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RENAISSANCE ENGLAND MARJE MAASEN INGLISE KIRJANDUS 1O KLASS C.R.JAKOBSONI NIM.GÜMNAASIUM VILJANDI MAAKOND.

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Presentation on theme: "RENAISSANCE ENGLAND MARJE MAASEN INGLISE KIRJANDUS 1O KLASS C.R.JAKOBSONI NIM.GÜMNAASIUM VILJANDI MAAKOND."— Presentation transcript:

1 RENAISSANCE ENGLAND MARJE MAASEN INGLISE KIRJANDUS 1O KLASS C.R.JAKOBSONI NIM.GÜMNAASIUM VILJANDI MAAKOND

2 POLITICAL SITUATION 4 THE WAR OF ROSES ENDED IN NEITHER THE YORKS NOR THE LANCASTERS WON 4 A NEW DYNASTY, THE TUDOR DYNASTY, CAME TO THE THRONE

3 HENRY VII 4 BUILT A NEW NATION - BASED STATE 4 COULD AVOID CONFLICTS WITH FRANCE AND SPAIN 4 LAID A GOOD ECONOMIC BASIS FOR HIS STATE 4 BUILT A POWERFUL MERCHANT FLEET 4 ENGLAND BEGAN TO DOMINATE IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE

4 HENRY VIII 4 HE WAS A BRILLIANT SCHOLAR AND AMBITIOUS POLITICIAN 4 DISSOLVED THE MONASTERIES 4 THE HAUNTING PROBLEM - A MALE HEIR 4 MADE HIMSELF THE HEAD OF THE ENGLISH CHURCH 4 QUARRELLED WITH THE POPE

5 CATHERINE OF ARAGON 4 COULD NOT GIVE THE STATE A MALE HEIR TO THE THRONE 4 HAD A DAUGHTER CALLED MARY 4 HENRY DIVORCED FROM HER TO MARRY ANNE BOLEYN 4 WAS AN ARDENT CATHOLIC AND BROUGHT PRINCESS MARY UP IN THE SAME SPIRIT

6 ANNE BOLEYN 4 HENRY VIII MARRIED HER AFTER THE DIVORCE 4 GAVE BIRTH TO A DAUGHTER CALLED ELIZABETH 4 WAS BEHEADED IN THE TOWER BECAUSE HENRY VIII SUSPECTED HER OF PLOTTING

7 MARY TUDOR 4 DAUHGTER OF HENRY VIII AND CATHERINE OF ARAGON 4 WAS A TRUE CATHOLIC 4 PURSUED PROTESTANTS AND EXECUTED THEM 4 ALSO KNOWN AS BLOODY MARY

8 ELIZABETH I 4 DAUGHTER OF HENRY VIII AND ANNE BOLEYN 4 MADE PEACE WITH FRANCE AND SPAIN 4 BUILT A LARGE FLEET 4 ENCOURAGED THE CREATION OF COLONIES ABROAD - VIRGINIA 4 IRELAND BECAME AN ENGLISH COLONY 4 WALES ACCEPTED ENGLISH ADMINISTRATION IN

9 JAMES I 4 SON OF MARY STUART 4 FOLLOWED ELIZABETH TO THE THRONE BECAUSE SHE HAD NO HEIR 4 VERY HARD ON PROTESTANTS IN SCOTLAND AND IRELAND 4 HE WAS ALSO KING JAMES VI IN SCOTLAND 4 GUNPOWDER PLOT WAS ORGANIZED AGAINST HIM

10 GUNPOWDER PLOT 4 CATHOLICS WERE NOT SATISFIED WITH JAMES I AS A RULER 4 THE AIM - TO BLOW UP THE HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT 4 NOVEMBER 5, GUY FAWKES WAS CAUGHT AND THROWN TO THE TOWER 4 LATER ON HE WAS EXECUTED

11 MIGRATION TO AMERICA 4 JAMES I WAS VERY HARD ON PROTESTANTS IN SCOTLAND AND IRELAND 4 IN THEY EMIGRATED TO AMERICA 4 THE SHIP WAS CALLED THE MAYFLOWER 4 THE FIRST SETTLEMENT WAS CALLED NEW PLYMOUTH

12 LIFE IN ENGLAND 4 ENGLAND ENTERED THE ERA OF CAPITALISM 4 THE ENCLOSURE OF COMMON LANDS BY LANDOWNERS 4 THEIR AIM - TO INCREASE THE NUMBER OF SHEEP TO GET MORE WOOL 4 PEASANTS WERE DEPRIVED OF THE LAND 4 MANY PEASANTS BECAME HOMELESS

13 SCIENCE AND LEARNING 4 PRINTINGG WAS INVENTED IN GERMANY AND CAXTON BROUGHT THE SKILL TO ENGLAND IN GRAMMAR SCHOOLS WERE FOUNDED WHERE LATIN, GREEK, ANCIENT HISTORY AND ENGLISH WERE TAUGHT 4 LITERACY SPREAD QUICKLY 4 PROTESTANT CHURCHES WERE SET UP

14 LITERATURE AND ART 4 RENAISSANCE MEANS THE REBIRTH OF ANCIENT GREEK AND ROMAN ART AND LITERATURE 4 IT WAS FULL OF JOY OF LIFE 4 IT GLORIFIED THE BEAUTY OF MAN 4 MAN HAD THE RIGHT TO ENJOY LIFE

15 THE DEVELOPMENT OF DRAMA 4 DRAMA BECAME VERY POPULAR 4 THE FIRST THEATRE HOUSES “THE GLOBE” AND “THE THEATRE” WERE BUILT 4 FIRST COMPANIES OF ACTORS WERE FORMED

16 WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE 4 HE IS THE GREATEST OF THE ENGLISH RENAISSANCE WRITERS 4 HE WROTE COMEDIES, SUCH AS “THE MIDSUMMER NIGHT’S DREAM”,”THE TAMING OF THE SHREW” 4 HE WROTE TRAGEDIES, SUCH AS “HAMLET”, ROMEO AND JULIET”, “OTHELLO”, 4 HE WROTE SONNETS 4 HE WROTE HISTORICAL PLAYS


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