Presentation on theme: "“It was one of those moments in which history splits, and we define the world as ‘before’ and ‘after.’” September 11, 2001 What debates have arisen since."— Presentation transcript:
1 “It was one of those moments in which history splits, and we define the world as ‘before’ and ‘after.’”September 11, 2001What debates have arisen since 9/11 about how to balance security while preserving American ideals?
2 Describe how you reacted when you first learned of the attacks. Do NowListen to the eyewitness accounts from the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center.Describe how you reacted when you first learned of the attacks.OR tell a story that you have heard about the events of 9/11. You may have heard the story from a family member, a friend, the news, or a documentary.Do you, or does anyone you know, think the country has changed because of the events of 9/11? If so, explain.
3 Main IdeaThe attacks of 9/11 left Americans with a new sense of vulnerability. President Bush declared war on terrorism—at home and abroad. The conduct of that war once again raised the challenge of balancing our founding ideals with our desire for security.
4 Acts of terrorism are not new What is terrorism?The use of violence against people or property to try and force changes in societies or governmentsActs of terrorism are not newThroughout history terrorists groups have used terror to achieve political or social goals
5 IntroductionOn the morning of September 11, 2001, a passenger airplane hijacked by al Qaeda (terrorist group) crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. A second plane crashed into the South Tower just 17 minutes later.In just two hours, nearly 3,000 people lost their livesMore than had died when 350 Japanese bombers attacked Pearl Harbor in December of 1941.The aircraft that hit the North Tower was a jetliner with a full of fuel.
6 Soon after a fourth hijacked plane had crashed in Pennsylvania. IntroductionA third hijacked passenger jet had crashed into the Pentagon building near Washington, D.C.Soon after a fourth hijacked plane had crashed in Pennsylvania.Most Americans can recall exactly where they were when they heard the news.
7 Immediate Impact of 9/11Many people could not believe that terrorists could launch such a devastating attack on U.S. soil.The U.S had the most powerful military in the world.Most Americans believed the nation to be secure from outside threats.In the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, many normal activities came to a halt, especially in New York City.The stock markets were closedTunnels and bridges leading into Manhattan were shut downAirlines canceled flights around the country for several daysHeightened security measures In towns and cities across the nation
8 Immediate Impact of 9/11Despite the mood of fear and vulnerability, 9/11 also drew Americans together.For weeks, strangers greeted one another on the streets.Americans also came together in groups, holding vigils and memorials for the victims of 9/11 and raising money for their families.Firefighters traveled to Manhattan to help with the recovery effort.
9 The terrorists were part of the al Qaeda network The U.S Takes ActionThe first step in the battle against terrorism: identify who was responsible for 9/11.After a massive investigation, the U.S government determined it was Osama bin Laden (a Saudi Arabian millionaire)The terrorists were part of the al Qaeda networkThe home base for al Qaeda was Afghanistan-ruled by the strict regime TalibanThe Taliban supported the terrorist group and refused to turn in Bin Laden.
10 Prevention of future terrorist attacks at home. The U.S Takes ActionThe Bush administration devised a two-pronged strategy to cope with the threat of terrorism and keep the country safe.The war on terrorismCalled for aggressive military action abroad to combat perceived terrorist threats.This approach led to the lengthy and controversial wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.Prevention of future terrorist attacks at home.Like the wars abroad, these domestic security measures aroused controversy.Bush's Post 9/11 Speech
11 Safeguarding Equality “In our anger and emotion, our fellow Americans must treat each other with respect.”9/11 attacks brought back memories of the U.S. response to Japan’s attack on Pearl HarborAfter learning that the terrorists were Arab Muslims, many people of Middle Eastern descent were afraid to go to work or school for fear of being singled out for attack, even if they were not Muslim.Bush made an effort to reassure American Muslims that they would be treated the same way as other citizens
12 Many citizens in the Unites States wondered: Founding IdealsIn the months and years after 9/11, the terrorists attacks would also significantly influence the nation’s approach to preserving its founding ideals.Many citizens in the Unites States wondered:How can we balance ideals such as equality and liberty with our desire for security?Examine the primary and secondary sources around the room to understand why the government’s response to the events of 9/11 have led to debates about how to balance national security with America’s founding ideals.In your notebook, identify which placards relate to each of the founding ideals and describe the challenges the nation faced in preserving those ideals. Do you think the founding ideal was preserved in the aftermath of 9/11?