Presentation on theme: "The English Renaissance"— Presentation transcript:
1The English Renaissance 1485-1660 Unit 2English IVMiss Bogner
2What does “renaissance” mean? RebirthWhere did it start? (Italy)Human values and perceptions changesThe shift from the medieval period was on religion and the afterlifePeople were now focused on a more modern view. Stressed life on earth
3Arts & LiteratureRenaissance people took delight in art, literature, beauty of nature, human impulses, sense of mastery over the world.Expanded the scientific, geographical, and philosophical aspect of the world.Questioned what were timeworn truths.
4A “Renaissance” ManEmphasis placed on the individual & human potential.What is a “Renaissance” man?A person who ideally was multi-faceted who cultivated his innate talents to the fullest.What does that mean?
5England Catches UpThe English Renaissance started in Italy & it took a while before England was able to catch up.What were they waiting on?War of Roses ends, Henry Tudor takes the throne as Henry VII.
6Who is this Henry VII guy? Exercised strong authorityBuilt up nations largest merchant fleetFinanced expeditions that established England’s claims in the New World.
7What About Henry VIII? Took throne in 1509 Athlete, poet, musician Spoke French, Italian, & LatinProtestant Reformation was happening in northern EuropeHere comes what he is most famous for…
8His Children Married 18 years to Catherine Only had 1 daughter, Mary Became obsessed with having a male heirRequested that his marriage be annulled so that he could marry Anne BoleynPope refused to agreeHenry said “see ya later”
9Church of England 1534- Henry VIII leaves & makes his own church People began to support his ideas & decisionsThose who were opposed to this, often sacrificed themselvesAnne Boleyn- has only a daughter, ElizabethAnne is executed for adultery
10His Only Son 3rd marriage- Finally Henry has a son Edward VI- sickly, frail1547- Succeeded his father to the throne6 year reign, Church of England became truly ProtestantBeliefs were clarified, Book of Common Prayer was publishedEdward dies- half sister Mary takes throneMary tries to reintorduce Roman Catholicism, but the move was unpopular. She was married to her cousin Phillip II of Spain. Persecution of Protestants. She earned the nickname “Bloody Mary”. She dies in 1558, her half-sister Elizabeth becomes in charge.
11The Elizabethan EraShe proves to be the ablest monarchs in England’s historyEngland, during this time, reached its fullest flower.Prosperity & international prestigePractical girl, loved pomp & ceremony, but was frugal & kept a balanced budget.
12Oh Elizabeth, We Love You She exercised her authority, but was still sensitive to public opinionRespectful of ParliamentWhen it came to religion, she steered right down the middle.Reestablished the independent Church of EnglandWas a “buffer” between Catholics & radical Protestants.
13More of Elizabeth Kept England out of costly wars Ended unpopular Spanish allianceShe never married in the 20 years that she was on the throne….but she took dating to her advantage Showed interest in one prince after anotherNot all ends well….
14Her Cousin Quarrel with Spain grows 1587- Elizabeth executes her cousin Mary Stuart (the Roman Catholic queen of Scotland)Mary said that Elizabeth’s marriage was not legit, so she should not have been heir to the throne.Spain’s Philip of Scotland sends an armada to England---bad weather, England wins
15The Rise of the Stuarts Elizabeth dies in 1603 There was nobody left to take the throne in the Tudor house.Stuarts take overJames IV of Scotland comes to power (James I)Disputes between church again…Son takes throne– Charles I
16Here We Go Again… They did not have what it took to be like Elizabeth Thought that they were “God’s representatives”Dismisses Parliament, doesn’t call them back for 11 yearsEnglish people emigrated to North AmericaEngland is in a civil war
17The Defeat of the Monarchy Royalists (supporters of the monarchy, RC’s) vs. Supporters of Parliament (puritans, small land owners, middle-class people)1645 Puritans defeated the RoyalistsOk, but now what?We don’t have a monarchy anymore…This does not work out & turns to chaos.Charles II comes back to power.
18The Saga Continues…Charles II comes back to the throne & we will have a new era in England’s history…UNIT 3 The Restoration