. The rapid development of communications technology is transforming the _____ in which people communicate across time and space. A) route C) vision B) transmission D) manner 20. When I go out in the evening I use the bike _____ the car if I can. A) rather than C) in spite of B) regardless of D) other than 21. There is no _____ evidence that people can control their dreams, at least in experimental situations in a lab. A) rigid C) smooth B) solid D) harsh

45 19. The rapid development of communications technology is transforming the _____ in which people communicate across time and space. A) route C) vision B) transmission D) manner 20. When I go out in the evening I use the bike _____ the car if I can. A) rather than C) in spite of B) regardless of D) other than 21. There is no _____ evidence that people can control their dreams, at least in experimental situations in a lab. A) rigid C) smooth B) solid D) harsh

46 22. Every culture has developed _____ for certain kinds of food and drink, and equally strong negative attitudes toward others. A) preferences C) fantasies B) expectations D) fashions 23. It is reported that Uruguay understands and _____ China on human rights issues. A) grants C) abandons B) changes D) backs 24. Only a few people have _____ to the full facts of the incident. A) access C) contact B) resort D) path

47 25. His trousers _____ when he tried to jump over the fence. A) cracked C) broke B) split D) burst 26. So far, _____ winds and currents have kept the thick patch of oil southeast of the Atlantic coast. A) governing C) prevailing B) blowing D) ruling 27. The author was required to submit an _____ of about 200 words together with his research paper. A) edition C) article B) editorial D) abstract

48 28. As the old empires were broken up and new states were formed, new official tongues began to _____ at an increasing rate. A) bring up C) spring up B) build up D) strike up 29. Many patients insist on having watches with them in hospital, _____ they have no schedules to keep. A) even though C) as if B) for D) since 30. Some plants are very _____ to light; they prefer the shade. A) sensible C) objective B) flexible D) sensitive

49 ANSWERS FOR THE EXERSISES 1-5 c d b c b 6-10 d b b c a a d b a c b d c d a b a d a b c d c b a

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